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How to transplant flowers in pots editor Fri, 03/08/2019 - 10:00
How to transplant flowers in pots that will need to know for every grower. Requirements for growing flowers, propagated and grown at home, not as difficult as exotic, bought in the store. Every houseplant in a period of growth needs a transplant. For such works are the basic rules.
rules transplant houseplants
in Spring all the plants Wake up and begin to grow. It comes time to transplant houseplants. Store-bought flowers can be transplanted a month after purchase, and you can do this job in a few months. Home adapted, the young plants are transplanted each year in the spring, three years – in two to three years.
the Pot soil can be replaced with:
partially remove the top layer of the soil to a depth of 4-5 cm; partially TRANS-plant; fully.
Partial replacement of the earth is held every six months, this will especially require in containers with large plants. The top layer is carefully removed without damaging the delicate surface roots of the flower, posypaetsya new soil suitable composition. The surface is watered to defend water at room temperature.
the Most safe and gentle for the roots method is handling. Whimsical flower requires transplanting this way. At any time of the year are transshipped plants, whose roots are peeking from the soil or from drainage holes. Earth com a little dried, slightly pot dominates, room, roots in the sky, and reloaded into a new pot 2 inches wider still. The edges of the clod with roots posypaetsya new soil, compacted, and watered.
the Full replacement of land is carried out when the depleted nutrients. Many doubt whether to touch the roots when transplanting. Definitely worth it. For this plant is removed completely from the pot, washed and inspected the roots. Damaged, dried up, diseased strands of the roots are removed. The capacity is chosen more than the pot for 3-5 inches. The mixture of soil should be selected according to the shape of a flower.
Transplanting purchased plants
For transplanting purchased plants there are subtleties. Before selling the land is saturated with nutrition for lush growth and flowering. Enough power for a few months, so don't hurry with the handling in the new land. Should find and read all about bought the flower, its nutrient requirements, soil composition, amount of watering.
the First month of the new plant must adapt to a new home. If the flower is purchased at a sale, it is required to inspect the root system. To do this, carefully remove from the pot and examine the prominent part of the root system. In the presence of damaged roots, remove them and treat extraction charcoal (powder) or other means of protection.
Placed the plant back into the pot or container is wider in scope, posypaetsya nourishing earth. The soil is prepared at home or bought in the store ready-made potting mix. After the transplant the flower to be watered and placed in a transparent bag or cover with transparent dust cap from the cake.
the Selection of tableware and the soil for transplanting plants
After the adaptation of some plants very quickly build up the root system, you will need another transplant. The condition for this are peek-a-Boo roots in the drainage holes of the pot. Without replenishment with new soil, a flower will suffer from lack of nutrients, which will affect appearance. This does not apply to epiphytic plants that do not need nutrients from the soil.
the Selection of pot
the Pot is chosen according to the size, volume. Take into account the material from which the container is made. The size selected is wider and deeper than 4-5 cm. To calculate the required volume of the pot you can add when transferring 10% to the former.
Plastic pots are lightweight, they can be transplanted the plants are small in size and young pagon and appendages for reproduction. Tall plants should be transplanted in a clay or ceramic container, which is heavy and stable. Clay and ceramic pots need a good wash, pour over boiling water, soak overnight.
the Composition of the soil mixtures
the Earth is chosen according to the composition for each plant shall be sufficiently loose and nutritious. In a specialty store to buy a ready mixture, and cooked at home. The main components are soil, sand, peat and nutrients. For the basis of using sod, leaf, coniferous or soil from a compost heap.
Turf ground is taken in the spring in areas where there are wild grasses or legumes. This is removed with a shovel bowl turf 10 cm thick, cut into cubes. Add up the cubes of grass inside, in a container or wrapped in foil. During the year, the soil to turn over at least once, for the winter shelter. Next spring it can be used.
For the ground sheet needs to go into the woods or the forest, where there are Linden, maple, acacia. Soil from under oak or chestnut should not take, it contains many substances that are unfit for transplanting houseplants. The ground sheet you can prepare yourself, if you have your land. The withered leaves collect in a pile, hiding from drying out.
the thickness of the layer should be 1-1,5 meters, mixed with pieces of bark and thin branches. During the year, a lot is required to turn over several times for uniformity, for the winter shelter. After a year it is fit for use.
Coniferous land going under trees with pieces of bark and twigs. It is mixed throughout the year, is covered for the winter. Apply for the colors in indicators like soil with a high content of level of acidity. Similar to the use of land, going in a zone of germination of Heather.
the Soil is homemade compost is well-decomposed, in a year or two from the time of laying the pile. It is a valuable organic fertilizer is a small part in the interchange components of the earth.
For transplantation of indoor plants you want to create a certain soil composition. At home you can do if someone learns on the websites of the desired dosage. To do this, enter the name of the plant (used even the popular name) to the site to find more information about this type.
There is also a detailed description of the composition of the soil, tips and rules transplant.
Before planting or transplanting flower soil must be decontaminated.
you can use a container with small holes in the bottom. Soil to put into it and spill the boiling water. If the soil is harvested in the summer, you can fry it in the sun under glass, closed with black tape. You can also use the drug "fitosporin" which destroys bacteria and fungi, earth nourishes the beneficial microorganisms. The soil prepared in the autumn, promarijuana in extreme cold, sent out a thin layer on any plane. It is possible to fry the earth in the oven, but it will lose a part of useful substances.
should Not be used for decontamination of chemical agents, this method can damage not only flowers, but also living in the apartment.
For looseness of the soil is added fried river coarse sand, pieces of charcoal, Styrofoam, bark. In what proportions, and how to make the components of soil, can be found on the website on gardening.
the Transplantation of a flower
the Time to transplant flowers in early spring. After winter calm colors Wake up and move into growth.
the Work begins with the preparation of the pot, soil, water for irrigation, drainage, tools. Further steps, performed transplantation of plants: the First step is to prepare the pot. Clay or ceramic pot before planting are soaked overnight. Plastic is washed, dried. On the bottom of the tank poured on the drainage layer of 2 cm (concrete block, brick, pieces of broken pot). Removed the plant and inspected the roots for damage or disease. Carefully cleaned the roots from the upper earthen coma. Is required, the roots are shortened. To do this, remove shears or scissors part of the root system, processed by charcoal powder. The pot is filled with soil, a layer of 2 cm, placed the roots of the flower. Planting depth should be the same as before the transplant. Fill in all the gaps with wet soil. Fingers Obinitsa the ground around the trunk, osypaetsya.
the Flower is watered, given some rules:
if the plant does not like moisture – planting is made in wet soil will need to be watered 3-4 days in the pan; the flower, which is cropped or cut off damaged roots, pour in 5-6 days (wounds on roots must heal). Every day only to refresh the leaves by spraying.
If you do everything right, the flower will become lush and thank the beautiful flowering. Link to step-by-step transplanting plants:
Lunar calendar of the gardener
Growers are wondering why to use the lunar calendar for plant care, if any difference in the timing of the transplant? Using the influence of the lunar cycle, you can reduce the stress state of the flower when transplanting. For the term transplantation is used the time of SAP flow during the growing phase of the moon. The root system is not so delicate, calmly transplant, will develop in the new soil, build up your system.
If the plant has thrown the color of the buds, even under favorable location of the phases of the moon, it should not be transplanted.
it is Also not necessary to touch it in the dormant period, winter. There are exceptions in case of breakage of the barrel or pot, when the soil settled insects. The phases of the lunar calendar, is advised not only to transplant the plant, but to water, propagate and care for him.
Transplanting plants, growers make the same common errors:
work on the replanting carried out at the wrong time; the wrong size is selected and the volume of the pot; the soil is not suitable kind of flower; planting is made without a drain; break the rules of transplantation.
Such errors should be avoided, to follow the simple rules of care, to protect plants from the stress of the transplant.
Experienced growers give advice on how to transplant flowers in pots. You need to use them to treat with love for their flowers, talking to them during care. Flowers feel good attitude, more luxuriant bloom and grow without causing problems.
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