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The Issue of relevance in the modern army hand-to-hand combat and bladed weapons often discussed on the Internet. No, not the military, and ordinary citizens. Opinions vary, but most believe that hand-to-hand training of the soldier is necessary. But how else? Suddenly, the fighter will be left without ammunition to face the enemy closely, he will have to seize the prisoner, to neutralize the terrorist... and so on, a list of possible situations is very large. Finally someone recalls the words of Suvorov "bullet and bayonet-the good fellow". Usually it is the last argument, for who will question the opinion of the great commander? But W dare-ka challenge... No, of course, not Suvorov. While the popular opinion about the relevance of edged weapons and close combat training in the modern army and modern war. If unarmed combat is used in military operations, the feasibility of cold weapons of neoborimaja: Depositphotos When, how long melee was the military, of course, necessary and actively used on the battlefield? Perhaps, yet firearms have not reduced the probability of direct contact with the enemy to a minimum. Here Suvorov soldiers in the late eighteenth century suggest the enemy of horror, brilliantly manifesting itself in bayonet attacks. Here later Lermontov describes the battle of Borodino: What do you mean the Russian battle removed,Our hand to hand combat! Used bayonets and half a century later, during the defense of Sevastopol. And even in the First world war, when dramatically increased the firepower on the battlefields of the chemical weapons, Russian faceted bayonet still relevant. And Civil war — all well known — the cavalry does use swords. And even members of the great Patriotic war has left memories of melee. N. D. Dmitriev-Orenburg, "Bayonet fighting regiments of the Russian guard with Turkish infantry on the heights Sistemskih 14 Jun 1877", 1881 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org importantly, a section of unarmed combat in modern and include Guidance on physical training (NPP). What's in it? RB-N — initial, developing all called to serve in primary training;RB-1 — common to all conscripts and contract;RB-2 for the airborne, Marines, motorized infantry;RB-3 for reconnaissance units;special sections for the special forces, depending on their purpose. Training of the red army, 1941 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org the total (RB-1) section contains punches, kicks and protection from them, strikes sapper shovel, protection from certain attacks with a knife. RB-2 — protection from the attacks of the grips and the basic strokes of the knife. RB-3 — protection against attacks with a knife and bayonet, basic pain and some chokes. Plus sequestration and knife throwing. Ah Yes, the complex RB-N (primary) includes the proverbial bayonet. All! Bayonet fighting, the Marines of Safoto: ru.wikipedia.org it would Seem, not so little. That's just the physical training of conscripts is expected to take approximately 3 hours per week; contract — 5 hours per week; for students — 4 hours a week. Plus daily 30-50 minutes of cardio, sports events (sports competitions, shows and festivals) are assumed to be twice a week for an hour for the contract, plus three hours per weekend for conscripts. The main focus of this training is partly General and special physical training. For the sake of justice agree: for a soldier this is important. With this task such a regime, at the very least, can cope. What to hand combat is what is called "nothing". That is, three hours a week may be enough for a decent close combat training. But if the priority is to keep soldiers in shape, improve overall fitness, and the allotted hours are devoted mostly to this. Besides, it's easier. For a quality education, melee need a competent instructor. And General fitness for the "average" soldier is a lot more popular. And how often do you want the soldier hand-to-hand or currently fashionable knife and bayonet? Bayonet-knife for AKM, the soldiers of the Polish Arietta: ru.wikipedia.org a Modern soldier in modern military operations, strategy and tactics which suggests that the more distance, with less risk of the enemy hit the better? Where the weapon is developed on the principle of "more, more powerful and more accurate," and a soldier seek, as far as possible, be protected from destruction? So that you have to develop a weapon more power, as the old is bad? What are the chances to apply the skills of unarmed combat or possession of cold weapons in modern warfare — what is the probability of a successful application? The second is a small. The first one — below. Hand to hand combat for the modern soldier — a result likely error command selection bad tactics, poor preparation or weak supply of ammunition... If the enemy does reason let the remaining ammunition of the enemy at a distance of unarmed combat. In the world actively fighting, but how often do you hear about a head-on collision of forces, the assault fortified? Do you have any idea where in modern warfare, you may need the same bayonet? At all times, the military sought to inflict maximum damage with the least risk possible for yourself. Yes, even knights and samurai did not forget to put on the armor and use guns, bows and crossbows! Bayonet carbine Simonov (the changing of the guard of the presidential regiment)Photo: ru.wikipedia.org And the whole evolution of military Affairs of Europe goes in this direction as soon as possible. Knights are replaced by arrow-Reiter — too obespechenie because they are forced to get close for an effective shot, risking getting shot because the attacked infantry also armed with firearms! And understand its structure, prevent standing in front of the pikemen... the lancers are already perceived as a necessary measure, as mostly cover shooters. And with the invention of the bayonet from them easily give up. But to come together in hostility do not seek! By the mid-eighteenth century tactics of the rifles reaches a peak three or four lines of infantry, sequentially successive — volley, pushed forward other rank — volley, again change, this time shoot reloaded... Places bayonet no, the training is focused on synchronicity and speed of action shooters on the maximum seal of fire. And then there is a Suvorov with his "bayonet — well done" seems to be breaking all of my arguments. But not quite! Suvorov calls "to preserve the bullet" and then specifies "shoot strong" and "whole shoot". And with the rapid convergence and, indeed, to recharge once and "bullet in the muzzle" reasonably to take care of in case of emergency. Bayonets carbines of Sexfoto: ru.wikipedia.org Blow the same hostility applied not anyhow, but in very specific tactical niche: with well-calculated distance, where quick charging allows you to first slip, the effective range of artillery salvo: "the Fuse on the canister! — Tossed on buckshot! — Flies over head"; then — ahead of rechargeable guns of the enemy: "80 yards away from protivnika front to run forward 10 to 15 steps across the line grapeshot a large field of artillery; at 60 fathoms, the same changes via a line regiment of artillery, and 60 steps — the right features of bullets." And in addition to the bayonet, Suvorov teaches target shooting, it is also innovation. Here's a "bullet fool"... And we all refer to Suvorov. But he fought at a different time, and most importantly — understand that everything has its place. Sane commander always wanted to win with minimal risk. Preferably the distance and staying as secure as possible. Modern military Affairs is developing in the same direction. Hence the desire to increase the range of effective action of the weapon; the emphasis on self-guided and remote-controlled weapons; a variety of protective equipment, including body armor, and more. And all this is constantly improving! The battle is with the use of bladed weapons, as do melee and hand-to-hand "without anything", and close combat using edged or firearms — is fraught with mutual defeat. That is exactly the thing that modern armies tend to avoid. Effective possession of melee techniques (and with melee weapons and without) require substantial time for training and support training. Russian infantry, the bayonets of primknete: ru.wikipedia.org do we See such in the armies of today? Not really. Even in special forces. Though, because modern military tech and soldiers take time for a full development of the Arsenal of tools and knowledge. Plus everyday duties, which has not been canceled. And melee training at the appropriate level in the service schedule simply does not fit. And in our time easier and more efficient to use, e.g., silent and low noise of the firearms, rather than to throw back to back with the same knife, risking to run into counter blow. But rather a bullet.
The efficiency of firearms at close range is higher than that of the same knife. Especially given the personal armor, it is very complicating the use of bladed weapons. Of course, you can attack and armor unprotected areas — but to say this is much easier than done in a stressful situation, combat-ready, armed and motivated enemy... the Shot will likely send the enemy flying. Even protected by a bulletproof vest. This is called the stopping action. That knife is very small, so that the defeated enemy could not deprive him of the capability here and now. Red Army soldiers are going to attack. The great Patriotic war, 1941 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org And "niche" for combat use of a knife in a modern army are very limited, remove the watch, and the like... Which is also solved without a knife — using the Arsenal of firearms from silent to choke. And do such tasks, but the reconnaissance and sabotage and other special forces soldiers which just held proper, in-depth training. The rest is supposed to give a General, introductory course in unarmed combat. A knife for a soldier primarily a tool, and only in the most extreme case is the weapon. In the most extreme, when tactical blunders and other mistakes of command led to the fact that the soldiers were face to face with the enemy without ammunition, without fire support and without the ability to avoid a collision. Modern bayonet OKC-3S (armed corps of the U.S. marine corps since 2003)Photo: ru.wikipedia.org As they say in a known joke: to join in the melee, the special forces soldier needs to Lose on the battlefield, machine gun, knife, waist strap, shoulder, Kevlar, helmet.Find a flat area, which is not lying any stones or sticks.Find it at the same... special. And to engage him in melee....
This article describe tags: army, unarmed combat, edged weapons, military, military science, modernity
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