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How did Cappadocia?

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 30.03.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Cappadocia is a region in Central Turkey. It is known from ancient times. Herodotus in the V century BC, wrote about the Cappadocians that seized the region from the Taurus mountains to the coast of Pontus Akshinskogo, as the Greeks called the Black sea. Referred to region and in the VI century BC during the reign of the Persian kings Darius and Xerxes. Then Cappadocia was part of the Persian Empire. The Persians came up with the name "Jaspuduf", or "the land of beautiful horses". On clay tablets of the time archaeologists find notes about horses, horsemanship. In 1600 BC the Anatolians, the people of the late Bronze age, were living in Cappadocia, and called the region of the heavens. Later, in the I Millennium BC, there appeared the underground city for tens of thousands of residents and underground monasteries of the early Christians. Today, some cave dwellings converted into hotels. Geographically, Cappadocia and its unlike anything the landscape has been formed millions of years ago. The uniqueness of the local Geology owes to two factors: volcanic eruptions and erosion. Photo: Depositphotos somewhere in the beginning of the Cenozoic, 65 million years ago, there were raging volcanoes and flowing lava flows that covered the surface of the tuffs. Tuff — a light, cemented, porous rock. He was one of the first of finishing materials in the history of mankind. And in Cappadocia in the hills of tufa did the whole city. Lava and tuff lined terrain, making mountain, the region became the plateau. However, the erosion and weathering of the newly formed hills, as well as the main celebrity of Cappadocia hoodoo, or perimacular. "Peribacalar" translates from Turkish as "the fireplace fairies" or "fairy chimney". Worse, it is really similar to flues: high pointed base are crowned with a wide stone. Inside hoodoos consist of soft sedimentary rocks and the upper layer more resistant to erosion. The dimensions of the hood are in the range from 1.5 metres to a height of 10-storey building. Hoodoos gradually destroyed, this is a natural process. But in our century will suffice: some of the "chimney" of collapse since the beginning of the Quaternary period, a couple million years. The process of formation of hoodoos, incidentally, also has not ended. Photo: Depositphotos because of its location at high altitude (1,000 metres above sea level) Cappadocia has a continental climate, with hot dry summers and cold, snowy winters. Precipitation is rare and the area is mostly semi-arid. Changes in temperature also affected the formation of the relief. In addition to the geological attractions, Cappadocia is famous for its underground cities of early Christians (Derinkuyu and Kaymakli), dwellings, cave people, troglodytes, hot air balloon rides, as well as Goreme historical Park with many ancient churches. Among them is "the Church with sandals". At the entrance to her somehow the traces of the sandals of the parishioners, who lived somewhere in the beginning of the Millennium. Another interesting agricultural fact. The local population for hundreds of years used to get the manure of horses and cattle, and pigeons. There are in Cappadocia even a pigeon Valley, in the hills, which are hollowed out houses for pigeons. Of these mini-caves of the past and farmers collected manure. Photo: Depositphotos is the best time to visit Cappadocia in may, June, September and October. In October also a celebration of the harvest takes place. To get from Russia is not easy — there are no direct flights. Fly to Istanbul and from there a flight to Nevsehir or Turkey and then by bus. A bus directly from Istanbul to go, but the road will take 11 hours. It is best to come for a week, otherwise you'll have to gallop to run at interesting sites and only in the head of a hodgepodge of hoodoo remains!...

This article describe tags: Cappadocia, weathering, Turkey, interesting sights