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Pierre Bourdieu: a new stage

Lectures of Pierre Bourdieu Of "the state" is published in Russian language is extremely timely. The Russian political order entered into a new cycle of profound transformation. And the discussion about their character operates surprisingly poor set of explanatory tools. Rich intuitions and guidance the work of Bourdieu transcends the usual interpretations of the explanatory power and the priority date. The famous sociologist deployed characterizes the state as a principle of social organization and historical phenomenon, allowing to localize and problematize the current changes in a large historical scale.

the Publication of this course, read Bourdieu at the Collège de France to the beginning of the third phase of an ambitious project of sociology as a rigorous and critical knowledge in the Russian context. The first phase was initiated by translation in the early 1990s, the installation of articles Bourdieu, received with a storm of interest and included in the intellectual foundations of the new social Sciences. This stage was determined with dizzying expectations and a frightening uncertainty of the nineties. Then Bourdieu was read as a detective story about a brilliant expose of the secrets of the social power and class differences, which is heavy and clumsily disguised Soviet propaganda.

the Second step involves the translation of monographs from the "Practical sense" to "Public art." This is the stage of academic normalization programme Bourdieu in the 2000s, when its meaning and importance is certainly recognised not only supporters, but also ardent opponents and skeptics. Over the years, learnt basic thesis, although they were rarely based on empirical research.

Finally, the third phase opens with the translation main course at the Collège de France, not published in life. This is not just a large operating material different from that of all previously issued and meaningful, and stylistically. This invitation, which Bourdieu addresses us from the symbolic 1990-1991. The invitation locally to test hypotheses and to seriously discuss how to make the state. Today, the Russian political reality provides great material for analysis and comparison. It's important not to make mistakes, not to narrow caricature of the debate to the antithesis of "democracy or authoritarianism", not to rush between everyday Russian life "excellent" or "terrible."

In fact, a deep and extensive study Bourdieu "the state" — this is a rare chance to restart intellectually and socially responsible discussion of key issues of Russian political organization.

New to the Russian reader, the authors need the introduction and the context. Well-known authors need them twice. A term of 25 years, "Bourdieu in Russian" — it is an occasion to formulate some simple questions and re-evaluate its use of the proposed method. Therefore, the first task which I set in the Preface is to clarify the place, which over the years has taken Bourdieu in Russian intellectual space. As for a detailed introduction to the biographical and conceptual context of the work of Bourdieu in France, I suggested it earlier in the afterword to another Russian publication, "Public art". The second and even more important part of the introduction to this course — to discuss the theses of Bourdieu, the state, without notes hagiography, as a working tool. It's a big part of the Preface, with examples and Parallels. Serves the same purposes appeal to the courses at the Collège de France, another famous researcher, Michel Foucault, experiencing the peak of interest in Russia and in the world. By the way, foucauldians genealogy of the Board devoted to another book that came out simultaneously, "Pravitelei" Mitchell Dean.

Here are a number of the issues discussed in the introduction to the course Bourdieu: what is the definition of the state as the "only" way of thinking, and an organizing principle of consent; how are disinterest, universality and violence as principles of state organization; what role in the analysis of state power should be given to taxes; whether corruption is simply "the relic"; is agentnet public interest bureaucracy; whether the state interest the government's interest; what role do education and culture play in the production of state power; what is the position of Bourdieu in the discussion of the class nature of the state; what are the restrictions and limits imposed Bourdieu strong thesis about the state as a structure for integration of the social world; how to change the look of Bourdieu on the state during the course; supports the state center (Bourdieu) or "reverse" control (Foucault); as transformirovalsya violence with the establishment of a monopoly on its use.

here's the full table of contents:

Alexander Bikbov. How to do state

the State as a historically grounded fiction

Political foundations of the theory of the state

Social mystery of state interest

the Constitutive paradox of immoral consent

From the editors of the French edition

Lecture 18 Jan 1990

an incredible subject matter

the State as a neutral venue

the Marxist tradition

the Calendar and the structure of temporality

Public category

Public acts

Market of single-family houses and the state

"The Commission Barra" housing

Lecture 25 Jan 1990,

Theory and empirical

the State Commission and of staging

Social construction of public problems

the State as a point of view on point of view


the Theory and effects theory

Two meanings of the word "state"

the Transformation of the private into the universal


Institutions as "organized fiduciary"

the Genesis of the state: the complexity of the problem

Retreat about teaching sociological research

the Government and the sociologist

Lecture 1 Feb 1990

the official Rhetoric

Public official

another Universal and censorship

"the Legislator-artist"

the Genesis of public discourse

Public discourse and design

Public opinion

Lecture 8 February 1990

the Concentration of symbolic resources

a Sociological reading of Franz Kafka

Feasible research program

History and sociology

"The political system of empires" Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt

Two books, Perry Anderson

the Problem of "three roads" Barrington Moore

Lecture 15 February 1990

the Official and private

Sociology and history: genetic structuralism

Genetic history

Game and the

an Anachronism and an illusion nominal

Two sides of the state

Lecture 10 Jan 1991

the Historical approach and genetic approach

Research strategy

Housing policy

Interaction and structural relationships

the Effect of institutionalization: evidence

the Effect of "It's so..." and closing opportunities

the Space of possibilities

spelling Example

Lecture 17 Jan 1991

a reminder of the direction of the course

Two meanings of the word "state": state control and state-territory

the Disciplinary division of the historical work as an epistemological obstacle

Model of the Genesis of the state: 1. Norbert Elias

Model of the Genesis of the state: 2. Charles Tilly

Lecture 24 Jan 1991,

the answer to the question: the notion of invention under structural constraint

Model of the Genesis of the state: 3. Philip Corrigan and Derek Sayer

a Special case of England: the industrial modernization and cultural archaisms

the Lecture of 31 January 1991

the answer to the questions

archaic Cultural and economic transformation

Culture and national unity: the case of Japan

Bureaucracy and cultural integration

National unification and cultural domination

Theoretical framework for the analysis of state power

Symbolic power: power relations and relations of meaning

the State as producer of the principles of classification

The effect of faith and cognitive structures

the Effect of the coherence of the symbolic system state

building a state: the school schedule

Manufacturers doxa

Lecture 14 February 1991

Sociology, an esoteric science, the apparent exoteric

Professionals and laymen

the State structures the social order

doxa, Orthodoxy, heterodoxy

the Transformation of private into public: the appearance in Europe of the modern state

Lecture 21 February 1991

the Logic of the Genesis and the origin of the state: symbolic capital

The stages of the process of concentration of capital

the Dynastic state

Government power over the authorities

The concentration and the expropriation of capital: the example of physical strength as capital

the Establishment of a Central economic capital and construction of an Autonomous economic space

Lecture 7 March 1991

Answers to questions: conformity and consensus

the Process of concentration of capital: resistance

the Unification of the legal market

the Formation of interest in a generic

the Point of view of the state and summary: the information capital

the Concentration of cultural capital and national construction

"Know by nature" and the state know

Lecture 14 March 1991,

Retreat: a revolution in the intellectual field

Two sides of the state: domination and integration

Jus sanguinis and jus loci

the Unification of the market of symbolic goods

the Analogy between religious and cultural field

Lecture 3 October 1991

Model of the transformation of the dynastic state

the Concept of strategy of reproduction

the concept of the system of strategies of reproduction

the Dynastic state in the light of strategies of reproduction

"the Royal house"

Legal logic and practical logic of the dynastic state

the challenges of the next lecture

Lecture 10 October 1991

house Model against historical fetishism

the Task of historical research of the state

Contradictions dynastic state

three-part structure

the repetition of the logic of the course

Family reproduction and state

Digression about the history of political thought

the Historical work of lawyers in the process of state-building

Differentiation of power and structural corruption: an economic model

Lecture 7 November 1991

Preamble: the complexity of communication in the social Sciences

an Example of institutionalized corruption in China (1): the ambiguous power of lower-level bureaucrats

an Example of institutionalized corruption in China (2): "net"

an Example of institutionalized corruption in China (3) double game and double "I"

the Genesis of the bureaucratic space and the invention of public

Lecture 14 November 1991

building a Republic and building of the nation

the establishment of the public in light of one of a treatise on English constitutional law

The use of Royal seals: the chain of guarantees

Lecture 21 November 1991

the answer to the question about the juxtaposition of public and private

the Transformation of the private into the public: the nonlinear process

the Genesis of metapola of power: differentiation and breeding of the two authorities, dynastic and bureaucratic

research Program of the French revolution

the Dynastic principle, against the law on the example of the bed justice

Methodological digression: the kitchen of political theories

Legal struggle as the symbolic struggle for power

Three contradictions of lawyers

Lecture 28 November 1991

History as the stake of the struggle

a Legal field: an historical approach

the Post officials

the State as a fictio juris

Legal capital as linguistic capital and as a practical skill

Lawyers in relation to the Church: autonomy Corporation

the reformation, Jansenism and yuridizm

Public: an unprecedented reality, which does not arise

Lecture of December 5, 1991,

social history of political ideas and the state

Lawyers and generic

(About) the problem of the French revolution

the state and the nation

Government as a "civil religion"

Nationality & citizenship: the opposite of the French model and German

conflict of interests the struggle with the participation of the unconscious in political debate,

Lecture 12 December 1991

building a political space: the parliamentary game

Digression: television as the new political game

From the state on paper to a real state

the domestication of the subject: the dialectic of discipline and philanthropy

the Theoretical aspect of state-building

Final questions

a Summary published in the "Yearbook" at the College de France




the course of the state in the work of Pierre Bourdieu

List of basic sources


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