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Pectrum

Articles on a range of subjects: history of Russia and the world, society, famous people, amazing events, unique places, curiosities past and present. A huge collection of jokes and jokes and fun and instructive stories from life.

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In the late twenties in the prisons and camps of the Soviet Union, a struggle of origano with ghanami. Dividing the new political system the criminals have taken to eradicate former white officers opposed to the new government. Origano acted with the full approval of the government and with the help of prison guards and supervisors. The actions of criminal authorities was not accompanied by bloodshed. On the contrary, the bandits acted psychologically. Pectrum looked into the Soviet prison to find out who won in the confrontation. Who are gigani and origano prior To the twentieth century by origano called a portion of the convicts, which were especially dangerous criminals. Over time, so we began to call those who committed daring crimes and religiously...

On a desert island Sergey Petrovich Lisitsyn found himself on his own stupidity, unlike "the Russian Tarzan" from people voluntarily. Having drunk superfluous, he pissed off the captain of the ship, and he, without thinking, dropped the brawler on the island. Despite the noble origins, Lisitsyn did not sit idly by. He managed to settle down on an island in the sea of Okhotsk and even to repel the attack of Chinese pirates! Gusarov — in "Robinsons" Sergey Lisitsyn was raised in the best traditions of the Russian nobility. He knew no failure, and all his whims were carried out immediately. Growing up, Lisitsyn studied at the University and could become a mathematician. But he chose the military and enrolled in the hussar regiment, immersed in gay life. There...

Grave cross with a roof appeared in Russia long before her baptism. But the first written mention of the cross-cabbage rolls can be found in the legends of the X century and in the "tale of bygone years". the Installation of a memorial cross was an integral part of the Slavic funeral rites. To this worship the cross carried the ashes of the deceased, and then came to remember him. Pectrum says, what was needed unusual tombstones, and why I forgot about them. looked Like a cross-holubec Slavic cabbage rolls, or golbeza, made entirely of wood. On a thick base installed base and trunk, followed by a small house-Shrine, and above it installed a gable roof. Upper part of the gravestone was similar to the ordinary cabin, and it was not by accident. During burial...

Trading network that United the USSR all the shops, taking the currency since 1961, was called "birch" in 1967. Stores with the same name become a real symbol of luxury consumption in the Union. Direct access to the coveted shelves were only diplomats, athletes and artists. Sometimes doctors and engineers travel. In rare cases, the intelligentsia, receiving fees for articles in foreign editions and translations of works in foreign languages. Simple Soviet man "Birch" could not get there. What is so attracted the attention of Soviet citizens in this network? Pectrum dismantle the shelves of the famous Soviet luxury shop. the Privilege of currency "Birches" at First, the stores "birch" was used only for the foreigners. The first point of the network began to...

In the first two weeks of February 1918 in the Russian Republic has not happened a single event. Yes, 1918 is 13 days shorter than the usual calendar year. Earth, of course, faster to revolve around the Sun did not, but the first February days really is not in the calendar. the Church calendar, the revolution was ignored. As a result of Western and Eastern Christians celebrate religious holidays on different days. Why did the Bolsheviks refused the usual Julian calendar? Calendar reform: lost time In 1918, was the longest night: from 31 January to 13 February. The country switched to the Gregorian calendar. The Bolsheviks considered another project of the reformation. It was supposed to reduce every year for 24 hours, then 13 years later date in Russia...

Peter I was special "penalty" a glass with a volume of 600 milliliters. Late drank to the bottom. There were rumors that "penalty" has killed several foreign guests. Late ambassadors, drank a pint of alcohol, fell dead. the First Russian Emperor really believe the "father" of the famous traditions. Why Peter the great introduced a "penalty" shot, and what other alcoholic innovations attributed to the Emperor? the Penalty shots to Peter I Strictly speaking, the idea of "free" glasses does not belong to Peter. Tradition emerged long before the emergence of Russia in Ancient Greece. In the I century BC the ancient Greek feasts become a cult event. The amount of food and drink is never regulated. However, the rules of etiquette is strictly observed. According...

People in bright clothes, confidently strode through red square, have nothing to do with native Muscovites. Currently a resident of the capital looks and behaves quite differently. Little thinks, therefore, visitors are often confused with indigenous. a Native Muscovite is the one who doesn't look like a Muscovite. Unpleasant image of the capital was formed by the provincials. Too much people from small towns want to emphasize their status. As a result, residents themselves have become the attraction. That there is the Kremlin, with its secrets, when the streets you will meet the living collections of stereotypes and strange habits. looks Like the average resident of the capital, and why native Muscovite is easily distinguished from the provincial? Pectrum...

More and more teenagers are living by the rules of the underworld, thieves without being. Subculture AUE bend under him, and disadvantaged children, and children from good families. a major role in popularizing motion AUE played online. Social networks are not ashamed to openly throw slogans "Life to thieves, death to the cops". So why are students actively join a criminal subculture and even go on the offense? What is AUE and how to distinguish the representatives of this movement the concept of "AUE" appeared not so long ago. And the question, what does AUE, there are two answers. This abbreviation stands for "Criminal Irelandthe Unity". Or "the Prisoner's Life are one." The emergence of the concept of AUE are criminals of the nineties, sitting in prison...

In the mountains of North Ossetia is a real necropolis of the ancients. Discovered the remains of more than 700 years. Striking not only for their age, but the number. According to various sources in the "City of the dead" buried more than 10 thousand people. the Necropolis is characterized by complex architecture. In order to accommodate as many vaults on a small piece of land, the ancient settlers had to be resourceful. the Secrets of the necropolis "the city of the dead" consists of houses with small square Windows. Structure is not the same. Conditionally the city is from the vaults of three types. First, the highest — represent ground tombs with unusual roofs. Shingles are laid so that the formed steps. "Ladders" water rolls down perfectly. Other...

In Ancient Russia, it happens sometimes: not the wife went to live in the house of the husband, and Vice versa. In such cases, the bride and groom interchanged, giving guy, not a girl, and he collected my shower and dowry. In this unconventional marriage of the groom called "Primak", and he had fewer rights than his wife. "Before the crown". F. Zhuravlev the Tradition of bride kidnapping the Concept of traditional marriage was in pagan times and after the baptism of Rus. First and foremost, the fact that the ancient Slavs willingness of the girl to leave or not to marry a specific person was important, and not only was taken into account, but often become decisive. This was very common so called ritual of abduction — abduction of the bride. This tradition...

In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev was held in the USSR, a major anti-alcohol campaign. It was the fifth attempt by the authorities to wean the Russian people to drink. But a direct ban could not stop the inhabitants of the country of the Soviets. If they wanted to drink, we always found a way to get alcohol. There is studied how the alcoholic drinks appeared on the tables in the bypass prohibition in the USSR. Clandestine brewing Moonshine made in Russia since ancient times, and in the USSR it drove almost every village house. And make moonshine it could be anything ranging from apples and potatoes and ending almost with joiner's glue. This phenomenon was even reflected in the book "12 chairs", where in one Chapter, Bender said, "Some people like the taburetovka,"...

The First vending machines could appear in the USSR in the thirties. At the time to introduce them offered Anastas Mikoyan, calling for the introduction of the fishing day. But his idea found no support from the authorities. the advent of vending machines for different things and even services began in the fifties. Initially, machines were brought from abroad, but then established its own production and even upgraded them. Over time machines have become the favorites of children and adults. the Base "Avtomattorg" In the mid-fifties in the Soviet Union began to appear the first vending vending machines. Of course, then they are so no one called, they were just vending machines. The first batch of machines for the sale of drinks were purchased in Europe and...

In the Spring of 1980, the command of the Baltic fleet arrived in Moscow. It seemed that the Soviet Union stands on the threshold of a new war, this time with Sweden. At the end of the twentieth century between countries really almost started an open clash. At the waters of Sweden in the Baltic sea in 1980, he invaded the Soviet submarine. Rather, the Swedish military were convinced that spotted the Russian submarine. Russian submarines — offenders? In 1980, Moscow hosted an emergency meeting. Vladimir Sidorov, commander of the Baltic fleet — asked one question: why did the Soviet boats to break the peace? The Swedish military has recorded the sound of a submarine, with impunity, violate the borders of neighboring States. The Soviet Union was on the brink...

"to Live a solitary man" — not just a funny phrase, which came from medieval Russia. In the XV century called loners are quite specific to men, and no one wanted them to marry. Often bachelors to die alone. the Loners called modern men. What man need to do to get the unflattering nickname, and the modern loners differ from traditional? the etymology of the word Even to a layman it is clear that the word "solitary man" — borrowed. In Russian language it came from Swedish. In the Nordic countries boabyl — wage worker without private property. Latvians and Romanians the loners used to call people who don't want to work and live on the neck of society. to Live a solitary man — so do not show any interest to society. The loners definitely was single and lonely...

For violation of some unspoken rules, the alien will get off public condemnation. The violation of other will attract the attention of the police. What Russia should not do it, better to know in advance. What exactly Russia should not be done, and as a foreigner to avoid conflicts with the population and the police? Pectrum chose the most useful tips, compiled by foreigners after a visit to Russia. According to foreigners, Russians don't smile. The first mistake that allows a visitor to Russia — starts to smile at strangers. Passers-by such friendliness annoying. Especially in the metro or public transport. Russian smile — is not just a courtesy, a feature reflecting the real mood. Russian manage a smile to Express sympathy and aggression, use different...