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In Russia are childless and 17% of the population in Germany is already serious, the third part of the country. How do scientists solve this problem?
this is reported news of it with reference to www.forbes.ru.
the Gestation and birth of a child — this intimate part of human life is increasingly affected by digital and reproductive technologies. They provide a chance to have a baby for those who have in a natural way that never would have made. But the debate about the ethical aspects of the use of reproductive technology are constantly.
the Woman thinking about conceiving a child, first checks the state of your health and corrects it if necessary. The same applies to the health of the partner. Of sexually transmitted infections is a major threat to the future of the child. And tested for them, especially men, without much enthusiasm.
British Condoms has developed i.ConSmartCondom — electronic gadget in the form of a ring, which is able to diagnose chlamydia and syphilis. All data is transmitted in a mobile application.
an approximate cost of $74, but he has not yet arrived and is only available for pre-order in the UK.
Using the test for self-diagnosis of pregnancy can be mistaken in the interpretation of the result. You have to repeat the procedure again and again. According to statistics, false positive rapid test produces in 1-3% of cases.
Digital pregnancy test developed in the United States, offers many advantages compared to conventional band or cassette tests: reacts to the presence of the reproductive hormone, even if just placed under the urine stream; displays the result using the symbols " + " pregnancy and "-" — pregnancy is fuzzy strips, measures the level of the hormone in the urine to determine pregnancy, and shows one or two, two or three or more than three weeks from the moment of conception.
it is Obvious that the future for accuracy and speed of diagnosis of pregnancy.
to Identify and neutralize
Screening during pregnancy is every woman. It combines the data of biochemical blood analysis and ultrasound. Identifies deviations at the genetic level and allows physicians to address these risks, and the expectant mother have a healthy baby.
In September 2018 in Kazakhstan, hosted the 2nd Congress of medical geneticists of the country with participation of foreign colleagues. Doctor of medical Sciences Gulnara Svyatov noted that digital screening four times reduced the rate of stillbirths in the country, decreased the number of children born with malformation.
At the Congress was presented a new tandem mass spectrometer that holds absolutely safe for pregnant women genetic analysis. A single blood spot is sufficient for the diagnosis of hereditary diseases 49. Unfortunately, sometimes incurable disease detected in utero, it becomes a medical indication for termination of pregnancy.
But many women, again according to the testimony of doctors, to become pregnant never will. In Russia are childless and 17% of the population in Germany is already serious, the third part of the country. But reproductive technology is not standing still, mostly because of the global epidemic of infertility, but due to the deterioration with each generation of male reproductive health. Currently, digital technology is aimed at combating this problem. For example, a simple semen analysis can now be done on your smartphone: scientists have developed technology that connects to your phone and allows you to not only consider and count the sperm, but also evaluates their mobility. How does it work? A man collects a sample in a special container, the reagent goes to sleep and waits for 10 minutes until cooked liquid to the analysis. Next, you need to place the pattern on the glass of the device and connect it to your smartphone, which automatically starts the application and shows the results.
Digital technology is also starting to help women deal with infertility. For example, with the help of artificial intelligence has successfully passed the operation to transplant a uterus from one woman to another. She was able to carry my own baby in the uterus of the donor. This is the first in the history of medicine surgery, where the robot allowed her to experience the joy of motherhood.
the Artificial womb
Contraception, technology, IVF, surrogacy... What's next?
And then — artificial uterus, over which scientists are fighting around the world, based on the success of gestation premature infants who have spent in the mother's uterus only half the time. But their task is even more difficult: the five-day embryo must develop in an artificial womb until the age of five-month-old fetus.
According to statistics, only 30% of infants born at 22 weeks gestation, survive. They are very difficult to nurse, and the artificial uterus will be their salvation. In addition, infertile women or those who cannot have children for medical reasons, thanks to the artificial organ could experience the joy of motherhood.
meanwhile, doctors from Children's hospital of Philadelphia recently reported that they managed to create an artificial womb for embryo lambs. Their stage of development corresponded to the stage of development of the human embryo during the period of 22-24 weeks. Embryos animals were placed in a plastic bag with the liquid. It held the oxygen tube that delivers vital substances under the control of digital technology. Lambs grew without developmental disabilities.
In the next three years, the Philadelphia scientists plan to conduct the first clinical trial involving human embryos.
Thus, not far 2074 year, marked by John Haldane in 1924. He predicted that by this time only a third of children will gestate in a natural way.
And closer in 2024, scientists project SpaceLifeOrigins intend to put another ambitious experiment: to take birth in the open space. The aim of the experiment study of the propagation in space, which will facilitate colonization of other planets in the future.
the Plan is to create a cosmic incubator in which human sperm and ovule will be fertilized in space under the control of digital technology. Then the embryo will gestate on Earth a female volunteer. The baby she is in space.
it is hoped that the technology, promising to "digital" children will do more good than harm, and biological and social bases of families will not be undermined.
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