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As in the old days hunted the whales? Part 1

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 13.02.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Whale Hunting, in our time, badly controlled for many years and centuries was the occupation of thousands of people, especially in those countries which had access to the sea. Now, we often at the mention of the phrase "the whale hunt" imagine the harsh North latitude and laconic bearded whalers. Or, alternatively, eskimo boats are in their natives, armed with harpoons and spears. However, numerous historical research suggests that hunting of whales for a long time (especially in the Middle ages) was common in Europe. And, oddly enough, not in the North, and to the South — on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. Only hunted here on the South of the baleen whales, which in those days dwelt here in great numbers. Of course, the idea that to go to sea to hunt the whale came to the man immediately. Still, the whale is not a rabbit, and even bear. But when the people were discovered on shore just washed ashore whale and convinced that their meat can be eaten, and fat to use for lighting (and not only) here and had the idea to go to sea (ocean) and hunt these huge mammals. It is known that the Basques hunted whales since the tenth century of our era. They built a special observation tower, and after a signal out to sea in boats with harpoons. Oswald Brierly, "Whalers"Photo: Source IN the XIII — XV centuries, whale hunting is so firmly entrenched in the life of the Basques, that the arms of many villages of the Bay of Biscay contained a picture of a whale. In one of the provinces of the future of Spain was the custom to send to the local king (Oh, and many there were once kingdoms) piece of whale meat. And cut from the back of the huge animal — that is, from head to tail. That's what! In another province first killed the whale this season as a whole (!) sent to the king. That, in turn, following the old custom, half of the carcasses were sent back. Interestingly, I had the meat in this case be broken or not? Basques preferred to hunt near the coast, for the occupation it was very dangerous. Nevertheless, cetaceans have produced dozens, and the time came when their numbers in the Bay of Biscay has decreased dramatically, and the whalers were forced to move to the North. At the same time, the whales (in Northern latitudes) quite successfully hunted and the Eskimos. If the Europeans failed hunting was unpleasant (but not fatal), then for the Inuit with their meager diet with hunting for large whales, by definition, had to be always successful. Otherwise, there was nothing there, it was a matter of survival. Bowhead whale caught by Eskimos on a traditional hunt in Igloolik (Nunavut) in 2002, godovoe: Ansgar Walk ru.wikipedia.org due To objective reasons of materials for use in the home of the Eskimos had some. Stones, skins and bones of animals, Yes fin pieces of native copper. Last valued by the Inuit is extremely high, and they even learned how to manufacture knives and arrow heads. Copper is relatively simply processed in primitive conditions. The Eskimos came out on whale hunting in canoes with a length up to 10 meters, each of which was located for 8 people. The hull of these vessels were made of wood covered with walrus skins and fastened the straps of walrus skin. It is known that eskimo bidari suited for swimming in the deep bays and rivers flowing into the ocean. Another interesting fact is that on these boats the natives used often to sail. The Eskimos, the sight of a whale was quickly immersed in Baidari and sailed for booty. The most experienced whalers had put a six-meter harpoon weighing more than 8 kg in the carcass of the animal is quite deep, and with the first attempt. Keith began to rage, wanted to go in depth, but this could not. The fact that the harpoon was tied long tench (rope) made of walrus skin, and surround the floats from the same leather. Keith was trying to go under water, then surfaced, then again tried to take and so on. Sometimes the whale is so rapidly tried to swim away from the hunters that Lin could even catch fire from the friction. To prevent this from happening, the side of the boat abundantly moistened with water before the hunt. And the whalers all the time metal harpoons in the animal and in a few hours the whale usually died. The Eskimos, of course, began the feast on the occasion of a successful hunt. The whales were also hunted Indians living in Northern Canada. In General, their style of hunting was close to the style of the Eskimos. Only Indians Lin was made of fibres of cedar bark, and the sharp tip of the harpoon used sharp and durable base sea shells. Bill Hill, "the whale Hunt", 1995, Photo: Source In the Aleutian Islands hunted whales differently. There the whalers moved on nimble canoe, single or double. The sight of a whale, the hunter would thrust into the carcass of the spear and tried to run away from a furious wounded animal. And after two or three days the whale died and was washed ashore. But the whale died not from one wound (albeit serious), and the fact that the tip of the spear has been treated with special venom. His Aleuts were made from local roots. When a decoction of the roots started to wander, it testified to its deadly qualities. The broth was treated with tips, and then you can start hunting. Chris Hopkins, "Aleut whaler"Photo: Source Aleuts carefully guarded the secret of his poison for copies. So was born the sinister legend that the poison Aleuts (and similar communities) are obtained from fat, vytaplivaete of human corpses... the whales were hunted off the coast of Japan. It is known that initially the Japanese used the European method of hunting, but then, at the end of the XVI th and beginning of the SEVENTEENTH century began to be used for catching whales heavy network. It is difficult to say how effective was the network, but it is known that was engaged in this rich people who could afford these networks to buy and. Painting of the XIX century, "the Corral of whales in the area of Taiji. The Edo period"Photo: ru.wikipedia.org Fishers of whales at that time were not only the owners of the ships, as well as processing facilities on shore with berths, warehouses, premises for rendering the valuable whale oil and playgrounds for butchering. And as the local people and strove to drag something out of production, these "craftsmen" have imposed strict corporal punishment, and followed the procedure a few dozen guards checked... to be Continued......

This article describe tags: Inuit, whaling, hunting, cetaceans, survival