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Xanthorrhea. How to grow a herbal tree in the house?

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 07.02.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Australian native xanthorrhoea impresses with its original appearance: the unusual trunk topped by a bunch of narrow and long leaves at the base which accumulates resin, contributing to the creation of the trunk. It must be said: growing plants, herbal tree — for those who have enough patience and loves the process of creating a live exotics in the apartment. That the plant bloomed in the home, it is necessary to form a trunk about 80 cm tall. In order to xanthorrhea appeared in all its glory, will require more than one year, because of the year the increase is only about 2.5 cm, And in order to form the trunk, you will need at least 20 years. Cantorate: ru.wikipedia.org What is this miracle of nature? Xanthoria is a genus of plants of the family Xanthorrhoea, which is endemic to Australia, Tasmania and other nearby Islands. They grow mainly in dry savannas. The Islands are home to species adapted to humid Maritime climate. Kantorei have distinctive feature, believed to protect them from damage, especially from the frequent fires that occur in savannas: the base of the leaves and inflorescences emit large amounts of sticky resin. The resin layer can reach several centimeters. The so-called barrel — not a barrel, and glued with resin old shrivelled leaves. And given the longevity of these plants (cantorei live up to 600 years or more), you can imagine what the trunk will have the old instance. Different types of resin painted brown, dark red or yellow. Xanthorrhea with yellow resin first caught the eyes of the Europeans, and therefore got the name, which can be translated as "getospace". The locals call this plant a kangaroo tail or a black boy. The last name given for the color of the barrel, burned by the flame. Representatives of the genus Xanthorrhea Australian botanists attribute to the herbal trees with a tree trunk. Sometimes the stem is branched, each branch ending in a rosette of leaves reaching a length of one meter. The bee flies to the flowers, xanthorrhoea: Depositphotos Jalcomulco carries great fires: the resin is melted, as wax, thereby protecting the plant from destruction. After the fire remain one of the trunks, covered in soot. Soon they grow leaves. This stress stimulates flowering, which proves important in life — procreation. Some gardeners specifically anneal trunks kantorei to trigger flowering, which is rare. In nature flowering occurs once in 10-15 years, usually after fires. Xanthorrhea after pajerphoto: ru.wikipedia.org Spike at kantorei long, to one and a half meters and more. White or cream-colored small flowers densely cover woody peduncle. A special decoration the flowers are not present, but have a nice honey flavor. The stalks are so hard when dry that the locals made them their spears, the tips which were glued with resin. The resin was collected in advance, heated, rolled out of her balls and kept. If necessary, the resin bead is heated and used resin as a glue. European settlers used the resin for the production of varnish, which can be used to cover food containers iron to prevent rust. In addition, local residents were prepared from the flowers sweet nectar. Xanthorrhea in Australiato: ru.wikipedia.org How to grow Xanthoria in the apartment? Among fans of indoor flower plant is considered hardy and adaptable to different conditions, but the basic rules are to be adhered to, then we will be able to admire one of the most unusual representatives of Australian flora. To start buy the seeds. The best time for planting is spring. Take a small container, pour the substrate of equal parts peat and sand. Bury the seeds at 5 mm, slightly covered with sand. Sprouts may appear after 2 weeks, but sometimes germination is delayed up to a year. At the time of germination is necessary to maintain the humidity of the substrate, but wet it should not be. The best temperature for growth is 20 degrees. Fledgling plant can adapt to even small, short-lived frost and heat. Since xanthorrhoea native to dry savannas, dry air of the apartment she will get used to it. The plant will be more pleasant to be in bright light, but in partial shade it will also live happily. Photo: Depositphotos Perhaps most importantly, what you need to pay attention to is air and moisture permeability of the soil. In nature Xanthoria grows on poor stony lands. Of course, more fertile soil, it will accelerate your growth. You can make this mixture: equal parts of peat, loam, leaf mold and coarse sand. It is desirable to add a bit of broken brick and gravel. Watering should be when the soil dries to a depth of 5 cm Plant to better survive drought than waterlogging. Feed with caution — small doses of complex fertilizers with low phosphorus content. Xanterra has a weak root system, therefore, does not tolerate transplanting. To reduce the period of adaptation after transplantation, you should use the method transfer. Before treatment the soil should be moisten to soil ball falling apart. If the pot is plastic, you can cut and remove the plant with a clod of earth. In a new pot should fill drainage, put the plant and fill the gap with fresh soil, sprinkle on top of the rubble. Leaves kantorei live 2-3 years, then wither. Such leaves need time to remove. If the young leaves appear dry ends, maybe the plant is not enough moisture. Photo: Depositphotos When waterlogging the plant looks unhealthy, leaves can turn brown in color. Brown leaves should be removed. At high humidity, the probability of occurrence of root rot and, consequently, death of the plant. San Jose scale, mealybug, spider mites often go to xanterra, so it is periodically necessary to inspect the plant and to get rid of pests. In conclusion, I want to say what plant it is desirable to start growing at a young age or to attach to the process of the younger generation, as it would be a pity if you die in the game survivor, according to our will raised in captivity. ...

This article describe tags: xanthorrhea, growing plants, Australia, Savannah, indoor gardening