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How did the surgery? Prehistoric times and antiquity

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 04.07.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Treatment of the diseases people had, even before the first Homo Sapiens. Neanderthals knew how to treat their compatriots. After all, every member of the tribe then was valuable. This period of development is called empirical. What was the level of prehistoric medicine? In a cave burial Shanidar in Iraq, archaeologists found the remains buried around 70 thousand years ago the Neanderthals. Some of the bones show that the lives of the Neanderthal suffered a serious injury, a fracture, which was subsequently cured. It is known that the fractures themselves are not cured. Even back then, there was treatment of injuries, and possibly diseases. In medical history the most famous "old man of Shanidar". He was about 40 years, which for those times was the deepest old age, because people then usually died before reaching 30 years. In his youth he was badly injured: he had amputated right arm, he was blind in his left eye, on the bones showed signs of arthritis. So the old man could survive only if it was cared for. And to survive after a trauma in his youth — only treatment. A reconstruction of one found in the cave Shanidar of the remains of chelovekopotok: ru.wikipedia.org With the emergence of civilization the number of conflicts multiplied, as the number and types of injuries. The oldest written record about the treatment of injuries of various kinds, archaeologists found the Sumerians. Cuneiform on baked clay tablets have been described recipes treat a variety of wounds from bladed weapons and methods of treatment of fractures. For the treatment of fractures of the applied fixation of the limb. Of wood chips did the splint and tightly tied, fixing the fracture. Wounds from edged weapons is recommended to wash with water and milk, and then fill the wound with honey and bandage of linen. In Ancient Egypt, the wound did linen bandages. The edges of the wounds were brought together with strips of linen, coated with resin. The resin used to hold together the wound edges, while the total fixed bandage the entire wound. That left some gap for the outflow of pus and wound, covered with honey, and fixed in a nearly closed form, had a perfect chance for healing without suppuration. Statue of Asclepius, God of medicine and vrachevanie: ru.wikipedia.org In Ancient Greece, the treatment involved the priests of Asclepius (asclepiades), and the basis of the whole future of medicine was laid by Hippocrates. He described many methods of treating diseases and wounds, different types of bandages, dry and soaked with honey or various oils. And he first formulated the principle of purulent surgery: "ubi pus, ibi evacua" (where [there is] pus, have it removed). After Hippocrates important works on medicine written Celsus. He first introduced the classification of the inflammation of the wounds, signs of the presence of wounds inflammation — rubor, tumor, calor, dolor (redness, swelling, heat, pain), methods of avoidance of inflammation (purity of the surgeon's hands, the cleanliness of the surgical field in advance to remove dirt, pouring honey on wounds and other substances to protect the wound). The ruins of the Asclepion of cos — the temple of the God of medicine, Asclepius, which treated people and collected medical zanetto: ru.wikipedia.org And in the days of the Roman Empire the Roman physician Galen conducted a study of the treatment of wounds and described methods of treatment by avoiding inflammation, which is recommended to keep the operating field and the surgeon's hands clean and use a strong wine for washing wounds, and honey — to fill the wounds, and the wounds it was recommended to close, but not completely, giving a possible outflow of pus. The bust of Hippocrate: ru.wikipedia.org Highly developed medicine of Ancient Rome died with the Roman Empire. A century after the fall of Rome died from disease, wounded, from infections, and the priests their funeral: "God gave — God took". So it was until about the middle of the second Millennium. And only then the medicine began to revive... to be Continued......

This article describe tags: Ancient Greece, surgery, treatment, medicine, history of medicine