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Program, "the Digital economy of the Russian Federation", approved in the summer of 2017, but until now, few people understand how to work with technological solutions, and the public does not always have a clear idea about the program. What prevents its implementation?
What is the "Digital economy"
the Digital economy is often criticized for many shortcomings. In particular, not all understand that is the program.
the Program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation" it is calculated till 2024, inclusive, and consists of the following areas: regulatory framework, information infrastructure, human resources and education, information security, digital governance, and the creation and support scientific research competences in the field of digital economy. Together, implementation will require about 2 trillion rubles from the Federal budget, another 1.5 trillion — private investment plan to attract officials.
the Most critical issue is training. Oversees the direction, "talent and education" strategic initiatives Agency for promoting new projects. Plans to 2024 800 000 graduates of vocational education should possess competencies in the area of it "at the world average level," not less than 120 000 graduates of the higher education system will be prepared for it specialties. The proportion of the population with digital skills by 2024, shall not be less than 40%.
At this point in the work of the 20 pilot projects — centers of excellence at institutions of higher education. This is clearly insufficient to provide the planned indicators. In any case, it specialty is a broad concept, the exact set of competencies will be determined in the spring of 2019, and the specialty in June of the same year.
Really now training engaged in large it companies — for example, "Yandex", which was engaged in before the appearance of the program, and some state-owned companies, for example, "Rosatom".
However, for the development of the digital economy need not only programmers, but also officials who can competently put a reference and understanding how to implement digital services.So there was a special training program: Ranepa together with ANO "Digital economy" and a number of companies opens training courses for regional officials.
Game is the laws
Another problem of the Digital economy — too slow release of the specific rules and tasks that had to write office. The roadmap for all areas of the program were agreed in early 2018, but they imply further detailed budgeting and adjustment at least once a year. The state still has no clear idea of how to work with business. One of the problems is the delay in funding. For example, the implementers of the projects in the field of "Information security" has not received funds from the Ministry of communications and Ministry of industry and trade on time. Departments because of this shift the terms of commissioning of the projects.
Another big problem is the unavailability of legislation to the emergence of innovative technologies, which are not reflected in the current legislation. For example, the blockchain survives with difficulty, there are no clear rules of the game. Although Russia and is actively working with this technology, but in other countries, for example, in the UAE, she is already being implemented in state services. In Russia there are only certain projects: for example, embedded in the Novgorod regional clinical hospital blockchain technology accounting and monitoring of medication helped sekonomit12% of the budget of the program of preferential medicinal provision in 2018, and in 2019 will save 30 million rubles, according to estimates of the city administration.
Despite the slow adoption of new legislation, there are some examples that can guide future work: for example, in November the government adopted a resolution on unmanned vehicles. The pilot project will be launched in March: the unmanned automobiles appear on the roads of Moscow and Kazan. The document was discussed and developed for several years, and during that time in other countries, the company accumulated experience in the application of new technology: in the USA there is active testing of unmanned vehicles, for example, is doing Uber in Pittsburgh. Even Yandex has obtained a license for the use of drones in the U.S., in Nevada, as well as in Israel. In terms of legislation, Russia has catching up to do, but most importantly — the process is already running. And even errors in projects for the benefit of the customers and project participants consider them the next time to function optimally.
the Difficulty for small business
Over the past year and a half, the state has not provided clear rules for participation in tenders. But the situation should change in the next month, according to our data, the Ministry of communications will make the rules of participation in tenders for small companies.
According to the project agencies will work with small businesses directly. There is another option of business support, which is discussed: the provision of grants in the form of subsidies? from the Federal budget. However, in the discussed embodiment, the minimum grant size will be 30 million rubles, 50% of which must co-Finance the legal entity. So here we are talking more about the average business, not small. Which option you will choose in the end, it is not clear, but in the second case the questions arise, will it be possible to monitor the fairness of the distribution of grants.
While for small businesses the picture looks very rosy, he does not undertake to compete with large companies who are actively involved in projects. "Nornikel" wants to capture the market share of digital technologies, "Rostelecom" is generally considered the main driver of digitalization in the country: the internetization of the remote areas launched a Unified biometric systems, which is planning to use the banks, and also develops systems for smart cities.
Small companies will help to compete the amendments to the law on concession agreements, which allow you to transfer them to orders for the development of state information systems.
Another possibility for a small business selling custom solutions in the regional markets. The SKOLKOVO Foundation and the Fund for the development of the digital economy with the expert support of the chamber of Commerce in January will launch a "Shop of digital solutions" catalog of Russian software development services for the Digital economy. For their implementation can be taken and private companies.
First results of the projects of the digital economy, while visible mainly Moscow. The reason is that in the capital planning the introduction of digital technologies began over 5 years ago, so the development of services started earlier. For example, centres in the regions are much less automated, and local governments do not provide much information about the city, as the Department of information technology of Moscow.
In General, this year finally was the concept of a digital state, so we completely get away from paperwork. The above-mentioned complex of the 25 so-called superservice, through which the Ministry of communications expects to cover 90% of the points of contact between the person and the state and to minimize the costs. They will include digital policies CTP/CASCO, OMS/DMS, e-work book, digital waybills and consignment notes, as well as the permission to input of objects in operation, digitally and other types of documents that are no longer needed in paper form.
the People in General have become more interested in the digital economy — and this can be considered the main result of the year, what the future will bring much more tangible results. Just look at the statistics of requests of "Yandex": if in December 2017, "digital economy" was interested in about 32 000 times in month, now the value has doubled, to 64,000 queries. People finally began to pay attention to the influences the emergence of new services on their lives. This is well illustrated by the urban technologies in Moscow is improving the online record in the traffic police, the service "e-Moscow school", the growing volume of data about urban infrastructure, including information on sports and cultural areas of Moscow. Not be called disruptive technology, but their effect began to emerge from last year: portal of Moscow in 2017 was registered on 28% more than the year before.
Maxim CHERESHNEV, Forbes Contributor
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