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Photo by Paul Schmick. Courtesy of the D.C. Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post.
9 Jun 1960, thirteen students of Howard University (seven black and six white) that are included in the Nonviolent Action Group (NAG), an organization opposed to racial segregation in Virginia, Maryland and Washington, came to the institution People's Drug Store in Arlington (Virginia), sat at the bar and ordered coffee. So began a sitting of the human rights campaign, named after Restaurant Sit-In.
At the time, was a real challenge — according to the so-called "Jim crow Laws" the colored citizens of America could go to cafes and restaurants for whites, but only in order to buy something there and go. Sitting in a cafe with the white nigga had no right. There were cafes that do not adhere to the rules of segregation, but a few large chain eateries in "white" areas, followed them strictly. Against them and was aimed protest NAG.
01. Photo taken Smykom Floor that day. Everything on this picture to take part in the NAG. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
the Third to the left of the person sitting behind the Desk, his name is Dion diamond. He was 19 years old. He desperately brave, she is fearless. The students respect him and even a bit afraid.
02. So they sat for a few hours. In the foreground Gwendolyn green, she just got refused service. Next to her another member of the group NAG David Hartsaw — he leafs through his notebook and smokes because worried. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
After a sit-in rally in a diner on Lee Highway, 4700 guys went to a place next to Drug Fair. That there "were some niggers and Jews" quickly became known in the local office created two years before that, the American Nazi party.
03. The activist of the Nazi party, with swastika on sleeve reads Waterski the text of the leaflets of the party David, Hartsoe (left) and head of group NAG Lawrence Henry. As usual with Natsik, there is something about the "Jew power of the rich" and that "niggers are not human". Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post 04. Snack bar People's Drug Store the next day. The owners, in desperation, took off seat at the bar and left only one working the cashier. But the guys still came and sat on the remaining chairs. They began to serve and again they just sat behind the counter. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
June 10, Dion diamond, who was afraid of nobody gave a single share. He went into the diner Cherrydale Drug Fair in the same Arlington, took the stand and began to prepare for classes.
05. Local white youth stunned by such impudence. The guys surrounded Diona and become his in every possible way to screw up. Verbal, of course, because the assault could ogresti trouble — after all, this was 1960, not 1920. However, the cuff diamond can earn easily. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
anyway, but to withstand the muddy stream of anger rushing you in the back, you need to have a lot of courage. In Diona threw cigarette butts, humiliated verbally.
06.Look at the face of diamond. White boy pokes him in the face with his finger and says nasty things. Dion unfazed, his face half-smile. Few blacks would dare such a thing at the time. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
while single stock to dimando was a whole group of Nazis, led by their Fuhrer and party founder George Lincoln Rockwell. Rockwell was a Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Navy retired, an anti-Semite and a racist, a major figure in the Nazi movement in the postwar United States. It was called "American Hitler".
07. Nazi NIT, which pronounces something dymondo finished his short age after six years — in 1967, Rockwell will shoot his colleague in the party (some money showdown). When 78-year-old father of Rockwell learned of the death of his son, he said, "I'm not surprised. I was expecting this for quite a long time." Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
Guess who in these cases were detained by the police? That's right, the niggers, not the Nazis.
08. Sergeant Roy Loki and Lieutenant Ernest summers search of Dion diamond and Laurence Henry before their arrest in connection with a complaint the Manager of the restaurant Howard Johnson's in Arlington. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post 08. On magshoe well see how diamond reacted to his arrest and where he spit all this racist bastard.
a Known participant in the American civil rights movement blacks Stokely Carmichael was once in the same cell together with the diamond. That night, they lay down a drunken policeman with a gun in his hand and began to threaten the guys. "Today I will have a couple of dead niggers," the COP mumbled, shifting the gun from one to the other. His eyes were bloodshot, wrote then Stokely — he was absolutely insane. And then I couldn't believe my ears. Out of the corner, where he sat Dion I heard: "come on, asshole, nobody is afraid. Shoot, do it, if you're such a bastard".
— for heaven's Sake, dione, shut up, you can see he's drunk, rushed to him Stockley. He later said that was already finished, and the diamond was still ironic and fearless. He literally stunned COP to his verbal attack. He stood still a little, lowered the gun and silently walked out of the chamber.
And I said to Dion, continued Stockley, — You de man, bro, I'ma follow you. I'ma follow you. (You're the man, brother, I will follow you I will go).
09. He really was fearless and tough, this Dion diamond. For example, he came alone to picket the Nazis from the amusement Park, Glen Echo with its anti-racist poster and was there to walk beside her aunt, who had written that "we do not want to swim in a pool with niggers". Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post
here's what A victory. Two weeks later, a sitting protest in Arlington local eateries and restaurants gave up and declared that overturned segregation rules for color.
10. On 23 June 1960 the band NAG celebrate the success of his campaign in a cafe Drug Fair, where just a few days ago they were attacked by the Nazis. In the photo you're already familiar with Lawrence Henry (right) and Dion diamond with a Cup of coffee in hand. Now no one dares to refuse her. Photo by Gus Chinn. Courtesy of the DC Public Library Washington Star Collection © Washington Post After the victory in Virginia, members of the NAG moved to Maryland, where he continued his fight for civil rights of the colored people of America.
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