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"Potemkin" and Potemkin - what's the connection? Only through ironclad

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 18.07.2019 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Unfortunate fact: when it comes to the life and work of Prince Grigory Potemkin (1739 — 1791), it all immediately comes to mind is the construction of the legendary "Potemkin villages". By which the construction of the famous favorite of Catherine II nothing had. Cities in the former Wild steppe suddenly became a new Russia, Grigory Alexandrovich built a lot. Go to the first part of the paper City, I must say, Potemkin built correctly, and the correct city he was building. What is the correct city? It is a city set in the right place. For example, the chief naval port where to stand? Where ships will be protected and where they will be roomy. In the mouth the longest Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, which was first named Akhtiarsky, and then Sevastopol! But this Bay was difficult, and build ships here was not convenient. Where to build the shipyard? That's right, on the deep southern bug, where converge the roads on which wood, iron, ropes and sailcloth to drive, unlike the more convenient, and closer than long and waterless Crimean roads. Here's Nikolaev! The capital of this huge territory where best to put? And on the high Bank of the Dnieper, well-guarded, near the Cossack villages, towns and cities. Here has long since been a lively place since the 80 versts below the Dnieper river was blocked by wild rocks, dangerous rapids, which made the great river completely impassable. So high right Bank products, swim top, "from the Vikings", were loaded into carts, or on horses, and carried hence by land to that place, where already at the rapids the river calmed down. This place because Turkey was called. Here it was possible to re-sink their ships and, slowly, continue the journey to the Black sea and then to Constantinople-Constantinople, "to the Greeks." Fortunately it was very close. Ochakov gates and ramparts, 1784 Photo: ru.wikipedia.org and, finally, where to put the castle and Outpost to guard against the enemy's two mighty (and became a public service) rivers? Yes, in the mouth of the Dnieper, of course. Where the Dnieper and the southern bug away from touching their power banks out towards the Black sea is a huge estuary. In Kherson city, Kherson! So let them doldonyat enemies about what sort of "Potemkin village"! Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin was confident that the construction of the Novorossiysk cities he be glorified in the offspring! And the village — why build them? They grow only permit. The eagle does not catch flies! But we can not predict how our name will respond to any subject, great or shameful, it trailer. Or its trailer. The battleship "Prince Potemkin-Tavricheskiy" was the best ship in the black sea flatfoto: ru.wikipedia.org In September 1900, the stocks of the shipyard, which at the same time with the city of Nikolayev was founded by Potemkin, came the battleship named in his honor — "Prince Potemkin Tavrichesky". In the early twentieth century armored warships were not only armoured fists of the imperialist powers, but the focus of the latest advances in technology. The city of Nikolaev, in General, insignificant cultural centre, able to compete with the best shipyards of the world, that is with the best hands and minds in this world. A considerable reason for pride. The battleship "Prince Potemkin Tauride" was at that time the best ship of the black sea fleet and one of the best ships-battleships in the world. He boldly predicted a glorious battle destiny. But it did not happen. Although the history of this ship fit, but for a different reason. The uprising on the battleship "Prince Potemkin-Tauride"from the film "the Battleship Potemkin", 1925, a Large ship — great diving, and ship the new — new crew. Usually while, as the stocks harvested by the ship, in the barracks cobble together his crew. The battleship "Potemkin" crew size was 731 people, including 23 officers. Counting by land, nearly a regiment. All this mass of people should be trained and not afraid of this word — to train, to battle, the team worked smoothly and confidently. But for such "training" of 23 officer — very little. The fact that the crew of the new battleship was not fully staffed, is understandable. Do not forget — it was the Russo-Japanese war. Generally, after the fact can explain everything, any misfortune, any fire, any explosion. But even knowing about the existence of significant assumptions to predict the impending disaster, hardly anyone will undertake. And mutiny on the largest ship — a definite disaster for the Navy. Retell the story of the uprising on the battleship "Potemkin" is meaningless, though, because the famous film of Sergei Eisenstein is known to all. All around the world. Classic cinema, the best movie of all time! But trust artwork as a historical document, it's silly. Especially since the Director himself, and his work was politically engaged. Maybe because of this bias and a film for the ages, which is a silent and black-and-white — even now looks with interest and tension. But history has other criteria. Roll in one direction or the other side is dangerous as the open sea. Can turn upside down. Now, after more than a hundred years, the history of the revolt of the sailors on the "Potemkin" set fairly objectively. June 25 (new style), 1905, in the afternoon after the battleship left Sevastopol for test firing. Firing was conducted near the sand spit on the Northern coast of the Black sea, approximately half the distance between Sevastopol and Odessa. June 26 in Odessa command was sent for the purchase of food. Among other things, and purchased meat, which later became the cause of the uprising. The cause of the riot was meat ceramicist from the film "Battleship "Potemkin"" Fat white worms crawling in the meat carcass is shown in the movie to fill the screen, of course, caused an indignant understanding. In fact, when you consider that the days were hot, and even on the most modern ships, what was the battleship "Potemkin", refrigerators were missing meat with worms on those ships was not something out of the ordinary. The chef allowed the meat in the case, pre-posting it in the sea breeze to ventilate. Worms was partially destroyed by salt, was partly thrown into the pot and boiled them. Not too appetizing, but the men got used to it. The difficulties of military service, so to speak. Incidentally, subsequent investigation has established that one crew member received a portion of soup, ate it and found it "delicious and greasy". Whether it was how the painter painted it? Of course, netper Fomin, "the Uprising on the battleship "Prince Potemkin Tauride"", 1952, But on the "Potemkin" something went wrong. Soup to wormy meat, the command is refused. Riot! The captain told me to play the total fee, ordered the ship's doctor to re-examine the edibility of the soup. The doctor confirmed: soup is possible. Then the commander threatened to punish the stubborn, and the threat worked. May the glorious revolt of the Potemkin could have been avoided, if not... Spit found on the stone, when a senior officer decided that a few lingering in the place of the seamen are stubborn rebels, and ordered to bring a tarp from one of the boats. The tarp is serious. They were covered with a shoot not to splash blood on the deck. Maybe there would be no shooting, maybe the officer wanted to scare sailors. But the cruel and unjust order struck a spark. The explosion occurred. The poster was released to mark the 60th anniversary of the uprising on the "Potemkin"Photo: ru.wikipedia.org the Beginning of the uprising on June 27 was the end of the battleship "Potemkin". No, the ship was not shot, and on 3 July, he sailed to Constanta, where the crew surrendered to Rumanian authorities. But, according to Maritime authorities, the memory of the rebellion had to be eradicated. Upon return to Sevastopol battleship renamed in "Panteleimon". The name of Prince Potemkin-Tavrichesky was stained, and it is not his fault. Tarnished or glorified? The answer to this question largely depends on the Outlook of the respondents. Rather, it is still glorified. Mainly thanks to the talent of Sergei Eisenstein and the worldwide success of his movie. In Soviet times the question about who the Potemkin, quite often it was possible to answer: "Well, it's one that the battleship". Moreover, from the name of the rebel battleship formed the word "Potemkin", which was used more often than the name of the Prince of Tauride. The crown of such peculiar metamorphosis was setup in 1965 in Odessa the monument to Potemkin. The main thing was that the new monument took place, which before the revolution was a monument to Empress Catherine II and several of her companions, among whom was Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin. The monument "Potemkin — descendants" in the current Odessa moved to a new location at the end of the seaside bolivarite: ru.wikipedia.org to be continued......

This article describe tags: Dnipro, Grigory Potemkin, Catherine the Great, ships, battleships, warships