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As a prototype of Ostap Bender was built in the legendary Chelyabinsk tractor plant
Chelyabinsk became famous as Tankograd due to its tank plant. In the construction of the enterprise took an active part Osip Shor is the man who is recognized as the main prototype of Ostap Bender, hero of the novels "12 chairs" and "Golden calf" Ilya Ilf and Yevgeny Petrov.
"Russian planet" 've collected details of the biography of Osip Shor, who do not look pale even against the background of the adventures of the great schemer.
the Odessa Scam
— for a Long time it was believed that Osip Shor was born in Odessa, — says the correspondent of Poland historian Boris Oxenkrug. But then there were documents, which were able to establish that his birthplace — the small town of Nikopol. There his father had a store, a mill and a small candle factory. In Odessa merchant of the 2nd Guild Benjamin shore with the wife of Kunyakh moved only a year after the birth of the son of Axis, who was born 30 may 1899. The news that the prototype of Ostap Bender was not Odessa, and nicopolitans, very distressed capital humor, which was flattered with the title of the homeland of the great schemer.
the family Shorov was another child — Nathan. At the beginning of the last century he became a famous poet-futurist and took the pseudonym Anatoly Purple. And his younger brother Osip prefer that friends called him the Ukrainian style — Ostap, and even subscribed this name. About this book "my Diamond crown" mentioned Valentin Kataev, who, in fact, introduced to Ilya Ilf and Yevgeny Petrov with their future character. It points directly to him as the prototype! go away, citizen: "Bender written by one of our Odessa friends. He was the younger brother of one of the wonderful poet-futurist... Brother futurist was Ostap, the appearance of which we have retained in his novel almost intact: athletic build and the romantic, pure nature of the black sea. He had no connection with literature and served in the criminal investigation Department to combat banditry, which has assumed menacing proportions..."
— how to get into criminal investigation, Osip Shor graduated from the gymnasium, Iliadi — the one where the will of the authors then "studied" and Bender, continues Boris Oxenkrug. — Osip had a tendency to exact Sciences. Of all Humanities he showed interest only to the law. Good knowledge of the law later came in very handy a born adventurer. After graduating from high school he entered the physics and mathematics faculty of Novorossiysk University, but soon left University. And earning a living card games such people were then called carandini. In this capacity he excelled more than in school, easily beating even the professional gamblers.
the Cherished dream of the Osip was to emigrate to Brazil or Argentina. Dreaming of distant wanderings, and he dressed accordingly, wearing light colored clothing, a white captain's hat and scarf. When its high the growth of 1 m 90 cm, in this way, it looked impressive.
In 1916 expelled student came agenda in the army. To avoid military service, he pulled his first Scam.
— By nationality Osip Shor was Jewish, says Boris Oxenkrug. But he decided to impersonate a Turk children of foreign nationals in the army did not take. Came up with his Turkish father, forged documents and without problems avoided the call. But still managed to capitalize on his idea — he helped several countrymen for a small fee to become "Greeks" and "Kurds". This Scam Osip Shor documented. The authenticity of several others is questionable, rather they can be attributed to the field of folklore.
If you believe the urban myth of Odessa, the next Scam Osip Shor was inspired by the accidental discovery. Once on the road he saw a chicken, which for some unknown reason she lost all the feathers. Another would have passed, and Ostap immediately had the idea how to make a fortune on a sick bird. He founded the firm "Perfect chicken", declared himself a Professor and began to lecture, explaining that this is the bare essence — the fruit of the works of the Odessa breeders. They were able to breed, you do not need to nip and can be directly put into the soup or recycled meat. Representatives of many poultry farms in the South of Russia is interested in opening and signed contracts for the supply of the wonder-birds, by making advance payment. But when it came time to get the first batch of "perfect chicken" the Director disappeared in an unknown direction.
When the noise died down, the tipster returned to Odessa and opened a new office for the sale of indulgences. Absolution was very popular among the hijackers who wanted to save his soul, going on. Deciding to increase revenue, Osip began to sell a place in heaven — drew a diagram of heaven and offered everyone to choose where he will be after death, according to your taste and pocket. The best places were eagerly bought up by wealthy citizens of Odessa. A successful business was working undercover local priests, who received a percentage of the profits. But to lure the police Osip Shor failed, and the office had to close.
say that periodically turetskopoddanny earned, counseling bandits and thinking up schemes of robbery. So, one day he groped a weak place of one of the local banks chimneys. The gang of Joes the Oblique it is advised not to break the door and change clothes with chimney sweeps and down inside the rope. The robbery went perfectly, and Osip Shor received his share of the prize.
Osip Shor, a real prototype of Ostap Bender
Benya Krik vs Bender
In 1916, Osip Shor made another attempt to build an honest career and entered the mechanical faculty of the St. Petersburg Institute. But the civil war began.
— the October revolution Osip Shor met in St. Petersburg. He soon decided to return to his native Odessa, away from unsafe historical events, — says the correspondent of Poland, the literary critic Irina Vaganova. — The road home through fire country took 10 months. Shore has gone through many adventures, with which we are all perfectly familiar in the novels of Ilf and Petrov. To earn a livelihood, he was posing as a grandmaster and gave sessions of simultaneous game, although don't really know chess. In the role of the fire inspector robbed companies, catches him on the way. Got an artist on a steamboat, plying with propaganda flights on the Volga. Posed as a representative of some underground anti-Soviet organization and was collecting secret contributions to the just cause of struggle against the Bolsheviks. And even married middle-aged buxom owner of the butcher shop, which we know as Madame Gritsatsuyev. On substance he survived a hungry winter.
Returning to Odessa, Osip Shor has decided not to quarrel with the new government. He entered the service in the Odessa criminal investigation Department, received the post of security officer for anti-gang. Physical form let: Osip since childhood, was engaged in a classic fight, was fond of weights. And his success in football was so impressive that one of the first Russian pilots and European champion in Cycling Sergei Utochkin predicted that Osia shore ever become a world star of the sport.
Good knowledge of the underworld made a new Opera is a real boon for the criminal investigation. So much so that the legendary Mishka Yaponchik — which itself became the prototype for Benya Krik stories of Isaac Babel, "ordered" too zealous employee. That caused the gang, which controlled Moldavanka, serious damage and opened the case about the robbery of two banks and manufactories, was caught red handed several of the raiders, and beat out from them indications.
— Hard to believe that prototypes of Ostap Bender and Benya Krik hated each other, but this one is so. Jap announced Osip Shor as his personal enemy, and swore to avenge him. The first attempt ended unsuccessfully — Osip Shor survived in the shootout in a cafe, without a scratch, and the four killers, as we would now call them, was killed — said Boris Oxenkrug. — If the bandits tried again. But by mistake killed the older brother of Shor — Nathan, who was just about to get married and, together with the bride choosing furniture for their future home. After receiving the news of his death, Joseph had not slept for several days. Were not even at the funeral of a brother. Smashed raspberries, embossing address of the murderer. And managed to recognize him. Bursting into the apartment where the gunman just walked along with several raiders, he shot them all from a Mauser. And the killer's brother put on his knees and was about to shoot, but saw that behind the stage of execution of their father was horrified to see five young children. Osip Shor was unable to pull the trigger. Breaking down in tears, he, along with pardoned the thug, repentant of his crime, until the morning drinking vodka and reading poetry the deceased brother. And the next morning left Odessa and went to Moscow, vowing never to take up arms.
There Osip Shor almost landed in the Taganka prison for a drunken brawl with a man who insulted his date. But was soon released as soon as the data came from the Odessa CID, he was released. The hero of the anti-gang suggested to go to work in the Central criminal investigation Department, but he did not change his decision never to kill people.
during this period of his life Osip Shor, often lived in the apartment of his close friend from Odessa, Yuri Olesha. The story of his rich adventures of the life of Osip said to his fellow — writer Valentin Kataev. And he introduced him to his younger brother Yevgeny Petrov and his best friend — a young journalist Ilya Ilf. The result of this historic meeting was the birth of Ostap Bender, the adventures of which are borrowed from the biography of Osip Shor.
In 1934, when the novel "the Twelve chairs" has become cult and has sold in huge numbers, Osip Shor decided that he owes part of the fees, — says Irina Vaganova. — He came to Ilf and Petrov and demanded to pay money for something that they told his story. The authors raised him to scorn, saying that Bender is a collective image. Then, Ossip gave a major scandal and demanded at least to resurrect the hero, who died at the end of the book. The authors agreed, and this compromise led to the writing of the continuation of the novel "the Golden calf".
Bender builds CTZ
after Reading an ad in the newspaper that construction of the five — year plan- the first in the country tractor plant needed workers, Osip Shor went to Chelyabinsk. Arriving in the Urals, discovered that the Director of the Chelyabinsk tractor plant is working for his old acquaintance — the inhabitant of Odessa Vasiliy Ilichev. He propped buddy on the position of the supplier.
In most sources stated that Osip Shor arrived in Chelyabinsk in 1934 and worked at the plant until 1937, — says the correspondent of Poland historian Sergey Spitsyn. But in the state archive of the Chelyabinsk region contains the documents from which it follows that he worked on CHTZ 13 June 1931 and 20 October 1932. This is confirmed by the staff of the Museum of the Chelyabinsk tractor plant: Vasiliy Ilichev was a Director of the company since may 11, 1931, to September 29, 1932. So, in Chelyabinsk the period in the life of Osip Shor could not last three years. Unfortunately, a personal matter of the shore is not preserved — it was destroyed with the lapse of time. However, we know that it was 29 pages — several times more than most employees who have worked on CHTZ life. What Scam tipster it has been described, we can only guess.
City folklore says that Vasily Ilyichev was arrested as an "enemy of the people" in 1937, in his own office. Osip Shor happened to be there and could not bear to watch as the NKVD arrested the friend, to whom he was indebted. Tried to defend him, started the fight. The result is arrested and the Osip. In Chelyabinsk believe he managed to escape while being taken to a prison truck.
— the First Director of CHTZ Vasily Ilyichev was indeed arrested, but not in 1937 and 1938, and not in Chelyabinsk, and in Moscow, — continues Sergey Spitsyn. To be present at his arrest Osip Shor could not, because the economic crimes committed for the posts of procurement officer, received five years in the camps. This, incidentally, is very soft at the time the sentence — apparently, the judge took into account the heroic past of the shore. The beginning of the great Patriotic war he met behind barbed wire. And run managed only on the way to the front, where he asked a volunteer to get freedom.
after Escaping, Osip Shor, a long time hiding from the authorities and tried to break the blockade of Leningrad — to get in the surrounded city and find their loved ones. But he did not succeed. But with the help of Yuri Olesha he was able to get Amnesty and go legal. From the old shocks, he started to have eczema, which developed into skin cancer.
After the war, Joseph continued the search. He found out that the mother died of starvation in the besieged city. But he managed to find her younger sister Elsa (daughter of his mother's second marriage), which was evacuated to Tashkent, and went after her.
— It sounds absolutely incredible, but Osip Shor was able to beat cancer successfully recovered from the deadly disease, says Irina Vaganova. — Unfortunately, not preserved the details of how he did it. Together with his sister, he moved to Moscow and 15 years as the conductor of the train Moscow–Tashkent. Retired for disability, since almost completely lost his eyesight. Shortly before his death Osip Shor, a book was published by Valentin Kataev "my Diamond crown", and the whole country found out who the real prototype favorite character. Osip literally attacked the journalists. But he categorically refused to give interviews, preferring to keep their secrets. He died in Moscow in 1978. Buried at Vostryakovskoye cemetery.
At home in Nikopol, Osip Shor, a monument. On its base is written: "Neapolitano Osip Shor. He is the son turetckopoddannogo Ostap-Suleiman Ibrahim Berta Maria Bender-Bey, aka Ostap Ibrahimovic, he's the prototype of the great schemer of Ostap Bender (I. Ilf and E. Petrov)".
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