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The whole world - the history of mankind up to our days.

The Whole world - the history of mankind up to our days.

Found 119 items

Life Italian scientist Galileo Galilei is the embodiment of the flowering of the scientific revolution. Galileo made amazing discoveries, watching the world around them. It was a time when the authority of the scientists of antiquity collapsed, opened the way to a new understanding of the world.

The Discovery of a supernova has allowed the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe to refute the Aristotelian notion of the immutability of the Universe (according to Aristotle, the moon and other changing celestial phenomena belonged to the earth's atmosphere).

In 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon announced Florida the property of the Spanish crown. In response to the attempt of the French to gain a foothold on the Peninsula Madrid sent Pedro Menendez de Aviles to repel the threat. Menendez killed the inhabitants of the French Fort and founded the Fort of St. Augustine (now Saint Augustine).

Shortly before his death in 1559 Italian anatomist Matteo RealD ° Columbo, published Colombo published On anatomical problems." Labor Colombo, who started as an assistant at Vesalius, was based on the opening of his teacher the fact that the blood does not go directly from the right half of the heart to the left.

Published a textbook of anatomy Published in 1543, the textbook "the structure of the human body", the Belgian anatomist Andreas Vesalius was the beginning of modern anatomy. Vesalius, along with Paracelsus, contributed to the revision of the Greek philosopher and physician Galen, which prevailed in European medicine for many centuries.

1543 In his work "On the revolutions of the heavenly spheres", published in 1543, Nicholas Copernicus put the Sun at the centre of our system, rejecting thus Ptolemaios model, which for 1400 years has convinced people in the stillness of the Earth.

In 1528 squad, which was led by the Conquistador of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, went forth from the present to the Tampa Bay, Florida. Soon the travelers broke away from the ships with supplies and lost each other.

German-doorman-ski physician Paracelsus (Philip Aureol Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim), father of medicinal chemistry, accelerated the transition from such ancient methods of treatment as phlebotomy, drug.

Europe meets potatoes the So-called Columbuses exchange - the movement of goods, plants, animals, groups of people, as well as technological and cultural achievements between the New and Old Light had a much greater historical impact than extracted Spain gold and silver.

The emergence of the Mughal Empire the Beginning of the Mughal Empire marked the victory of the Muslim ruler of Kabul in the first battle of Panipat, near Delhi (India). The winner of Zahiruddin Mohammed, he Babur founded the Empire, which for two centuries, until the Europeans brought it to an end, owned most of India. In April 1526, Babur came to battle with the superior forces of Ibrahim Lodi, Sultan of Delhi.

Suleiman becomes Sultan Suleiman became Sultan after the death of his father Selim I. During his reign (1520-1556,) Ottoman Empire reached the height of power, and Suleiman was known as a just ruler. In European historical literature it is called Great, in Muslim countries - Kanuni, the Legislator, because he approved the code of laws of the Ottoman Empire.

The Strengthening of the Ottoman Empire In the early sixteenth century, the influence of the Ottoman Empire strengthened two victories. Sultan Selim I (the terrible) resumed in 1516 their assault on Persia, but ally of the Persians Egyptian Sultan led his Mamluks to Aleppo (modern Syria) and attacked the ruler of the Ottomans.

"Utopia by sir Thomas more continued a long tradition of philosophical thought about how to make our world better. The forerunner was the treatise "State" of Plato, but it is Mor coined the term "utopia"which denotes the ideal of social and political harmony.

Winning in the naval battle of DIU, the Portuguese has expanded its possessions in the East and began to dominate in the Indian ocean. In February 1509, they defeated the combined fleet of Prince Indian Gujarat and Egyptian Sultan of the Mamluk dynasty Kansha al-ghouri.

Battle of Sharur (1501) begins the rise of the Safavids (1502-1736,), established in Persia dominance of Shia. Dynasty founder, Shah Ismail I defeated the leader of the Sunni Alanda of the AK Koyunlu (Belozernyi) at the battle of Sharur (modern Azerbaijan).