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The forgotten heroes of the Russo-Japanese war: than interested in the fate of V. I. Semenova?

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 05.07.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

One of the heroes of the Russo-Japanese war, Semenov Vladimir Ivanovich — the person with a very unusual fate. Will know him better... he was Born an officer of the Russian fleet in St. Petersburg, in the family, far from the sea service. When the boy grew older, his father was sent to Sea school. So Vladimir has devoted his life to the Navy, where he proved himself a true patriot. For 20 years, ensign Semenov made the trip on the training ship to the shores of the Pacific ocean, having familiarized with its features. Then, Japan was still a friendly country, and local inhabitants with cordiality and respect to the Russian sailors. The time has passed. Vladimir became interested in hydrology, received the appropriate education, participated in the expedition to the Yenisei, and then wrote a scientific paper on the subject. But still military service in the Navy was the meaning of life for V. I. Semenov. He served in Kronstadt under the command of Admiral S. O. Makarov. He had a chance to work in Training and artillery detachment Z. P. Rozhdestvensky. V. I. Semenovu: ru.wikipedia.org Shortly before the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war was appointed to Port Arthur on the ship "Lord". On the way to the place of service has learned that Japan had declared war on Russia. Especially strong effect on Vladimir Ivanovich news about the death of "Boyar". Arriving in Port Arthur, Semenov proceeds to the responsibilities of the commander of the destroyer "Resounding". But to serve as he managed just five days. His superiors were with him old scores, and it suddenly remembered that there are older applicants for command of the vessel. So Vladimir got a senior officer on the transport "Angara". It was a kind of revenge. The ship was a ship of the Volunteer fleet. In military transport have altered it, putting a few guns. V. I. Semenov in his diaries was very worried his appointment. He wrote that he drove thousands of miles not in order to serve on the boat. He had to settle for any officer position, just to be on a military vessel. One day, luck smiled at him. It so happened that the commander of the 1st Pacific squadron was assigned to the S. O. Makarov. When Vice-Admiral arrived at Port Arthur, he invited the V. I. Semenov to join his Staff. But he agreed to exchange the real marine life on the seat for the securities. Then Vladimir Ivanovich was appointed senior officer on the cruiser "Diana". Armored cruiser "Diana", 1908 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org no matter what V. I. Semenov did not serve the ship, he tried to establish order among his subordinates, to unite them to boost morale. Any work he came up with the soul. With anybody did not clash, so colleagues boldly approached him with a problem and received good advice and help in solving them. Cruiser often went on night duty for the protection of the entrance to RAID enemy vessels, and performed other maintenance tasks. The death of Vice-Admiral S. O. Makarov shattered the morale of the sailors, but there was no time to grieve. There was a war. Fatal to the squadron became the 28th July, 1904, when the king sent to Port Arthur a telegram with orders to break through to Vladivostok. This meant that the Russian ships finally clashed. Vladimir Ivanovich wrote in his diary about the extraordinary rise among sailors. Not only did they miss in the present case, but wanted revenge for his favorite S. O. Makarov. Stepan Osipovich of Makaroshada: ru.wikipedia.org the Fight was bloody. The court was seriously damaged. In the end, the squadron was scattered: someone has returned to Port Arthur, the other part went into neutral ports. Vladimir Ivanovich wrote that the commander of the cruiser "Diana" decided to obey the orders of the Emperor to the end and to go to Vladivostok. Problem was injuries and a lack of coal. After the meeting it was decided to go to Saigon. But the hike there was a real risk. I had to go without lights among the Japanese ships. The benefit of "Diana" was very similar to one of the enemy cruisers. It was at the limit of human possibilities. There were cases when the ship blew mines, then the team was forbidden to open a response fire. You had to have nerves of steel not to break! But the disclosure of the Russian cruisers the Japanese was like death. Armored cruiser "Diana" on the Small of Kronstadt regatta: ru.wikipedia.org the cruiser Finally reached the French colony, where refueled coal to go to Saigon. On arriving there, the sailors sighed with relief. The French colonialists have offered to them, and coal, and docking. They let the Russian sailors to stand for an unlimited time in the Harbor without disarmament. Like life is normal. The staff was enthusiastic about the hope again to break through to Vladivostok. But it was thwarted by a telegram from St. Petersburg with orders to disarm and to return to Russia. It was a bolt from the blue! Vladimir Ivanovich recalled that the news almost led to a riot. After the internment, a plan of leaving Home with documents in a false name, in order to get back to the war. To participate in this adventure officers even cast lots. Admiral Zinovy Petrovich of Rozhestvensky: ru.wikipedia.org So Vladimir has arrived in Russia, where he filed a petition to the Vice-Admiral Rozhdestvensky on admission to the 2nd Pacific squadron. What it is necessary to have devotion to the service of the king and the country that, having been in the Inferno, not to be left out, and to volunteer for the squadron, again going to war. Rarely happens! And if Vladimir chose another place, away from war, no one would have condemned. After all, if the ship was disarmed, the crew legally had no right to continue to participate in the same war on other ships. It's not cowardice, not treason. But apparently, Vladimir Ivanovich could not do otherwise, he looks like he just couldn't stay on the sidelines. On 2 October 1904 the 2nd Pacific squadron had set off. To Tsushima massacre was a little over six months... Vladimir Ivanovich described the difficult trip in his diary. Battleship "Knyaz Suvorov", 1904 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org He served on the battleship "Prince Suvorov" under the direct superiors of Vice-Admiral Z. P. Rozhdestvensky. Came the fateful day 14 (27), 1905. Off the coast of the island of Tsushima Russian squadron entered into an unequal battle with the forces of Admiral Togo. This is a legendary battle again the minute it was recorded in the diary of V. I. Semenov. He emphasized that officers and crew fought bravely, sparing no lives. The flag-officer was out of any shelters. He tried not to miss anything out of sight. Vladimir Ivanovich not only performed their duties and participated in extinguishing fires, helping to clear the debris. It by word and by example tried to support the team. Received five wounds, he did not go to the dressing, is not yet exhausted. Subsequently Semenov, and seriously wounded Rozhdestvensky, with the staff officers were transferred to the destroyer "Daring". But even there, briefly regained consciousness, Vladimir Ivanovich tried to give advice to the ship's crew. After learning that N. I. Nebogatov passed their trial in captivity, Vladimir was almost killed himself. He didn't want to believe that St. Andrew's flag will be lowered in shame. But Russian courts have already hoisted the flag of Japan. Destroyer "Daring"Photo: ru.wikipedia.org it is Impossible to imagine what was going on in the soul of the flag-captain, who devoted himself to serving the country and the king! Ahead was a prisoner... in the Fall of 1905, Vladimir Ivanovich returned home. In 1907 he was put on trial along with members of the delivery of the destroyer "Daring", but was acquitted. He then submitted his resignation. Thus ended the naval career of captain 1 rank V. I. Semenov. He lived long. In April, 1910, Vladimir Ivanovich died in the family circle at the age of 42 years. V. I. Semenov distinguished himself in the literary field — as a poet and novelist, author of the first biography of Vice-Admiral S. O. Makarov. He wrote fiction on marine themes, which clearly describe the shortcomings and errors of the naval staff and high-ranking persons, which led to the defeat. Book V. Semenov, "Retribution"Photo: auction.ru But the most famous of his novel was a trilogy of "Payback". The author was trying to convey to the public the truth about the Russo-Japanese war. The plot is based on the diaries of Vladimir Ivanovich. This chronology is particularly valuable. And the author was an eyewitness, and thus knew the whole story. This novel has been translated into 9 languages, including Japanese. Once in his youth V. I. Semenov in dispute learned the Japanese language. This experience did come in handy in the service. He translated into Russian "the Great battle of the sea of Japan" in — depth analysis of the battle at Tsushima, but from the Japanese side. Analyzing the way of life, a track record of Vladimir Ivanovich, involuntarily admire his hard work and dedication. It is a pity that the descendants about him know virtually nothing. And how many more such heroes of the Russo-Japanese war forgotten? ...

This article describe tags: military operation, the Russian-Japanese war heroes, military service, Vladimir Semenov, Russia, Russian Navy, Navy, Zinovy Rozhestvensky