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The Males of Dicopomorpha echmepterygis the smallest insects in the world. Their body length is only 139 µm, they are almost one and a half times smaller than the female and is an example of a radical evolutionary minimalism; they have reduced eyes, the mouth slit, the wings and almost all whiskers except two in the upper part of the body and one sensilla the body that is responsible for the sense of smell, touch and taste, reduced to the miserable male had at least some idea about the world. the world of male of D. echmepterygis is the egg of the host (another insect), in which the female lays its eggs. Males do not eat, hardly moved and live a few minutes; hatched, they impregnate the female, which hatched next, and immediately die. The fertilized female...

European scientists documented three cases of assistance apes bonobos (Pan paniscus) to their female relatives during childbirth. "Midwives" not only drove away from women males, but also oversaw the appearance of the head of the cub and helped him out of the birth canal. All three cases described in the article published in Evolution & Human Behavior. the Presence at birth of a third party (for example, obstetrician / gynecologists) has long been considered a feature of humans: it is associated for example, with a relatively large head of the baby compared to generic ways of women, which is largely because of this and need help. However, the presence of the birth partner is observed in other primates: for example, in 2016 the Chinese scientists were able...

Zoologists have discovered that the biggest amphibian on the planet, the Chinese giant Salamander, is actually not one species, and five or even eight, reported in the articles (1, 2), published in Current Biology. As researchers found, they probably already disappeared from the wild, and only survived on the farm for breeding salamanders. But because of the inept crossing different types are mixed and released into the wild animals have been killed due to poachers, and most likely a wild population of the giant Salamander in China has disappeared. The Chinese giant Salamander (Andrias davidianus) reach a length of 1.8 meters and weigh up to 70 kilograms. They live only in Central and southern part of the country in the mountain reservoirs. Because the meat...

Adult Andrias davidianus grow to 2 metres in length, in the past abundantly populated rivers in the South-Eastern regions of China. There are five species of these amazing creatures, however, modern methods of wildlife conservation can lead to genetic mixing, in which all diversity will ultimately be reduced to one single mind. the Meat of Salamander is considered an expensive delicacy, but because the demand is always high. Large businesses breed them on special farms, and the Chinese government, in an effort to preserve endangered species, and encourage the liberation of the offspring into the wild. However, it is unclear whether genetically "cage" individuals of their wild relatives. to understand this, scientists analyzed the DNA of 70 wild salamanders...

Genetics compared the DNA of a person and five million animals and found no differences in levels of genetic diversity between them that speaks to the relatively recent emergence of most of the "current" species of living beings, according to an article published in the journal of Human Evolution. "As is often said today, culture, life experience and other things can make people very different in comparison to each other, however, from the point of view of biology, we do not differ on the level of genetic diversity from those of birds. New technology has helped us to refute the myth of exceptional human nature," said mark Stockley (Mark Stoeckle) from the University of Rockefeller in new York (USA). In recent years, thanks to the emergence of new...

In a Network there was video great catch in the Chinese city of Fuyang. Lucky fisherman caught the fish hook Kaluga epic proportions. Fish belongs to the family Acipenseridae. The weight of 514 pounds, length — more than three and a half meters, and the age is about 100 years. Video posted on Youtube of the Chinese international news channel CCTV+. Rare sizes Kaluga decided to keep for breeding and even promise to cure many years of diseases. Gigantic sturgeon has bought the Chinese company, which is engaged in artificial breeding of fish. Meanwhile, in the North of Italy, the fishermen pulled from the water catfish with a length of about two meters and weighing 130 pounds. As told by the fishermen, at first it seemed that the gear was snagged on the roots...

Mosquito Bites cause in humans a number of unusual immune reactions, found a group of scientists from Baylor College of medicine (USA). According to the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, the researchers conducted an experiment involving laboratory mice. The rodents were transplanted with human stem cells, of which developed individual components of the human immune system. Scientists have discovered that mice much more rapidly responds to infection through a mosquito bite, rather than via injection from a syringe. That is why the research group decided to find out how the immune system reacts to the bites of uninfected insects. To do this, the staff of the College has allowed four mosquitoes to bite freely a few mice. After that, the rodents took...

Traveler, recently visited Kanas lake in China, claims that he became a casual witness the appearance of mysterious monsters on the surface of the pond. It happened on may 15. Witness says that in the water I saw a big dark shape, which left the wave. Of course, the man hurried to capture this spectacle on camera phones. Once the world wide web, the following sparked rumors about the so-called Monster of Kanas. the Monster of Kanas is regarded as the Chinese equivalent of the legendary Loch ness monster living in Scotland. Rumor has it that for the first time this cryptid noticed here in 1980, and since then a mysterious creature from time to time presents itself to tourists and local residents. Skeptics argue that this submarine, big fish, or even wild...

-a rake, or Rake, a character "terrible" urban folklore, especially in the West. It is believed that he is a skinny, anthropomorphic creature with long clawed fingers, like the teeth of a rake. Hence the name. The mythology of this cryptid says that he dwells in the woods and goes hunting at night. If someone gets a Rake to the eye, this casual traveler often befalls the most unenviable fate. the following video was obtained at the beginning of the month a citizen of Montreal who live near the forest. The canadian says that he heard in the night by strange sounds outside his home and went to make sure that it has not raided any large animal. Our hero covered his path with a flashlight and shot the event on camera phone, in the event that show the record of...

In Mexico, a local resident discovered a strange, previously unseen animal right on the coast, reports British newspaper the Daily Mail. Determine the form of the creatures washed ashore from the Pacific ocean, it failed. Outwardly, it resembles a sea serpent or eel. It is reported that at the time of detection the animal was already dead. Who was at that time on the beach, people initially did not pay attention to the strange creature, thought that washed ashore sailing rope. Later, a local resident Beatrice Morales acuña captured the find on camera and posted the picture to Facebook, asking their followers to identify the animal. Someone suggested that it's a Moray, and others put forward the hypothesis that they face a sea serpent. As the woman said, she...

In the Fall of 2014 with corals growing near Miami, began to happen something strange. The pink skeleton of coral polyps that look like a giant brain, began to appear deathly whitish spots. They grew and grew until he had consumed everything, leaving only a lifeless limestone fragments. Since then, it has been almost four years, but researchers still can not determine what a mysterious disease struck the corals of Miami. Meanwhile, the situation is getting worse and worse. The mysterious infection of corals began around 270 km from the coast of Florida. According to the Miami Herald, is currently the largest source of contamination of corals in the world. All research organizations, from the National oceanic and atmospheric administration to the University...

At the end of the age of dinosaurs, the Russian Arctic has been a real godsend for the ancient ancestors of birds and could serve as a homeland to their modern descendants. This was possible due to the discovery of blood-sucking insects in the amber of the Taimyr. The age of the remains is about 85 million years (the second half of the Cretaceous period). A description of the findings of the Russian-Ukrainian team published in the journal Cretaceous Research. All in the hands of scientists got some small black flies, relatives of mosquitoes living of the family Simuliidae. They are preserved in amber, which the staff of arthropod Laboratory of the Paleontological Institute named after A. A. borisyak wounds gathered on the shores of the Taimyr river Polak...

Global warming has forced mammals in Europe to leave their usual habitats, but to find new house animals will not. This is the conclusion reached by the authors of a new study analyzing the habits and habits of animals. The study is published in the journal Diversity and Distributions. the conservation status of animals assigned to types based on many factors: number of individuals, changes in their numbers and success of breeding, known threats and so on. However, the authors of the new study believe that these factors need and add others – for example, associated with global warming. According to the conclusions reached by an international group of scientists from Britain and Spain, many animals can be at risk because of climate change. Scientists...

Mushrooms are rich in protein, no fat but plenty of vitamins, mineral macro - and micronutrients. In food value they sometimes equate it to the meat. Nevertheless, experts do not think the mushrooms are a dietary product and is not recommended even absolutely healthy people to include them in constant diet. Some types of edible mushrooms, or extracts from them, for example ejovice, blewits, reduce the risk of development of Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia, say scientists from the University of Malaya (Malaysia). All the matter in the high content ergothioneine and glutathione — amino acid, which protects cells from excess free radicals, experts say Pennsylvania state University (USA). It is also known that mushrooms contain salts of iron, essential...

Genetics found in the DNA of human and all other mammals fragments of the genes for assimilation of chitin, said in an article published in the journal Science Advances. According to experts, it clearly shows that our ancient ancestors who lived at the end of the age of dinosaurs were insectivores. "Only insectivorous mammals feed exclusively on invertebrates, the five genes associated with the production of chitinase. This feature had, as shown by our study, and the first placental mammals. All this shows that beetles and other invertebrates formed the basis of the diet of our early ancestors," said Christopher emerling (Emerling Christopher) from the University of California at Berkeley (USA). At the dawn of evolution the Time of appearance of the first...