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"Mail of Russia" received the right to remotely charge duties on the goods purchased by Russians in foreign online stores. Duty-free threshold with January 1, downgraded twice and is $ 500 for purchases made during the month. Market participants cross-border trade fear that the new powers will make the Federal state unitary enterprise monopoly in the market of international shipping.
on 9 January launched a pilot project in which "Mail of Russia" will remotely charge duties on goods from foreign online stores, told "Kommersant" in the press service of the FSUE. In the "Mail of Russia" does not specify which retailers will be affected by the project, but hopes that "it will gradually be joined by all the major players in the market."
the project was Initially planned for launch in November 2018, but the required order of the Ministry of Finance was published only on December 28. He uses the concept of "authorised" postal operator. While this operator acts only "Mail of Russia", but in the future, this status can get and other companies, said "Kommersant", the representative of the Ministry of Finance. According to the document, the authorised operator performs the customs clearance of goods purchased for personal use, in the name and on behalf of the buyer. "Mail of Russia" will interact with the electronic system of the Federal customs service (FCS), which will guide information for each international shipment, including personal data of the buyer. FGUP also will take into account and specify the total weight and value of the goods which the buyer purchased for a calendar month.
the Buyer will pay a fee when ordering on the website foreign online store, the technical solution of the FSUE developed jointly with the Federal customs service, told "Kommersant" representative of "Mail of Russia". According to him, the process of payment will be identical to paying with a Bank card on the Internet. "We hope that the introduction of a simplified procedure, customs will make the process of acquisition of goods in foreign online stores as comfortable as possible and reduce the time customer service in post offices",— he said.
While from 1 January tax-free threshold for purchases in foreign online stores cut in half, to €500. If the total amount of goods ordered in Russia in a calendar month exceeds this amount or the total weight of the orders exceeds 31 kg, the buyer must pay 30% of the product cost, but not less than €4 per kilo over the limit. In 2020, the threshold will be reduced to €200 but have to be applied to each individual parcel. Products in this price range, the Russians bought infrequently. According to the July research holding "ROMIR", only 5% of Russians for a year shopped cost from €200 to €500, 1% of purchases worth more than €1 thousand, the General Director of "Mail of Russia" Nikolay Podguzov in an interview with Kommersant said earlier that the FSUE suggested the Ministry of Finance to postpone a sharp decline in the tax-free threshold to avoid collapse in the area of customs clearance and "partially" this position was heard.
In practice, giving the "Mail of Russia" the new authority is likely to make its monopoly on the delivery market from abroad, fears the President of the National Association of remote trade Alexander Ivanov. In his opinion, in the near future it will make the inevitable price increase on international shipments, the drop in the quality and speed of delivery.
In "Yandex.Market", based on which work the marketplace "Take" and Bringly with goods from foreign sellers, noted that "ready to support any innovations that simplify the lives of consumers, including everything connected with the collection of fees if it is implemented online with minimal complications for the buyer."
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