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In the ecosystems of the near future will dominate the small, short-lived insectivorous animals, generalists, able to adapt to a wide range of environmental conditions — rodents, passerines and so on. Less adaptable species are"specialists", especially large — like rhinos, or eagles, is likely to be the victims of a new global extinction and disappear. Eigenbrod Felix (Felix Eigenbrod) and his colleagues from Southampton University have analyzed 15 484 the appearance of modern mammals and birds, assessing key characteristics that define their role in ecosystems: body weight, number of offspring, size of property, food and the like. According to the red data book of International Union for conservation of nature, for each animal species were taken into...

In Hale, England, in the seaside beach found a giant jellyfish. On it informs the British edition The Sun. 73-year-old Ken Townend (Ken Townend) was walking the dog and noticed in the sand something unusual. Coming closer, he realized it was a dead jellyfish. According to Townend, he's never seen anything like it, so Medusa was huge. These sea creatures are called barrel jellyfish. Their sizes can reach up to 90 centimeters in diameter and weighs 35 pounds. They usually inhabit deeper waters, however, due to warming out closer to shore to get food. This type of jellyfish is not dangerous to humans. Experts believe that the summer their beaches will increase significantly. According to Dr. Peter Richardson (Peter Richardson) from the Society for the...

Fungi play a key role in the biosphere, decomposing dead organic matter, and again bringing these substances into circulation. It is assumed that without them would not have happened full "colonization" sushi in other organisms. And this feature mushrooms perform hundreds of millions of years. According to various sources, their occurrence relates to the period between 740 million and 1.1 billion years ago. However, until now the oldest evidence of fossil remains, dated to only about 400 million years. However, in an article published in the journal Nature, describes a new discovery that increases this period more than doubled. It Gave Emmanuelle (Emmanuelle Javaux) and her colleagues from the Belgian University of liège in Belgium describe the specimen...

Parasitic nematodes penetrating into the body of beetles-stag beetles, make these insects apathetic and passive, dulling their instincts and "helping" predators to eat them. The description of these "invisible puppeteers" was published in the journal PLoS One. "We showed that even if a parasite does not kill its current host, it significantly impairs their ability or inclination to defend itself and to repel the attacks of competitors. Overall, these changes in their behavior was not very visible, but they are manifested in key time. No animal would lose the ability to defend themselves in that moment, when he is attacked the predator," said Andrew Davies (Andrew Davis) from the University of Georgia in Athens (USA). In recent years, biologists have...

The researchers found that crows can infect relatives with their emotions — and appears to be exclusively negative. Researchers under the leadership of Jesse Andriesse (Jessie Andriaense) from the University of Vienna studied common ravens (Corvus corax) in the presence of the ability to render emotional influence on each other. Specialists conducted a series of experiments in which participated eight birds (five males and three females). at First the birds were given two different boxes: one of them contained a meal — cheese, the other was empty. When the ravens have learned the location of each box, they were given the third box in the new place: like a bird reacted to this box, reported cognitive distortion, which can be interpreted as optimism or...

Herbivorous giants — Diplodocus, Brachiosaurus and other sauropods — were too large and could only rely on all four powerful legs. However, their earlier and smaller relatives in the course of life dramatically changed gait, rising from four legs to two. This amazing transition was discovered by paleontologists from the British Royal veterinary College. who Lived more than 200 million years ago mussouri for a long time was known only from the remains of the young, extremely tiny — no more mouse. However, not so long ago was discovered and adult specimens that have already reached several meters in length. Unlike the cubs, they moved on two legs, as indicated by the decrease in the relative size of the forelimbs. This transition was confirmed in the work of...

Female bonobos help their adult sons to find partners for mating. Mother lead the young to the females, ready to mate and repel other males rivals. Reproductive success of males under the patronage of the mother increases three times, the researchers report in Current Biology. the Influence of mothers on the survival and reproductive success of daughters is well known among many species of animals (e.g., gophers, rats or deer). The same influence of mothers on sons so far, however, it was known only in humans and killer whales (Orcinus orca). I wonder what is typical for these species for a long period of fetal development, as well as a very long postreproductive period: young remain with the parents until full puberty. While the mother can stay with the...

People's Desire to have a dog more than 50 percent attributable to genetic factors, found by Swedish scientists. In the future it will help to understand how the genetics of human influence on the process of domestication of dogs, as well as talk about the genetic aspect of the positive influence of dogs on human health and human life, scientists write in Scientific Reports. Dogs — one of the first animals tamed by man: the archaeological evidence suggests that the first domesticated species inhabited the Earth more than 15 thousand years ago. Over time, the dogs guard the animals and the hunt turned into companions, family members, and assistants, for example, of guide. In addition, studies show that dog lovers are more good physical and mental health...

The Majority of the world's cultivated crops depend on insect pollinators, especially bees and bumblebees. Many of their species under threat of extinction, as long scientists warn. Blaming pesticides, climate change, parasites. Obviously, the bees should be kept, but exactly how is unclear. In the beginning in the United States noted that the number of honey bees has decreased significantly. Entomologist Marla Spivak of the University of Minnesota now reports that the hives two times less than in the mid-twentieth century. In her opinion, the problems arose after the Second world war, when the changed methods of farming. the Farmers have stopped planting clover and alfalfa, began to intensively apply herbicides, achieving a reduction of weeds, many of...

The Oceans and in our space age is full of mysteries and suspense. Every year scientists find dozens of new species. However this is mainly small fish, crustaceans Yes molluscs, but scientists do not exclude that there are far more big creatures that are still not fall into the hands of man. But, as shown by the following story, even if the creature you caught the person, it can still disappear without a trace and he then will not be the slightest mention. In 1905 the newspaper "San Francisco Call" has reported that on 20 September 1905 off the coast of Honolulu, Hawaii, a fisherman had caught a very unusual fish. Fisherman in wonder and he called her a fish-frog, because she had gills and fins, but besides that the fish were well-developed limbs and feet...

American teenager captured on camera a creature resembling the famous monster during a family vacation in the canadian national Park Banff. 17-year-old Matthew D'amico of Florida was walking through the national Park, when the banks of the bow river saw a strange object in the water. It was shaped like the legendary monster of Loch ness. He was sure that was a picture of the unknown "prehistoric animal", which is a relative of the Loch Ness monster, writes DailyStar. "After an hour of Hiking we stopped on a hill with great views of the bow river, where my sister and I saw something that resembled a prehistoric animal. I drew it to the attention of my sister, and she too stood in shock from what they saw," said the teenager. He managed to do a few pictures...

Every morning this week, residents of the village of Krylov brings new trouble: at night, unknown beast had taken to destroy the livestock and poultry. Affected more than ten households. Phenomenon faced by residents of streets Soviet, Michurin, Kalinin, Bagration, and some others in the private sector, turned out to be as terrible as they were mysterious. the Unknown animal had taken to destroy all life, living in sheds, cages and flocks, placed at five feet from the ground in areas of Magnitogorsk resident. "The beast attacks the farm, killing animals and birds (chicken coops, rabbit hutches and so on). Breaks grill, netting and fencing, breaks out doors in cages and sheds. Digs a tunnel under the fence in weak areas just breaks a passage. Near poisoned...

In the U.S. state of Georgia, a woman was found on the beach unusual fish. This publication reports the Daily Star. Malia burrows (Burrows Maleah) was walking her baby on the coast of the island of Saint Simons. From a distance the woman noticed a dead fish lying on the sand. She decided to show her three year old son, but when they came closer, they found that the teeth of the creature are very similar to human teeth. "I was in shock because I never seen anything like it!" — said the American. Burrows took a picture of a remarkable discovery and showed my friends who also said that the first time I meet such a fish. In the pictures seen that her jaw is full of round teeth, arranged in several rows. Found burrows kapkowski fish called carp, which is...

GABA, Fofie (j ba fofi) translated from the dialect of the Baka tribe from Congo means "giant spider". This creature is a frequent visitor of local fairy tales and stories, however, scientifically, its existence is not confirmed. For the world giant spider of the Congo is no more real than Bigfoot or the Loch Ness monster. However, the world learned about this thing relatively recently, once in 2008 Kangalassky giant spider was mentioned in the American paranormal series "Monster Quest" and was released at the same time, the book Explorer William Gibbon. Informed from different African countries also from time to time there have been reports about the observation of very large spiders unknown species. In 1890, in Uganda, a British missionary Arthur Simes...

The main bus station, an experienced guide Hwange national Park in Zimbabwe, was on one of the observation decks with their tourists. They watched intelligent and playful animals – African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), which recently completed a successful hunt for a Kudu and was resting in the shade. Near Calvet with his band was another car with tourists. But not only the visitors to the Park watched the pack. Later she saw a lioness, one of the daughters of the infamous the lion Cecil. Now she takes care of her cubs and is in a national Park and something of a celebrity with all the interest her life. Without thinking, the lion started to chase animals and soon caught one of the dogs. Caught in the jaws of the predator, the African wild dog motionless...