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Than famous city of Engels? Part 1 :.: Article 13.02.2019 at 21:00 :.: Article

In the Saratov region there is an interesting town with unusual for these places by name — marks. And in this administrative-territorial unit of the Russian Federation is the town of Engels. Many people in our country know about it involuntarily when I get on the trolley. After all, some of them made it in Engels, on the plant Uritsky. In General, the city of Engels, came much later. And it happened under rather interesting circumstances related to economic issues in the Russian Empire. In 1747 the government establishes the state monopoly on the extraction of salt. It is known that part of it was brought from the Crimea, which was associated with certain difficulties due to the Turks. But still a lot of salt could be transported from the lake Baskunchak (now the Astrakhan region) and lake El'ton (now Volgograd region). So it was decided to reduce risk in the production and delivery of the necessary salts in the Central regions of Russia. The government decides to invite to the Saratov province of Salavatov (Chumakov) from the Ukraine. Those responded to the invitation that promised a good benefit, and soon, the province stretched from the current IDPs in Kharkiv, Kyiv and Poltava regions. They founded a settlement that later became the city of Engels. I. K. Aivazovsky, "Chumaky on vacation", 1885 Photo: At that time Saratov already existed. A new settlement placed in front of Saratov, on the flat meadow side. Immediately began to build the first houses and the salt barns. Founded the settlement at first was called Saratov earthen town. Very soon there built a temple in the name of the Intercession of the mother of God. After this, the settlement became known as a rather long and uncomfortable — Zavolzhsky little Russian Pokrovskaya Sloboda. In the first years of its existence, the office in the settlement was carried out on a sample of villages in the Ukraine, that is, during the General meeting were elected head and leader. Then this practice gradually came to naught. Generally, the settlement was established in a not very convenient place, since the spring of this valley with the houses and gardens are often flooded. On the other hand, the local Marina have become very popular, as shipping goods to the court here was easier. The monument to the coat of arms of the municipal district of Engels, "the Bull-solios" Photo: Flagoved, Eyewitnesses recall that the salt fish in the Pokrovskaya Sloboda has achieved considerable prosperity. Enterprising Chumaky quickly established his business here, and the salt of Pokrovskaya Sloboda exported to 13 regions of the Empire. By the way, in Saratov, then was the Salt Commissioner. Under Catherine II in life described the village (and region) brought about an important change. The Empress issued a decree in which in the Saratov province were invited hard-working and competent foreigners for land development. The decree was read in many cities of the Empire, and the Russian pulled the foreigners, primarily from the German lands. It should be noted that the decision of the Empress was surprisingly far-sighted. In fact, salt once had to end. Yes, and its consumption is very small. It's not bread, not potatoes. And foreigners, arriving in Saratov province, were taken for tillage, construction of brick factories, construction of shopping barge and so on. In General, the best way contributed to the formation of the regional economy. By the end of the EIGHTEENTH century Pokrovskaya Sloboda has grown substantially. And there was just three main national groups: Russians, great Russians and Germans. Formed a kind of international, and in a natural way. It is interesting that from those times until today survived the building of the salt excise official. And all because they built this house made of larch wood, which allowed the structure of the 1789-built without significant changes to hold on to our times. Pokrovskaya Sloboda, XX, wetfoto: Source In 1828 the inhabitants of Pokrovskaya Sloboda became state peasants. Thanks to foreign immigrants, the economic structure of the region gradually changed, in addition to commercial enterprises there appeared industrial. Salt fishing is gradually folded, and in 1850 the salt Pokrovsky trakt officially abolished. But it was not a disaster for the local population. Many of the descendants of Ruthenian Chumakov has managed to find another niche to make money. After the closure of the salt tract Pokrovskaya Sloboda became the County Novouzensk. He, in turn, was part of Samara province. It all now seems very strange, because to Saratov from Pokrovskaya Sloboda — hand! I. K. Aivazovsky, "the Ukrainian landscape with chumaks in the moonlight", 1869 Photo: As already mentioned, the local land was famous for good harvests. Due to this, Pokrovskaya Sloboda from the salt center quickly turned into bread center. A characteristic feature of these lands were tens and hundreds of windmills scattered throughout the County... to be Continued......