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Business / Finance

Uncontrolled purchasing: irregularities in public procurement was estimated at 153 billion

Banki.ru: monitoring of the banking press 07.05.2019 at 07:20

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The Finance Ministry first estimated the direct violations of the procurement law. We are talking about the amount of 153 billion by 2018, says the report of the Ministry ("news" acquainted with the document). Among the violations — unreasonably overstated or understated the contract price or a wrong method of its determination, explained in the Ministry. In fact, according to experts, the total amount of the loss is much more, however, in monetary terms, to rate them is difficult. As a result of verification, the FAS revealed that 30% of tenders for 44-FZ are restriction of competition, to the document of the Ministry of Finance. The key issue of public procurement is that customers intentionally form requirements for contractor thus to cut off from participation "unwanted" company. In reality, the losses of the budget in public procurement is approximately 20% of the contracts, experts believe.

Directly abused

violations of Federal law 44-FZ on public procurement by the end of 2018 at a cost at least 153 billion, according to the monitoring of the Ministry of Finance with reference to estimates of the Federal Treasury. We are talking in particular about the unjustified increase or decrease the contract price or a wrong method of its determination, explained "news" in a press-Department service.

Total authorities concluded last year agreements with contractors on 6.8 trillion rubles. Against this background, the amount of violations is relatively low — just over 2%. But it included only the direct abuses committed by government agencies. For example, such as unreasonable procurement, false statements, intentional failure of the contracts. However, in reality the amount of abuse is much higher — for example, in cases where all legal procedures formally complied with, but in fact the purchase is in the interests of specific individuals, not the state, said the head of National anticorruption Committee Kirill Kabanov. Estimates that his organization, in fact, the hidden disorders be at least 20% of the total volume of state orders for 44-FZ, or about 1.3 trillion rubles. A similar view is held by the Federal Treasury (FC). As told "Izvestia" a source in FC, they estimated the government overcharged in their purchases an average of at least 10-15%.

the benefit of this position is indirectly confirmed by a number of factors. So, 40% of published in the unified information system of the contests (worth 3.4 trillion rubles) was not completed due to lack of competition, the monitoring of the Ministry of Finance. In particular, we are talking about cases where direct participation was allowed only one potential contractor. Under the legislation, such purchase may be deemed not valid if the customer does not justify the feasibility of entering into an agreement with a particular contractor. More than 60% of the contracts (4.2 trillion rubles) was concluded with the sole supplier.

Another factor confirming assessments Kirill Kabanov is plenty of violations in the selection of the contractor. So, as a result of inspections of almost 27 thousand tender procedures of the Federal Antimonopoly service found that 30% of them are carried out with the restriction of competition, the document says the Ministry of Finance.

"Izvestia" appealed to the Treasury and the Federal Antimonopoly service with the request to clarify what the abuse began last year, the largest. At the time of publication of government agencies the questions are not answered.

for

the imperfection of the procedures of public procurement have repeatedly pointed out to the government. For example, Deputy Finance Minister Tatyana Nesterenko said on the need to develop clear rules of formation of government contracts, primarily their prices. The head of the chamber Alexei Kudrin said earlier that public procurement is one of the major "pain points" of the country in terms of corruption. Overvaluation of contracts is the result of problems of formation of state order for all stages — starting with justification for purchases.

the Problem of limited competition is the key in the field of public procurement, experts believe. The current legislation has too many loopholes in order not to admit to participation in competition of market players, experts said Ranepa Sergey Belev. For example, many contests are published at the end of the year, so potential candidates for ordering too little time to prepare. Moreover, in many tenders, the applications come from inter-affiliated companies. This creates the appearance of competition and allows you to comply with the formal requirements to the procedure for public procurement, but in reality, regardless of who wins the contest will benefit one and the same side, says Sergey Belev.

the Ministry of Finance believe that it is necessary to simplify the procurement procedure, follows from the document of the Ministry. For example, give customers a possibility to consider as potential executors of not only the companies, whose applications were admitted to the competition, but the whole range of organizations that produce related products or services. This will solve the problem with the failed competitions.

to Improve the public procurement system can only increase competition for the order, said the Director of the Institute of strategic analysis FBK Igor Nikolaev. This should be possible to generalize the requirements to the contractor that the competition can take part as many applicants. In addition, you should abandon the practice of concluding a contract with a single supplier. According to Sergey Belev, the problem can be solved by the tightening of sanctions for failure to comply with current legislation. For example, now customers must publish a schedule of accommodation procurement and strictly followed, to identify needs for goods and services based on standards. However, in practice these requirements are not met. To improve the situation with the state order, for violation of these regulations shall be provided in substantial fines.

Dmitry GRINKEVICH