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What is the "pole of inaccessibility"?

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 03.07.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

If you ask people the question about the pole, the North and South poles remember immediately. A little later, and mentioned about the magnetic pole. But about the "pole of inaccessibility" probably don't know everything. I found out about this interesting place not so long ago. The pole of relative inaccessibility appeared on maps through the canadian polar Vilalara Stefansson. Studying the Arctic, this man offered to the pole of inaccessibility to designate part of the Arctic ocean with the center at point 84 degrees North latitude and 175 degrees West longitude. From the name itself it is clear that this part of the Earth farthest from the continents and adjacent to these continents and Islands. Almost until the Second world war, the pole of relative inaccessibility have not visited one. Vilhjalmur of Stefansson: ru.wikipedia.org Quite by accident in 1928, an American pilot Wilkins made an emergency landing on the drifting ice near the pole of relative inaccessibility. Time American here, spent a bit (thank God, otherwise I would die!) however, he measured echo sounder depth of the ocean below his plane. And the device showed the result of 5440 metres. Wilkins returned home and told about his adventures, and with his light hand this part of the harsh Arctic ocean is considered the deepest place in the Arctic. But this state of Affairs did not last long. The fact is that before the world war (April 1941) the assignment of specialized research organizations, the Soviet Union organized a very successful expedition to the pole of inaccessibility. For getting groups of researchers have proposed different options, but decided to stay on the well-reputed aircraft "USSR-N-169". Arctic, near the pole of inaccessibility, 1941 Photo: Source Plane at the time was quite large. He had four engines, and on Board it took 10 people (at the time of the flight to the pole was 7 pilots, and explorers — all three). Well, except for the people on the aircraft, there were many places for the necessary scientific apparatus and instruments. In that year, the main pilot of the Soviet heavy aircraft was the polar pilot Cherevichny, who eventually became a Hero of the Soviet Union. Cherevichny brilliantly planted and raised his aircraft on the ice, which caused a General admiration for a skilled pilot. The famous polar Asa Cherevichny and M. V. Vodop'yanov, 1948 Photo: Source at all, the plane Cherevichny was based in the Bay of Rogers (on Wrangel island) and from there flew directly to the pole of inaccessibility. Scientists working on the ice in harsh conditions. They slept in regular tents, dressed in warm clothes and then sinking into special sleeping bags. Primus for at least some of the heating tent was lit only at night. The Soviet expedition to the pole of inaccessibility was quite fruitful in research terms. For example, our scientists managed to establish that the depth of the Arctic ocean does not exceed 2700 meters. That is, American Wilkins gave the erroneous data for the most likely. In addition, our scientists have found that contrary to popular belief, at this point, the ice has no solid cover, and consists of ice fields and fragments of multi-year ice. Was also fixed the hole in the ice and cracks. Soviet polar expedition spent at the pole of inaccessibility magnetic measurements. In addition, with the help of special mechanisms were able to take water samples from different depths and to obtain data about the inhabitants of the local waters. The Lomonosov ridge on Karafuto: ru.wikipedia.org during the war research activities in this place stopped. It resumed only in 1948, when our explorers, using the data of their predecessors, found and carefully researchers under the ice elevation called the Lomonosov ridge. And then there was a long study of the local water, microorganisms, flora and fauna, underwater currents, and more... But later. And with better tools. Therefore, the results of those scientific studies is still relevant....

This article describe tags: Vilhjalmur Stefansson, polar, polar expedition, expedition, Arctic, Arctic ocean, research, research