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Stalin's death: the mourning of right and wrong 11.03.2019 at 16:06 -

The Mechanism of repressions launched by Stalin with new force after the war, continued to operate by inertia, and after his death. The public security organs, which are on 5 March 1953, was sent to the order of Lavrenty Beria, was monitored as the death of the leader of the Soviet citizens react as held ceremonies who mourn properly and who is not. Hundreds of people were arrested and convicted of denunciations with accusations of "inappropriate" behavior or "wrong" mourning for the dead. Summaries of the reports of agents and operatives are stored in the archives of the NKVD-KGB and, due to the fact that in Ukraine, these archives were opened a few years ago, we can see what happened in the death tapovanam Soviet society in those days.

Arkhipova, Alexandra (Research group of "Monitoring of current folklore", ION Ranepa): "...the Party organs on the ground not really understand what these ceremonies should be included, except the guard of honor at the bust of the leader and the mourning rally on the enterprise. Therefore, the Soviet citizens, appalled by the disappearance of the leader of their life, said goodbye to the father of Nations as well as they could, and it would often invent their own rituals that have established (or have ripped) your personal connection with the leader. One woman, for example, tore down a portrait of Stalin and danced on it, and another specifically bought it, "the house hung a portrait on the wall, wrapped it in the remains of his pioneer tie, and then fell to his knees and swore that he would give for the cause of the party all the forces, and if need be, and the life."

"...the Ministry of state security (March 5, 1953 of the Ministry of interior – approx. mine) threw all their forces to control how the mourning. With every factory, city or village daily were detailed reports about acceptable or unacceptable forms of expression of grief among the Soviet citizens. Was considered acceptable public expression of emotion, and specifically highlighted the degree of "infectiousness" of crying. The drafters of the reports described scenes of grief is extremely detailed, with a touch of a psychological drama. For example, from the report, in Kiev for March 6, we learn that the female teachers of the school № 8 was crying in the staff room, lying on the sofa and the chairs around. Schoolgirls learn from teachers about what is happening, also started to cry. They called an ambulance. One of the teachers found the strength to stand up and remind that they need to teach and learn and this is their debt to comrade Stalin."

the Archive of the SBU

"...a Significant concern for MGB in mourning days brought students, which could not fail to affect the prevailing hysteria. According to the memoirs, students of a Moscow school was influenced by rumors that Stalin had killed American agents, came to the U.S. Embassy and long stood silently in front of him, "thus expressing contempt for the murderers." 6 Mar in different cities began to appear leaflets the content of which generally follows the official rhetoric: "take Courage! Be of good courage, steadfastly carry the heavy loss! Comrade Stalin will always live in our hearts. Comrade Stalin is with us".

"...the Reluctance to cry in mourning could become the basis for charges of anti-Soviet agitation. In the city of Nikolaev citizen Terekhov asked his neighbor, worker Alexey Barenco if he cried. "Yes, I cried – ironically replied Alex, because he [Stalin] had not died." Trouble witty work, his neighbor worked for the authorities and her question was a well-calculated provocation. After this replica Baranco was arrested.

"...Eighteen-year-old student of 7th class of the Lviv school of Larisa Gorinsky, dared to say during the memorial service: "good riddance!" – was immediately assaulted by their own fellow students and an orphanage. The authorities dealt with her much more severely: for one single phrase Gorinsky three weeks after the incident, was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment".

"...Reports of the MGB are full of reports about the refusal of the Soviet people from the food and drink: in Vinnytsia one worker said that after the radio he "can't eat".

"...on March 6, vigilant citizens noticed that the student of the Odessa naval school Fedorov during the mourning rally read the book. After the "study" cadet, shouting that he was "not indifferent and not an enemy," he ran outside and threw himself under a tram".

a Few days, to the funeral of Stalin and after, many people were in a state of temporary insanity, a severe mental strain, therefore, was wrong in public speeches, getting the attention of the authorities, which inevitably led to the arrest and criminal case.

the Archive of the SBU

there are numerous examples of the opposite behavior during the mourning days.

Excerpts from the Supervisory review of the Prosecutor's office and the Supreme court in cases of anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda:

Prikhodko I. F., foreman of the tractor operators from the Rostov region, came to the dormitory drunk, and took from his pocket a vodka bottle and addressed the audience: "let's Drink for Stalin, because he died, thanks to him, that he built us a hundred ninety thousands of concentration camps".

Tabulae A., farmer, Uzbek, in the village, seeing a crying neighbor, "said with a smile: "Found something to cry about".

Kychkina A. F., maid of Stalino, after a memorial service tried to buy a newspaper out of turn. In response to a comment said standing in queue at a newspaper kiosk: "He is dead, and you will die."

N Raschupkin.P. working on the boat from the city of Minusinsk, was at a party, drank about reports of Stalin's funeral said, "have Died, to hell with it, he lived 73 years, and we do not live, they sit there, thousands of get, the belly eats, but we're working day and night for 100 rubles".

Kotov M. N., Cooper from Tula, said he was pleased with the death of Stalin that "of the millions of people sucking the blood." Called Communists tramp.

Chudinov, A. I., worker of the Gorky automobile plant, said that he is happy that Stalin has died, that he had a lot of people rot in prisons, and suggested to drink "for the new king".

Usually in such cases the courts handed down harsh sentences — up to 10 years imprisonment. Such a period, for example, received a working machine shop, the hearth shop of the plant in Dnepropetrovsk, A. V. Kuznetsov, who on March 4, 1953, when reporting on the health status of Stalin with irony told everyone: "the dark uneducated Asses, too, is bleeding in the brain." It immediately told her co-workers and Smiths were arrested.

Magnificent picture of the people's farewell to the Generalissimo created by official propaganda in the spring of 1953, and was not included in the Communist history books. Remained popular rumor and vague memories of what a lot of people took the death of Stalin as a personal drama. People were afraid of the troubled times, feared that without the great leader of the country will become a "victim of the imperialists and warmongers". But I was worried about and much more worldly anxiety. It would not at loggerheads with each other successors of Stalin, it would not have resulted romp in the Kremlin in the new political purges and the suppression of sedition. Many people, especially Muscovites, and for many years remembered about those troubled days of March and sometimes talked about what happened in Moscow, friends and acquaintances.


Alexander Arkhipov: "Sneezing, smiling, died. What were arresting people in the day of Stalin's death" (with permission from the edition of the Republic)

the Anthology "Russia. XX Vek"


1953. The ides of March