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Sports complex - the vanguard

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The first official rules in 1863 on the goalkeeper there is no mention. To catch the ball in the air were allowed to each player. For such a "good grip of the ball" player fired a free kick. In 1869 to touch the ball with your hand was strictly forbidden to all players. Only in 1870, following the rules, we find the first mention of the goalkeeper. He is the only player on the team, was allowed to play a hand in the defense of the gate. He could make an unlimited number of steps with the ball in his hands. 1877 goalkeeper was forbidden to carry the ball in hand, but he could take two steps with the ball in hand. The functions of the goalkeeper in the team could perform only one player, although its functions could take on during the match, the other player...

In 1863 the number of players depended on agreements between the teams. In 1871 we find the first mention of 11 players, but as usual teams. Only in 1897 it was found that in the team — 11 players. There were, however, occasions when the team started the game in a smaller part of that was the result of trauma or withdrawal from the field. In order to be able to continue with fewer players, in 1923 it was decided that the number of 11 players is the maximum. Supplement that one of the players should be the function of a goalkeeper, appeared after the second world war. The minimum number of players established by the competent football unions. Before the replacement players were not allowed, and the team finished the match in the original composition. If a...

Previously played football either on time or on the number of goals scored. About this team we agreed when discussing the upcoming match. The contract includes the number of breaks in the game. The breaks were quite lengthy. The players showered, dressed, rested. One break in the game exists since 1892. since 1897 the game should be continued only for the execution of a penalty kick awarded on the outcome of the game. The duration of the game in 90 minutes was established in 1890. Account missed time in football works since 1903. (The time spent on helping a player on the field, in 1909 is considered to be missed). the Division of games into two half-hour acts, 1892, and. continuation of the game 2 X 45 min., it was established rules in 1938. Since that...

Definition shoes we find in the first official rules in 1863. It was forbidden to have on the boots protruding nails, iron plates and hard rubber. Violation of this prohibition since 1887 has been punished by removal from the game. At the same time, the rules stated that the judge, at the request of the command, checks the boots of the players of the opposing team. The straps on the soles was allowed in 1899. They had to pass over the entire width and could be made of leather or soft rubber. Since 1910, was banned on the boots with metal insoles, even if they're skin tight and allowed printed spikes or straps in combination with spikes. A player removed from the game due to inappropriate shoes, in effect since 1929, the rules could return to the field after...

From the beginning of organized football, usually played with a round ball with a leather cover and pumped camera. This ball was not a novelty in other games. John Amos Comenius in the middle of the XVI century in the work "Orbis Pictus" describes a balloon inflated with air through the valve. In the first Czech edition of the rules the point of the "shells" requires "inflated ball or big ball, prepared specially for this game and is equipped with a leather covering. The ball can be inflated through a rubber tube, which is then well-tied to the air does not go out." The size of the ball and its weight were then assigned according to tradition. Only in 1871 we find in the rules stating that the ball must have a circumference from 68.5 cm to 71 cm Weight of...

Before the gate was formed by two wooden pole, placed on goal line at a distance of 7.32 m from each other. A goal is considered scored in that case, if the ball is passed between rods at any height. by Throwing the ball from the sideline goal scored was not considered. the Height was limited only since 1866. At a height of 2.44 m from the ground were taut tape between the poles of the gate. It was believed that a goal is scored if the ball passed over the goal line between the poles under the upper limit of the gate. A goal was considered the goal in that case, if the ball has not passed over the goal line due to the fact that the defender does not let the ball to fly in gate. In 1874 for the gate as the crossbar, it was recommended that log. In 1887 a...

In 1863, football is played on a field with maximum dimensions 130 X 90 meters. But later it became clear that such a field is too large. Already in 1866, had set a minimum-zero dimensions 91 X 45 meters, while in 1997 the maximum size was reduced to 119 X 91.5 meters. To denote the field at that time it was enough for the four corner flags. Their minimum height (1.52 m) was established only in 1896. Since 1883 the field was designated grooves in the ground. In 1883, on the football field was conducted by two lines parallel to the gate lines, at a distance of 5.5 th 11 meters from the goal line. These lines passed across the entire width of the field from one sideline to the other. In 1891, a 5.5 - metre line was .cancelled, and instead of them on the...

At first organized football game was led by captains of the participating teams. Due to the fact that the captains were at the same time players, they were Uncomfortable when playing among themselves to engage in disputes about the rules. Therefore, each team is appointed a representative who was not involved in the game and had the right, if necessary and by mutual agreement, to suspend the game. the Canons of judging first mentioned in 1873. The judge on his own initiative never in the game did not intervene, and only if the representatives could not agree among themselves. At that time the judge only followed the time, made notes about the match, appointed and removed players from the game. The game he interrupted by word or gesture, and from 1878...

In the first half of the nineteenth century, common rules did not exist. The school and town were playing football by the rules. Although these local rules are based almost no different, the teams before the competition was supposed to always negotiate the details. The first attempt to develop common rules was made in 1848 at the University of Cambridge. Unfortunately, these rules (Cambridge) has not reached us. In 1862 Trnng, Professor of Uppingham, made up rules. They consisted of 8 points in twenty printed lines. The rules of Tring had more to do with contentious issues and problems that seemed obvious, was not concerned. the Main task of the English football Association was the identification of views on the rules of the game. It was necessary to...

Czechoslovakia football first appeared in the mid 80-ies of the last century. The first mention of football competitions in the Czech Republic, namely in Rudnytsya, and according to some sources and in Prague, belong to 1887. In 1889 held the game in Kindling, in the city of mladá Boleslav and in several other centres. In 1896 he started football competition in Moravia, first in Brno and then in 1897 in Opava. In Slovakia, at that time part of Hungary, football began to develop from 1898. the First attempt to establish the organizational and governing centre in the Czech Republic was taken in 1900. The Czech football Union (CSF) was founded in 1901, during the period when the international organization of Association football (FIFA) did not exist...