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Paleontologists described the fossils of the oldest elizarovo, a relative of modern spiders, Scorpions and mites, said in Nature. This animal's fossils are found in sediments age of 508 million years in southern Canada. Have Mollisonia plenovenatrix, as he called pet, short of a massive chelicerae, a key feature of the group. To chelicerous, subtype arthropods include arachnids (spiders, Scorpions, ticks), sea spiders, and horseshoe crabs. They all have chelicerae — appendages near the mouth, consisting of 2-3 segments and shaped like claws, on which the group received its name. They have different functions, but usually animals grab chelicerae food. Presumably, the chelicerata appeared in the middle Cambrian (541-485,4 million years ago). In 1983, in...

Scientists managed to get two embryos, the Northern white Rhino, AFP reports. In late August, the researchers took two last surviving females of this subspecies 10 eggs. Seven of them fertilized with the sperm of deceased males of the Northern white Rhino, which for several years were stored frozen, and two of the eggs developed viable embryos. the Population of Northern white rhinos in the last 50 years rapidly shrank. In the 60-ies of the last century their population numbered several thousand, and in March 2018 reserve Ol Pejeta in Kenya has died, the last male of this subspecies. In the same reserve were the last two female Northern white Rhino: Najin and her daughter Fatu, which are guarded round the clock. But none of them is able to make offspring...

Modelling of the skull of Simosthenurus occidentalis, an extinct kangaroo showed that the configuration of his masticatory apparatus most of all resembled the structure of the masticatory apparatus pandas. Most likely, the extinct marsupial ate a very strict vegetarian diet, until the woody branches of shrubs, according to the study, published in PLoS ONE. Early variety of marsupials in Australia was wider than now. With Miocene continent was inhabited by close relatives of kangaroos of the subfamily Sthenurinae, which were of large size and weight. For example, the largest representative, Procoptodon goliah, can weigh 244 pounds, while the modern kangaroo usually weighs about 90 pounds. One of stearin, Simosthenurus occidentalis, 42 extinct thousands of...

Crabs Ghost can be heard as knocking through the gastric mill, stated in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. to scare off predators or other crabs, these animals usually knock the claws, but at the time of the attack or attacks claws busy, so crabs found an alternative way to intimidate the enemy. the Atlantic crabs ghosts (Ocypode quadrata) live on sandy beaches on the Atlantic coast of North and South America. These animals are found from North-Eastern USA to southern Brazil. Most of the time they spend on land, although breathe using gills, which are periodically moisten with water. Crabs are ghosts active at night, they wait out the heat in burrows, which they dig in the sand. They are omnivorous and eat insects, bivalves, plant remains and other...

A New species of pterosaur, identifying employees of the University of London Queen Mary, was one of the largest ever flying animals. The article is devoted to the discovery, published in the journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Cryodrakon boreas from the group pterosaurs azhdarchid (often incorrectly called "pterodactyls") was a flying reptile with a wingspan of up to 10 m, which lived in the Cretaceous period about 77 million years ago. His remains were discovered 30 years ago in the province of Alberta, Canada, but paleontologists then suggested that they belonged to already known species of pterosaur found in Texas, Quetzalcoatlus northropi. a New study shows that actually this is a new kind of reptile and the first pterosaur was discovered in Canada. A...

According to a new analysis of 107 fish collected in recent years in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname in South American rivers is home to at least three different types of electric eels, including species that are able to generate more electrical charge than any known animal. The article is devoted to the discovery, published in the journal Nature Communications. Scientists for over 250 years you know that in the Amazon basin live electric eels, which stun their prey with an electrical pulse. They are widely distributed in swamps, streams and rivers throughout Northern South America and has long been considered as belonging to the same species, the only one of its kind. However, with modern genetic and morphological analyses, researchers from the...

Something very unusual lives in a relatively small, picturesque lake Lost lake in Fresno County, California (USA). The truth of the reports of these creatures are very few, and two of them have even come from the same people, but the local researchers of anomalous phenomena have been written in their blogs that the lake Los lake you can see strange things. Near the lake is the recreation area for fishermen and tourists, you can get there by road Friant Road, North of Fresno, not far from lake Millerton. The main part of the observations of the creatures came at the end of the 2000's. in those years In the area regularly came to fish brother, my cousin, in particular, they loved the night fishing. One day they sat on the Bank and noticed on a small island...

Scientists at the University of Toronto discovered single-celled microorganisms that live in the waters of the Kidd mine in Canada. They survive by absorbing chemicals resulting from the interaction of water with the surrounding rocks. The discovery will help to figure out how life arose on Earth and able to withstand the conditions on other planets. This publication reports The Independent. the Researchers found that pyrite (iron disulfide) can support life in the absence of sunlight and oxygen. This explains, due to which bacteria can dwell in isolated underground reservoirs. It is known that deep under the earth's surface can be more than a trillion trillion-celled creatures. because Of the small amount of energy available for subsurface microorganisms...

Pair from the British city of Kingston upon hull, ceremonial County East Riding of Yorkshire, found an unusual creature in his yard. This publication reports the Hull Live. Wendy grey (Wendy Gray) and Andy Waar (Andy Vere) noticed "a snake like creature with fangs and a beak that fell from the sky", in their backyard Thursday, 5 September. They put it into a glass and began to search the Internet for what it could be, but has not determined the species of animal. "It looks like it was half eaten, and it fell from the sky. Every time we raise the glass, it begins to crawl. Never seen anything like it. His intestines sticking out, but it's still moving," said gray. Working as a nurse, the woman admitted that when he saw the creature after a night shift, are...

Don't want to disappoint those who believe in the reality of Nessie (so often called a monster, supposedly living in Loch ness in Scotland), but of all the existing versions about the one who still dwells in the depths of Loch ness, this sounds the most plausible. Of course, with 100% certainty to say that Nessie is acne, scientists can't, however, they had good reason to think so. So, most likely, Nessie will be nothing but a repetition of the story about the face on Mars. Remember this? That only did not speak about it, and later found out that the famous person is nothing but a creativity of the Martian wind, water and exuberant human imagination. You won't believe, but for the first time about the monster of Loch ness in the year 565 was reported by the...

The smallest horse in the world recognized stallion named BOMBEL from Poland. Its height at withers is only 56.7 per centimeter. Polish farmers Patrick and Katarzyna Zelinskii purchased a two-month Bombela in 2014. Then he was normal for his age in size, but in some point its growth is stopped. BOMBEL - horse breeds Appaloosa, bred by American Indians. The standard height for this breed is 160 cm tall. According to reports NDTV, BOMBEL lives on a farm near the city of Lodz and monthly visits children's hospital, where he spent time with the patients. As the owners of the animal, BOMBEL - little horse, but he has a big heart. https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/2019910549-ro4Ap.html

Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction, which is more than 65 million years ago killed most of the life on Earth, associated with the fall of massive meteorite. The body is about ten kilometers in diameter to enter the atmosphere at speeds of nearly 25 kilometers per second, can create an explosion of such power, which can not be compared and the entire stock of nuclear weapons. On the planet several times swept shock waves, large areas went up in flames. In the atmosphere up clouds of soot and dust, which blotted out the Sun. Global extinction has completed a long period of the Mesozoic, and cleared the way for the life of our Cenozoic era. It is assumed that the center of impact was at the present the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula, where he remained extensive...

Since ancient times it was believed that the most bloodthirsty forest predators — wolves — have a special and inexplicable connection with our nocturnal luminary. Hearing wolves howling in the distance, our ancestors tried as quickly as possible to leave the territory of the formidable forest denizen, which was attributed to even the relationship with a fantastic werewolf. So why do wolves howl at the moon? What is she so attracted to them? Despite the fantastic tales about wolves turning into werewolves at full moon, in reality it may be much more prosaic. Zoologists believe that the Moon as such does not affect the behavior of these animals. Observations have shown that wolves not only howl at the moon, but also on the cloud-Laden sky, in rain and in...

Previously, scientists have determined that there are five major mass extinctions events, erasing a large number of species and determining the end of a geological period: the Ordovician-Silurian (443 million years ago), Devonian (372 million years ago), the great Permian (252 million years ago), Triassic (201 million years ago) and the Cretaceous-Paleogene (66 million years ago). But the new work shows that extremely undervalued stayed mid-Permian extinction, which occurred in the period from about 272 to 260 million years ago. As the researchers note, the end of this extinction, which has affected life on land and in the seas, occurred simultaneously with the eruption of the volcano Emei and the resulting flooding. This event is made masanskii traps — a...

The Work of scientists from Montana state University, Bozeman shows that the change in river flow due to global warming, can negatively affect the metamorphosis of salamanders in their transformation from larvae into adults. The work of scientists published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "Our work emphasizes the vulnerability of ecosystems headwaters under climate change, the need to protect vulnerable species in the river region and the value of a long term effort for monitoring," said Professor of biology Montana state University Bozeman Winsor Lowe. In their work the researchers examined the spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus), living in five streams of new Hampshire. Like many other streams around the world, these...