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Pectrum

Articles on a range of subjects: history of Russia and the world, society, famous people, amazing events, unique places, curiosities past and present. A huge collection of jokes and jokes and fun and instructive stories from life.

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In a small Ural town of Nevyansk is a unique in its kind a leaning tower. Unlike Kazan, soyembika tower, the tilt of the Leaning tower was conceived during the construction initially. Since construction began, the tower of Nevyansk was shrouded in secrets and mysteries. There was even talk that her basement was engaged in manufacturing fake coins. But this is not the only myth regarding the tower in the Urals. the Lightning rod on the Nevyansk tower was ahead of its time Tower of Nevyansk was built in the years 1721-1725 on the money of the family of Demidovs — the famous merchants and Industrialists. Nikita Demidovich Antufiev (Demidov), came to the Urals in 1701, began to develop smelting of metals. Of course, he had to live somewhere. Then she ordered to...

Wedding traditions of our ancestors, were strikingly different from the modern one. For example, the bride married not in the white dress and family goodbye, leaving the world of the living. But some wedding ceremonies have not changed since ancient times. Present the couple still call witnesses to the wedding and kiss the cries of "bitter". Where did the custom to shout it "bitter"? the Bitter hill Wedding ceremonies in Russia were required to perform as bride and groom. For example, before the wedding, the bride had herself to sew three outfits. And she had to embroider a shirt chosen. The groom had to give a ransom for the chosen girl not only her parents, but her friends. The wedding ceremony itself was also subject to many traditions. So, in most...

Present at the site of today's well-maintained, bright Khitrovka in Moscow fetid market, where seasoned criminals of all stripes, vagrants and beggars, is not easy. But just over a hundred years ago, everyone here was so. One of the most criminal district of Moscow tried to avoid not only good citizens, but also representatives of authorities and law enforcement. The glory of Khitrovo was very bad. Khitrovskaya square. The winter of 1916. Market "numerati" traces its history Khitrovka since the restoration of Moscow after the fire of 1812. Major-General Nikolai Khitrovo, the former son-in-law of Kutuzov, on the cheap, bought a few charred buildings together with the land close to his Moscow mansion was demolished and opened their place of trade rows. The...

During the Second world war, the Soviet helmet was considered a great trophy for a German soldier. Some soldiers willingly threw protective headgear manufactured in Germany. the Motivations for this are revealed after the war, when conducted extensive testing of the German and Soviet helmets. Between the ammunition and found a lot of differences. German helmets: the trials of bullets After the war, a special Commission conducted tests which involved two Soviet helmets and German helmets of the six models. The study evaluated not only the main parameter is the composition of the steel. The helmet was subjected to direct fire from weapons. the helmet is shot out of vitovec Mosin from a distance of 800 meters and revolver from a distance of a few steps. In...

Branches of the secret Metro-2 are deeper than the public path. To prove the existence of a hidden underground no one has yet succeeded. However, the fact of the matter is found strange objects or underground passages. Moscow diggers are convinced that Metro 2 exists. Under Ramenki, for example, is hidden a city-hopper, and the station "Red Gate" — the entrance to an ancient underground prison. Prison of Ivan the terrible Underground passages under the Kremlin began to build long before the invention of the subway. In the XX century the archaeologists found a secret cave where they waited for the interesting finds: several skeletons in armor of the fifteenth century. Historians believe that Moscow is a network of catacombs. Some flooded ground, some hidden....

Official data indicate that at least two major treasure is in Russia once a year. The unofficial figure is much more impressive. "Black diggers" is simply not going to share found treasures with the state. the Historical documents give a tip on dozens of legendary missing treasures in our country. And it's not just the material values and cultural heritage of Russia. the Ancient lost treasures One of the coveted treasure — the Golden horses of Batu, grandson of Genghis Khan, the great Mongol Khan. The researchers say that is entirely made of gold life-size horses adorns the main entrance to the city the Saray-Batu capital of the Golden Horde. There is evidence that following the Mongol Khan Berke of the Golden horses moved somewhere in the area of today's...

Openly show their feelings to any colleague can not every man. Especially if he doesn't want to give cause for gossip in the office. Beyond the usual helpfulness and courtesy can lie deeply hidden feelings. Take a look, maybe to you someone is breathing unevenly, and you don't notice? There is steeped in the male psychology and find out what signs say that you fell in love at work. It uses non-verbal signals Caught ever on his view of male colleagues sitting opposite in the office? Probably, thus he wanted to show his interest in you. Men seeking to make a relationship work with any woman, show your interest with body and facial expressions. For example, during your speech at an important meeting, a colleague constantly picking at your tie or touching the...

Bears in Russia I read, however, these animals were associated with the most brutal fun. The bears were not only in views, but in bloody battles. the Era of "bear fun" in Russia ended tragically: the animals were destroyed by the thousands. What fun fell out of favor, and why was so cruel towards animals is the solution? "Fight the bear". Reproduction V. nahornova Royal fun In the XVII century, every noble house was a kennel. Kept there not just dogs. In separate cages lived brown bears, which are produced only for performance. There was even a special profession — medvedici. These people were animal trainers and assistants, and Directors. On pcarena the yard, there were different bears. Those animals that will never seen, called "scientists," that is...

Russian ofen — the descendants of the ancient Greeks. Even the name they took from the inhabitants of Athens. The followers of the secret society "the Athenians" in the fifteenth century was everywhere. So what was ofen to obtain such an effect? the descendants of the ancient Greeks had their own jargon. Familiar with all the word "kimarite" is their invention. The study of language ofen, he was engaged by his predecessor. The compiler of this dictionary found interesting words in the jargon ofen. the Secrets of a secret society At the end of summer from the city flunky center ofinskoe culture — people came out strange looking. Outwardly, they resembled peasants, however, were dressed richer. Travelers sported bright pants, harem pants, nice shirts and...

In the dense forests in the Krasnoyarsk region live more than 10,000 members of the sect of Vissarion. It in 1991 founded the Sergei Torop, the self-proclaimed Jesus Christ. religious Orders in the communes of the reigning pretty tough. All members of the community should be engaged in heavy physical labor and to give a tenth of their income for the benefit of their God. During collection of the most interesting details about how life for the followers of the sect of the Church of the last Testament in Siberia. the Community of a single faith Vissarion the Founder of the sect of Sergei Torop, called Vissarion by themselves later in childhood was not very religious. But in six years for the boy's upbringing came from his grandmother who adhere to old...

A Shepherd in Russia could have become not every peasant. The preference was given to outsiders from other villages the unmarried men aged and orphans. These workers fed the whole village and in turn took a hold and tried to ease their life and not engage them in conflict. The fact that shepherds were attributed special magical abilities. "On pasture". A. Stepanov Prohibitions and restrictions Occasionally, shepherd was a local resident — for example, if poor health or other objective circumstances of life a man could not do heavy work in the field. But in this case the shepherd is not very respected and simply endured. But to the alien "specialists" had a special relationship. Very often unsociable and spend most of their life the shepherds would serve as...

Underground city "in Ramenki-43" is designed for 15 thousand people, has its own generators and food stocks. The city is a huge bunker and intended for rescue of people in case of nuclear attack. the Ramenki station is one of the branches of the secret "Metro-2". When on the surface it triggers an ATOM in the metro will work hermanator, cutting off people's way to the surface. Who will open the way to the underground city-bunker? Secret line D6 In the 70-ies of XX century, when the system is D6, or, as people call it, "Metro-2", was being built, about her no one knew. Rumors of a secret underground crawling in 1992. After the collapse of the Soviet Union suddenly announced the people who built or serviced the secret branch. for Example, in 1991, appeared in...

Stalin's Toast, which he spoke in the Kremlin in 1945, exists in three versions. It is believed that after pronouncing Stalin personally made the edits. The Newspapers got the edited version. On the meaning of toast historians still argue. Someone claims that Stalin expressed his sincere admiration. Others believe that the Commander intends to downplay the contribution of small nationalities in a boiler victory. "the great Russian people." M. Khmelko the Appeal to the Soviet people Great Patriotic war was a severe test not only for people but also for guidance. Lavrenti Beria wrote in his diaries: "the Second war I will not stand". Organized a reception in the St. George hall of the Kremlin, was particularly solemn. the Controversial toast Stalin said at...

Linden is one of the most popular tree species for different products, e.g. toys. And even honey harvested from lime trees is highly valued among sweet lovers. And many beekeepers are offended when the honey collected by bees from lip, consider fake. In fact it is not — a real honey! So why is a beautiful and useful tree has become synonymous with fake? printing Fake in the old days At the dawn of the printing press to create prints of letters used metal plates. Since metal was expensive, at first made a cliché out of wood. And the best way to fit this lime. Its wood is very soft and pliable. But with her help and made blanks for the metal plate. And lime used to create seals. the Royal printing fraudsters forged willingly. Just something I had to take a...

Any Russian fluently will be able to describe modern Gopnik, but not everyone will be able to reveal the essence of the word. the notion, as some linguists, quite old, rooted in tsarist Russia. Let us examine the theories of origin "Gopnik". GOP with Smyk Experts on prison jargon, what Gopnik is primarily the one who does the "GOP-stop". Translating again with the slang, it's a quick robbery by taking the person to fear. And hence the idiom "to take on GOP-stop". The notion of a hijacking is quite old, but in the nineteenth century, it often sounded like "GOP with Smyk". Hop — a jump, a sudden blow, and Smyk — abbreviated word "smeknut" or "slip", that is literally to move quickly. Gopnik acted on the principle: to descend suddenly, to discourage the victim...