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Pectrum

Articles on a range of subjects: history of Russia and the world, society, famous people, amazing events, unique places, curiosities past and present. A huge collection of jokes and jokes and fun and instructive stories from life.

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The Lamps appeared in everyday life at the dawn of Christianity. Fearing persecution, the early Christians often met in caves, where the lamps used for lighting. But in addition to disperse the darkness, the lamps had another appointment. The lamps symbolized the uncreated Light of Christ, without which, people would be wandering in the dark. The tradition to light them before the icons appeared a little later. What is said about the lampstands in the Bible In the Bible about lampstands says a lot. For example, the prophet Moses, God himself, the Creator pointed out that the temples must light the lamps. This responsibility rests on the shoulders of Aaron and his sons. They had to light the lamps from evening until morning. It is particularly important to...

The walls of the Vladimir Central store no less secret than the and prison "Crosses". In the cells of this prison were there is what for many years would prefer to forget. Forget about the many famous people who have visited the Vladimir Central prison. Meanwhile, even a famous last name and relationship with the higher ranks of the Soviet Union could not deliver sentence in this prison. So who was the most famous prisoner, and why about the prison wrote a song Michael Krug? To Siberia — via Vladimir Tsentral In tsarist Russia, the majority of criminals exiled to prison in Siberia. It takes many days, and not all the convicts lived to the place of punishment. Therefore, Empress Catherine II ordered the construction on Vladimirsky tract, leading in Siberia...

"Lady Liberty" which greets the ships in new York, weighs 240 tons. A third of the weight of the copper cladding of the statue. In the late nineteenth century one ton of copper cost $ 2,500. "Lady" costly to the United States. the Question of what built the main symbol of the United States, is still open. Documents confirming the origin of copper, no. Eyewitnesses of the construction of the long dead. What actually built American woman with a torch? "Lady Liberty": the hand separately from the body the Americans belongs the pedestal of the statue. The figure of "Lady Liberty" was designed and produced in France. Support and the frame developed a Thick Eifel, the "father" of the Eiffel tower. For the cladding of the statue of Liberty was used by the Russian...

The Reform of 1861 were not satisfied with the landowners and the peasants. Across the country riots broke out, the suppression of which took a lot of time and effort. the Decree abolishing serfdom wanted to publish and Alexander I, and Nicholas I. But under the influence of close people and the political situation they abandoned the idea. Pectrum tells the reasons why ex-serfs who became free did not mean the freedom to enjoy. "the liberation of the peasants (Read Manifesto)". Boris Kustodiev the Development of a Secret Committee In the period from the beginning to the middle of the XIX century in Russia there were more than two thousand peasant uprisings. The serfs were dissatisfied with the landowner bondage and back-breaking amounts of dues and barwin...

In 1991 the state Bank of storage disappeared 11 billion. In addition, the disappeared, the stock of gold, amounting at the time, 240 tons. As it turned out, 240 tons — a shockingly small number. In 1985 in the Golden Fund kept about 2,400 tons of the precious metal. In the six years of treasures literally evaporated. Find "Gold party" has failed the Russian secret services, nor the detectives of the elite American Agency. Fatal foreign exchange reserves "Gold party" surrounded by a halo of strange deaths. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 occurred in succession three strange suicides. In the summer, the Windows of his house found Nikolay Kruchina — administrator of Affairs of the CPSU Central Committee. He oversaw the party deposits in foreign...

After the 1917 revolution in the USSR began not to hold graduation parties, and night. First special celebrations on this day was not just the graduates were congratulated and received certificates. On a large scale graduation in the Soviet Union began to celebrate in the fifties. after Learning about the upcoming prom, the parents clutching his head — where to get so much money? Many had months to save up and borrow from family and friends, just to collect a child at the graduation. the Place of the prom in the USSR As to rent the restaurant for all graduates was very expensive, the Soviet prom held in the school. To do this in Assembly halls were active in training. It was there in a solemn ceremony the graduates received certificates. Many girls don't...

There are people in Russia who do not like. Not for anything specific, but simply because they belong to some group. Sooner or later the person finds himself or among those who do not love, or among those who condemn others. If you own a small factory, working in the utilities or live in Moscow — learn about yourself a lot. Don't forget to look at their neighbors — rather, they dislike you. Who in Russia do not like the most and why Russian is not to overcome existing social stereotypes? Pectrum drew attention to the most unwanted characters in Russia. the Rich also cry the easiest and fastest way to riches is deceit. Wealthy people in the eyes of Russians simply can not be honest. The concept of highly paid skilled labor in Russia has not yet caught on. In...

Winemakers Exhibition of 1900 in Paris came to an end. According to tradition, its Chairman, a well-known snob, count Chandon, raised his glass with unsurpassed, as always winning French champagne... unknown winemaker Golitsyn, a large and good-natured rumbling, replied from the other end of the table: "thank you, count, for advertising, made in France my champagne you are drinking now..." In the glass of the astonished Chandon sparkle of Crimean champagne is the winner of "Paradise". There is quite a bit SIP of sparkling Golitsyn to get a better look at the history of the best Russian champagne, and its Creator, Prince Lev Golitsyn. "Mad lion" Lev Sergeyevich Golitsyn About Prince Lev Sergeyevich were a lot of jokes, and not in vain. Personality he was...

In Russia the bells appeared at the end of the X century, almost simultaneously with the baptism of the Russian people. Orthodox bell ringing was different, and different still from ringing in the temples of other faiths. But not only the sound stood out Russian bells. They always had a special relationship, the bells could easily be punished for a loud ringing at the wrong time. Why suffer not ringers, and the tools of their labor? How the bell became exiles and Lykov In Russia so loved the ringing of bells that at times it drowned out all other sounds. Being on the street, people sometimes simply could not communicate with each other. The chime of Church bells sounded on the major and minor religious holidays. Also alarm bells heralded some kind of...

Black-marketeers in the Soviet Union was an almost cult-like people. Black marketeering at the time was engaged in a well-known businessman Tinkov and producer Ajzenshpis. For "fartsa" could easily go to prison or even be sentenced to death. the Names and contacts of the black marketeers were passed from mouth to mouth as the coveted badge of the Soviet man in the world of beauty, fashion, and at least a semblance of material well-being. worked As black-marketeers and who were they? Pectrum looks under the counter secret "fartsa". Serious business Passion for fashion, the Soviet people were worsening — either because of the restrictions and prohibitions, or because of the mentality. However, the light industry of the USSR could not meet her in the shops...

Carsten Rode, a German by birth, who served on the Danish king, managed to become a true Corsair of Ivan the terrible. He even received an official letter with permission to plunder foreign ships and kill people. Carsten Rohde began the history of Russian piracy in the Baltic sea in some way he was to continue the tradition of fearsome pirates. German pirate gathered under his command a large fleet, successfully carrying out the king's orders. Pectrum tells how Russian corsairs under the leadership of the Race were the Bane of the Baltic sea and its coast. Of the merchants in the Russian pirates Carsten Rohde was born in Germany, but was a subject of the king of Denmark Frederik II. For a time he was a merchant and had his own ship, taking the trading...

When we say that someone has a shabby appearance, we mean that he is dressed sloppy. But why this phrase mean the Sluts? Some linguists believe that the roots of the word "shabby" out in the reign of Peter I. And the other associated "shabby clothes" with a meal at the Seminary. So who is right? What does Peter have to do with the shabby mind , Shortly before Peter the great sat on the throne, in Yaroslavl, and the family lived Zatrapeznov (according to other sources — Zatrapeznaya). The head of the family Simon was a merchant and together with his two sons had several benches. They sold various goods dyeing and dyed fabric. Zatrapeznov also owned a sawmill, a mill and a brick factory. In short, the family needed and benefited their city. But in 1703 in...

During the life of Lenin attempted three times, and the last attempt was successful. But after the death of the leader of the revolution not left alone. the Mausoleum where lay the coffin with Lenin, Soviet citizens was a place of worship. However, there were those who did not agree with the policy of the Soviet Union, and in this idolatry. Pectrum found out what motivated those who committed the assassination attempt on Lenin in the Mausoleum. farm Worker with counterrevolutionary views In 1924, the solemn premises of the embalmed body of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin in a specially-built Mausoleum. Immediately the body has reached hundreds of thousands grieving the loss of people. For a long time in the Mausoleum happened is nothing out of the ordinary. But in...

Sergey Krikalev is one of the most famous Russian astronauts were in space at the time of the collapse of their country. The pilot flew out of the Soviet Union, and to the earth it returned in another state. For this legendary and highly protracted flight of cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev, the first among his colleagues received the title of Hero of Russia award medal "gold Star" № 1. How did our astronaut has been "forgotten" in space and unplanned spent almost a year? Flight plan the Next space expedition with Soviet pilots went to the station "Mir" in 1991. The crew was led by commander Anatoly Arcebarsky, a flight engineer was Sergei Krikalev. Russian joined the Briton Helen Sharman, who in a week was back to Earth with the previous mission with the "World."...

In 2011, Vladimir Putin while scuba diving was found on the bottom of the Black sea with two ancient amphorae. Such an extreme vacation for the President is common practice. On a press-conferences on a question on how the President spends his free time, Vladimir Putin said that works. Politician, of course, told not serious. Vacation the head of state are saturated. His love for active recreation even for foreign citizens. How spare time is the busiest man in Russia, and why the President chooses extreme leisure time? Pectrum allowed himself to look into the reports about the personal life of Vladimir Putin. the President's Schedule: activity policy the Unexpected gifts that the President receives every year, say that he is a man of versatile. Loves animals...