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Pectrum

Articles on a range of subjects: history of Russia and the world, society, famous people, amazing events, unique places, curiosities past and present. A huge collection of jokes and jokes and fun and instructive stories from life.

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In Russia small dolls made from rags, was not only a toy for children. They were also powerful amulets, protecting the house from the evil spirits and the evil eye. Dolls could only do women and men even with one eye was not allowed to look at the needlework. For the manufacture of dolls-amulets used the best pieces of fabric and decorated them with embroidery. Untouched remained only the face. Sacred significance faceless dolls Ragdoll in Russia for centuries would do without. they are not embroidered, no eyes, no mouth, no nose. The reason was not laziness or lack of talent from the needle. The reason was superstition, common everywhere. Dolls of rags was very similar to humans, and any human figure could possess evil powers. Having descended into the...

At the end of the XIX century beautiful ladies were puffing like steam locomotives, and not inferior to men in addiction to cigarettes. In wealthy homes, Smoking after a meal turned into a real ceremony. Some wealthy people even had special rooms in which tobacco was lying right on the table. one Hundred years ago, people were convinced that Smoking was harmless fun. Moreover, some believed that nicotine helps to fight tuberculosis. Smoking adorns a woman Stately lady with an elegant cigarette holder and a cigarette, from which came a thin smoke, attracted the attention of men. Women Smoking not just to forgive, a habit considered a spicy twist. This attitude has led to the fact that by the beginning of XX century the weaker sex are not inferior to men in...

The Modern inhabitants and guests of the capital say about Nasty swamps: clear water surface, pacification and riot at the same time. "The world of wonderful surprises" — so called these places prose writer Yuri Markovich Nagibin. But it was not always so. Why are these wonderful places once find a bad reputation and have received such an unflattering name — "Rotten swamp"? the History of Chistye Prudy As you may have guessed, we are talking about the past Chistye Prudy. The story reports that up to 1703 pond (actually, it is only one) was called Filthy. The stench emanating from the only local pond, or rather swamp, could be heard for miles. At the beginning of the XVII century in the center of Chistoprudny Boulevard was a courtyard where he was held and...

Can you imagine that the whole Fort was only 30 thousand dollars? In the XIX century it for the same amount sold to the Russian fortress in California. However, the deal a year later invalidated. the Russian-American strongholds of Fort-Ross has a rich history. It was conceived as part of a Grand company for mining. But the destiny has disposed differently. Russian fortress in the United States Russian Fort Ross is California so far. The fortress was built in the best traditions of the early nineteenth century. Commercial and residential buildings are located behind a high wooden walls. Territory Laden with guns, albeit fake. But the Orthodox chapel at Fort Ross the real. Moreover, inside the chapel is consecrated Christian icon brought from Russia. Today...

In 1960 the location of the buttons on the phone could be another. Current users would be recruited numbers on the diagonals or triangles of numbers. Square panel of nine figures that the smartphone had inherited from keypad devices, today it would seem savagery. However, no triangles, no diagonal, no other daring concepts did not stick. Whether the choice of such location of the buttons on the phone randomly? a Serious approach In 1960 the American company who made cellular, approached the modernization of devices seriously. The age of rotary phones over. New portable device required a complete modernization. The main criterion is the speed and ease of dialing. Corporation AT&T has ordered a major study. Of the most daring and incredible options offered to...

In the family, Rabinovich was a joyful event: a young Cilecca gave birth to a son. Days and nights she was around him, tirelessly playing and nursing to sleep. But one day, much tired, Cilecca turned to her husband: — Fima, dear, could you put our Senecca to bed? — But still, my fish! — responded enthusiastically to the young father. — And sho need to do shoby Semyon quickly fell asleep? Oh, Fima, well, you have me an idiot or what? — grabbed his head Celia. — There on the shelf in the nursery is such a yellow thing, take her and toss Semyon immediately and go to sleep. — Okay, okay, my fish, don't swear! — waved husband. — I'll do the rest! With these words the man went into the room to the crying boy. Tsilechka settled on the couch to take a NAP, but it...

About the exploits of the scouts in tsarist Russia of legends, fathers talked about their children, and the government valued their weight in gold. Terror and panic have gripped the enemy when on their bellies crawling person. Today, few people know who these were the best scouts. It remains only stable expression about the way they move. "Scouts at Sevastopol". V. Perov Cossacks-scouts in short, the scouts called the king of the Cossacks without their horses, experienced scouts, observers, patrol soldiers. The word "Plastun" goes back to old Slavic "plesati" (to crawl). In ancient Chronicles says about the soldiers, who could "enemy hands posti" for hours before merging with the earth and watching the enemy. Officially a combat unit of the...

Many unbaptized people are afraid to go to an Orthodox Church, thinking that may violate any strict rules and hurt the feelings of believers and Ministers. In fact, the rules are not many and they are not so strict as it might seem to an ignorant person. Consider the most important. you Can be present nakrasana in the service First of all, you need to clearly understand: the Russian Orthodox Church does not prohibit the visiting of an Orthodox temple not only unbaptized people, but atheists, agnostics and members of any other religions. Anyone can go to Church, even during service. The only exception: according to Church canons, Nekrasova man cannot be present at the Liturgy, the morning service, and if more precisely, it is the part which is called the...

"Comrade, you'll be third?", "Realized for three?" these sayings from favorite Soviet films everyone knows. Why is "the third" so necessary to our favorite characters? Since ancient times, green snake chooses new victims, taking possession of their mind and body. Learn version, from which came the saying "to think on three." the Legend of Ancient Russia the Tradition is rooted in Ancient Rus and legends about the Snake Dragon. According to legend, the villagers were under the yoke of a three-headed dragon. Brought him to bow food and drink. One day someone donated the wine, a Snake so enjoyed the food that since then he required it. And if one of the heads accidentally poured more wine than the rest of the head began to whoop and to do evil. Because people...

Included in the Russian language with a light hand of Alla Pugacheva, the expression "real Colonel" most of us perceive as pretentious and a bit derisive description of the men. in reality, However, the idiom has an interesting history, with roots Dating back to the traditions of the military service with the king. "Oh, what was the man" the fact that "real" and "fake" in tsarist Russia, divided the retired military. These were called those who received the title during active military service. Retire servicemen left in the rank and was therefore the colonels on the right. Unreal the people were called military received the rank of Colonel at the same time with honorable dismissal from the service, thus quite often previously been rewarded for faithful and...

In the XVIII century in Germany there lived an astronomer and mathematician with a strange name — Grishov. Completely his name was Augustus Nathaniel Grishov. Today you can meet the Germans with equally colorful names. For example, the company "Palladio" owns Niko von Glazov. the Appearance of Russian names in Germany contributed to several factors. In Russia, by the way also caught and German names that evolved. the Ancient German names most of Russian surnames found in the Northern part of Germany. The most common are those which end in "ov" ("ow"). The bearers of these names lived in the medieval doneckoi the southern Baltic. Russia with this region at that time were very closely linked. The result of the earth filled with people with the names of Badr...

Together as a group of friends in the garage to drink. As usual, got drunk all to faint and dizzy, and then someone shouted: — Guys, and went around town ride? — Yes! Go! Start the engine! — was heard around drunken voices. Friends tried to be compacted into the car, somehow they got it. A drunk driver, looking around the cabin blearily: — No, guys, I understand everyone want to ride, but six of us out! A bit crowded! And if the cops get caught, then all, all will be fined. Need something to do... All thought, after a few minutes the cry rang out: — I came up with! As the traffic COP will see on the road, so one of us will bend down, and everything will be fine! Five of you can ride! Oh, Vasek, that's good! Let's do that! — supported his idea buddies and...

The Song "Murka" — a real anthem of thieves. Is it possible that this hymn — the scenario of a secret operation, which was done in the early XX century, and Mary — a police captain? In light of this theory every word in the song has value. After complete decryption of the text opens up a whole spy story, better than a Hollywood detectives. Who was the pussy? the thieves Odessa early XX century a woman could not become the leader of the gang. Ladies, of course, the gang was. As a rule, they were engaged in fraud, fortune-telling and seduction. Especially attractive, good living, stealing from wealthy gentlemen valuable things. Murka, obviously, was the leader of a gang. Or the chief of intelligence breaches. Woman in leather jacket, so even with a revolver —...

The Idea of using underwater vehicles for military purposes was put forward by Leonardo da Vinci. But the first prototype was built only in the XVII century in England. However, this boat could not be used in the war. the First military submarine called the hidden vessel was built under Peter I. its author was an illiterate carpenter Nikonov. That was a legendary submarine Peter the Great? "Secret vessel" project Yefim Nikonov Prokopevich the Petition about a secret ship Under Peter I Russian Navy has reached unprecedented greatness. That only cost the ships coming down with the Archangel shipyards! The Emperor paid great attention to the development of military Affairs. During his reign, scientists and inventors gave the green light to the most daring...

Osip Benyaminovich shore for his life pulled off dozens of scams. Which is only one of his journey from Moscow to his native Odessa! Over time, the way he has been a grandmaster, an artist and a fire inspector. All my life Shor interacted with eminent writers, Olesha, and Kataev. The latter even decided to describe some of the adventures of man in the book. So real Osip turned into a book Ostap. the Dreamer since childhood, Osip Shor Osip, or, as it was called native — Ostap, Benyaminovich Shor was born in Nikopol. But most of his life he lived in Odessa. Osip and his brother Nathan lived with his grandfather. From an early age he forced his boys to work for him. Grandfather Joseph was known in Odessa as a smuggler. So the little Osia knew all about the...