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Study / Science

Science news - Microform™ news holography

Science news - Microform™ news holography

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In the field of the Georgia Institute of Technology has autoş MATIC research unit, robot called Icefin designed specifically for studies of the deep ocean in the regions, the surface of which is coated with a layer of ice. And this robot is not just a development, it has already been used for studies of the ocean beneath ice shelves Antarctica's Ross. The same technology can be used to obtain the opportunity to look into the ocean beneath an icy "shell" in which "wrapped" Europe, one of the icy moons of Jupiter. And this possibility takes on special relevance in light of NASA plans for research on Europe, which was announced recently.

According to the theory put forward recently by Samir Masura (Samir Mathur), Professor of physics at Ohio state University, the assertion that everything that passes through the event horizon of a black hole is completely destroyed, is wrong. The new theory indicates that the black hole converts all of it, in the hologram is almost a perfect copy of the absorbed object that continues to exist as before. Such a transformation can lead to quite exotic phenomena, for example, if our world was absorbed by the black hole, we could even not notice.

This transparent cube is the chip that is driven by forces of gravity and which very accurately simulates the human heart rate, mimicking the basic physical rhythms that determines the functioning of the human body. Created by researchers from the University of Michigan, the device belongs to a rather numerous class of lab-on-a-chip, microfluidic devices, allowing studies and drug trials in laboratory, and not in a clinical setting.

Huge device that you see in the above photo, is the main part of the mechanism of the robot manipulator in the Department of radiochemistry National laboratory Los Alamos. This robot serves "hot" cells, which are highly radioactive materials, which are synthesized isotopes of different chemical elements, which is used, in most cases, in medical diagnostic purposes. And looking at the image working with the robot person, you can imagine how huge this robot.

Dawn spacecraft, performing routine mapping, sent to Earth for the best and most high-quality pictures of a mysterious bright spots, like freckles that dot some parts of the surface of the dwarf planet Ceres. The pictures of these bright spots, the group which is concentrated in the crater, with a diameter of 90 kilometers, can be seen a second group of smaller and less bright spots, which was not visible in photographs taken earlier from a further distance. But even such high-quality images of this phenomenon can not yet help scientists in solving the mystery of the origin of these stains and their composition.

According to initial plans of the European space Agency (ESA) Rosetta mission, which involves the eponymous orbital machine orbiting the comet at the distance of 290 million kilometers from Earth, was due to expire in December of this year. But, for several reasons, the leadership of the ESA has extended the deadline of the mission for another 9 months, the Rosetta spacecraft will continue to be in the region of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko until September 2016.

Easy Enough to understand the interest of scientists for planetary scientists studying Mars, the closest to the Earth planet, surface conditions which allow the study of relatively simple ways. This interest has caused what is now on the surface and in orbit around the red Planet, there is a fairly large group of research vehicles belonging to the space agencies of different countries. And just recently, representatives of the Japanese space Agency Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has announced its own plans for Mars exploration. But unlike other countries, Japanese spacecraft, equipped with already proven technology asteroid research will study the satellites of the red Planet, Phobos and Deimos.

The Large Hadron Collider, the most powerful particle accelerator to date, only having to start work at a new energy level, was stopped for a break, which will last 5 days. Do not be afraid, it is not associated with any break or malfunction, threaten global catastrophe, this stop is the first of three "technical" stops, scheduled for 2015, during which will be servicing the most complex scientific installations to date.

A Group of researchers from IBM Research in Zurich, Switzerland, with the assistance of their American colleagues from new York, developed a relatively simple and versatile process that allows to grow crystals of semiconductor compounds having specified dimensions and shape. During and after the cultivation of these crystals can be easily integrated on a silicon substrate, forming a structure of chips and processors for the next generation, the size and cost of which may continue to decrease simultaneously with the increase of their productivity, as known and defined by law Gordon Moore.

In April 2014, the famous car mobilesatellite BMW began its collaboration with the Chinese tech giant Baidu, focused on the development of driverless cars mobile robot. And more than a year after the start of this cooperation, this cooperation is beginning to yield its first results. According to Won Jin (Wang Jin), senior Vice President of the company Baidu, driverless cars developed by them in a mobile robot needs to take to the streets of some Chinese cities by the end of this year.

Representatives of the American space Agency NASA has announced that during launch to Mars InSight lander, the spacecraft of the mission as additional cargo will carry a couple of microsatellites standard CubeSats. This case will be the first in history when these micro-satellites will be in space, and they will be used for data transmission to Earth on the status of the spacecraft and reentry of the InSight module, which landed on the surface of Mars in September next year.

Performance of robots during the first day of finals DARPA Robotics Challenge were exciting. However, not all robots were able to maintain balance and to keep the limbs in a vertical condition. The vast majority of cases to the fallen robots were sent a team of people armed with jacks, winches and blocks in which the robot again rose to his feet, as permitted by the rules of the competition. But the greatest interest, of course, are robots that are able to rise after the fall, demonstrating that they are ready for action in the area of natural and man-made disasters. And one of those robots who managed to rise after the fall, is a robot CHIMP that has one of the most extraordinary designs created by the team Tartan Rescue.

Our readers interested in developments in the field of robotics, it is well known that on Friday, 5 June 2015 launched the finals DARPA Robotics Challenge, which can rightly be called the Olympic Games for robots. Just the competition involved 25 teams from various universities and robotic organizations from around the world, each of which represents the robot to its original design or one of serial robots, the design of which was subjected to changes and modernization. Of course, the most interesting are the robots unique design, and below we will acquaint our readers with the most unusual robots involved in the DRC competition.

Concrete is one of the most common building materials of the world which used in the construction of the ancient Romans. It is likely the Foundation of the building in which you are in the moment, and its walls are made of concrete. And many of the huge buildings in the Central areas of modern cities, are constructed of this material. However, concrete, despite its strength, is not eternal material, buildings and structures built from it, without proper maintenance over time begin to break down, coming to the emergency condition. This motivates researchers to look for ways to give durability to the concrete, and some success has been achieved the group from the Technological University of Delft (Delft University of Technology) in the Netherlands.

The last time we talked about the robotic Cheetah developed by the experts at mit, this robot was able to independently and without any tether to move through the grass-covered lawn at a speed of up to 16 kilometers per hour and can jump to a height of about 35 centimeters. Since that time, the design of the robot was subjected to some modifications, the robot has a system of laser scanning LIDAR and special software algorithms that allow it while driving to detect obstacles and jump over them, like a living Cheetah.