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Pectrum

Articles on a range of subjects: history of Russia and the world, society, famous people, amazing events, unique places, curiosities past and present. A huge collection of jokes and jokes and fun and instructive stories from life.

Found 2261 items

Many called Ivan Petrovich Kulibina "Russian da Vinci." His inventions were ahead of his time, and the scope of imagination impressed. the difference was close to the court of the Empress Catherine II. He even made it unusual for her watch, which led the Empress to a complete delight. Pectrum tells readers about the brilliant self-taught Kulibina, which has not been long understood. his Childhood and teenage inventions, Kulibina Ivan Kulibin was born in 1735 in middle class family in Nizhny Novgorod. Since childhood, Ivan showed a great talent for invention that his father is not very encouraging. But his opinion changed after son managed to save the pond in the estate. This pond is permanently fish perished, and the young genius improvised fashioned...

Russia gave the world ballet, Tchaikovsky's music and the novel "War and peace". But we are not talking about it. Over the last hundred years the share of Russia fell to revolution, reconstruction, the war and another reconstruction. Modern Russian people are the reason for pride not looking for culture or art. Even foreign visitors notice the changes. New Russians, of course, in the case of remember great writers and composers, but lately the emphasis has shifted. What, according to foreigners, proud of modern Russian, and why, in the minds of the people there are new values? Pectrum asked what stereotypes about us popular abroad, and made an unexpected discovery. the proud Russians: indomitable spirit the First world war claimed the lives of two million...

Barmen, despite the romantic name of the profession were men of terrible and harsh. On their shoulders lay a big responsibility for the collection of taxes and the debtor. the Name of the profession that went with the ceremony of taking office. Chosen people, confirming their oath of honest performance of duties, was to kiss the cross. There is found out, worked as a barmen and why their profession was abolished. What did the barmen to the XVII century for the First time the profession of the publican mentioned in the Sudebnik 1497. On this post people have chosen Chiune — boyar or princely control of the slaves themselves had to assign the barmen from among chernososhnyh peasants. After the election the peasant had to swear an oath never to take other...

In America, the difference between the mother-in-law and mother-in-law does not exist. A new mother called mother-in-law. In Russia mother-in-law and mother-in-law — two very different characters. And that tyoscha can be for a foreign groom a headache. new men recommended to look at the mother-in-law. In Russia, the mother of his wife takes an active part in the life of a young family. If a common language with the new mom won't find on time, the problems will fall like a horn of plenty. However, tricks, which will help to establish peace, still there. As a foreign fiancé to find a common language with a second mother, and why are some boundaries not to cross? Pectrum immersed in the complicated family life of ethnic families. How to please the...

According to the thieves ' code a thief is bound good to be able to play card games. Such a rule went with the twenties, when the prisons were actively playing the rams or borax. the Gamblers who find themselves behind bars, has always enjoyed the respect of prisoners of the lower classes. Around them quickly gathered a company of dedicated people eager to learn the secrets of card skill and to get rich. Pectrum plunged into the world of crooked card games and learned the reasons why the gamblers are above all in the criminal hierarchy. How card sharks had escaped the top of the criminal world In the twenties of the last century, the Soviet authorities began actively hunting for the dishonest card players. In prisons there were hundreds of gamblers who...

Characters of many Russian fairy tales were real prototypes. And their names or distinctive traits formed the basis of the nicknames of the characters of Russian folklore. Pectrum tells the reader how the Fox has become a Bake and why the bones came to be called Immortal. Why the Serpent called dragon This character is familiar to many tales of heroes, this monster fought brave fellows. But that is why the Serpent Gorynych? The fact is that his nickname comes from the verb "to burn". In many epics, the Serpent was described as a three-headed monster is able to spit flames, burning everything in its path. It's also possible that this nickname is due to the fact that in the Slavic mythology was the God of Gorynya, head of the element of fire. There is another...

In 1909, the people on the streets of St. Petersburg saw with delight the graceful car. Racing body elegant gray and the Russian flag at the front fender looking, without exception,... Surprisingly, in the early XX century Russian car valued not less than the European, he participated in major competitions around the world and took top prizes at exhibitions. What car was the special pride of Russian designers and why? And what happened in the end with the Russian automotive industry? Pectrum gets behind the "wheel" legendary car "Russo-Balt". Machine Imperial Russia the First quite successful attempt to create a Russian production car was first recorded in 1896 — it was the car designers Yakovlev and Frese. However, production was halted after the death of...

The Criminal gang was operating in the capital in the difficult post-revolutionary years. Killed by going to dozens, among them most of the especially hated "the Avengers" policemen. Exemplary punishment became a popular "performance" of the gang. During the three years of activities of the "Black Avengers" grabbed more than four and a half million rubles, peeling cooperatives and big Industrialists, completely cutting and shooting their families. Pectrum is horrified, together with the public beginning of the XX century, estimating a terrible "harvest" one of the first groups of the new Russia. the Owners of Moscow a gang Leader in her best three years was Nikolai Safonov named Saban. The native of the Tambov province had in 1917 — the time of the...

Foreigners say that modern Russian women are persistent careerist. However, even a Russian girl with a strong character to the man will be treated with respect. As the fairer sex manages to combine two opposite — a mystery. Let's cut past the stereotypes about my wife-mistress. Russian women are keeping pace with the times. Foreigners notice the new benefits of the fair sex in Russia, sometimes you open your eyes and Russian men. Why a Russian wife — an excellent choice for a foreigner, and abroad love our women? There is a new appreciation for the dignity of the fair sex in Russia. Russian women know more about gadgets. In the twenty-first century the woman in Russia understands and loves technology and not asking for help when there are problems with the...

Antireligious policy of the Soviet Union affected all religious holidays. Especially vigorously the Communists tried to destroy the desire in people to celebrate the Orthodox Easter holiday. There to tell the reader how the Soviet Union tried to eradicate one of the main religious holidays. How did the struggle against religion in the USSR With the coming to power of the Bolsheviks launched an active anti-religious propaganda. In all cities of the country people were forbidden to go to Church, and the churches were closed or converted. The streets were hung anti-religious posters, ridiculing images of saints, priests and parishioners. At the same time actively developed the system of denunciations. Soviet citizens willingly "knocking" on their relatives...

Came to Australia at a young age, Michael was not able to fit in among peers, life in the city he didn't like. So he decided to go into the wild and live there. Pectrum introduces the reader to the story "Tarzan of the Russian" Mikhail Fomenko, who with his bare hands dealt with the crocodiles and wrestled with the sharks. How Michael found himself in Australia At the end of 30 years the Michael family moved from Georgia to Vladivostok, and from there to China. After Fomenko was in Japan, but with the beginning of world war II left her and went to Australia. There Michael and his three sisters went to the local school. The girls quickly found a common language with their peers, Michael has had it tougher. He is hard local English, he did not have time to...

The Great Patriotic war was not only on the battlefields, not less blood spilled spies behind enemy lines. In order to "feed" the German command, it is not enough just to implement agents. the Soviet intelligence went on. At the beginning of the great Patriotic war in the Soviet Union was born the mythical organization, "maintenance" of the Germans. The invaders believed that the Soviets want for their victory. It should be noted that for such naivety, the Germans paid dearly. How did the most successful in the history of Soviet operation "Monastery", and that had to be done by the Soviet intelligence? Pectrum gathered the most interesting information about the famous intelligence breaches. Operation "Monastery": the double game without errors the Theft of...

May 15, 1925 from the Solovki concentration camp managed to escape five men. The group was headed by the former captain of the Circassian regiment Yuri Bessonov. To Solovki he managed to get in 25 prisons, and in the last he was imprisoned on charges of counterrevolutionary activities. with the Bessonov run decided Sozerko Malsagov, a former white guard. He also managed to serve his sentence in several prisons, and in 1924 he was exiled to Solovki for crimes against the state, espionage and cooperation with foreigners. Also in the group of fugitives was two poles, Sazonov and Malpratice. During the escape from the camp they were joined by the Cossack Vasili Pribludy. Pectrum shares details the only successful escape from "Hell's Islands". the escape Plan...

Memorial meal of the Slavs followed immediately after the burial ceremony of the deceased. Great importance was given to the dishes that were served on the table. the Former pagan Slavs worshipped fire, earth, water and Family. Food served at the funeral, symbolizing each of these elements. There was transported a Millennium ago and learned what food and drinks were on the memorial tables of our ancestors. how to start a funeral dinner In the culture of the Slavs believed that the dead man must pass from the world of the living and the world of the dead through certain rituals. So, funeral luncheon immediately following the burial, was aimed at preparing for the transition. Traditionally, the first dish at the Wake was coliva, or kutya — wheat or rice...

Genre literary fiction has traditionally anticipated the world of scientific discoveries and inventions at all times. Jules Verne predicted space travel and video, ray Bradbury "invented" the system "smart house", and Robert Heinlein "showed" what may be the hand dryer. There is well turned to look for the works of the most famous Russian science fiction writers Strugatsky brothers. What was foreseen by the writers of the sponsors, had a huge impact on several generations of Soviet and then Russian citizens? the Prediction of pairs of famous chess Kasparov — Karpov Strictly speaking, the Strugatsky brothers can not be put on a par with the above science fiction. In his works, the writers adhered to the unique creative method, thanks to which their works...