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As the train operated during the Great Patriotic war? :.: Article 02.09.2019 at 21:00 :.: Article

With the beginning of the great Patriotic war in the red Army were armored, which, as it turned out, was poorly prepared for major combat operations. The country's leadership gave the command to make a couple of armored trains to meet modern realities. And this task was successfully accomplished. It should be noted that the train was prepared under the scrutiny of Colonel Fedorenko. He was a chief of the head armored Directorate of the red Army and competently explained to upper management what is the advantage of armoured trains in the war. It is known that from October 1941 to February 1942 under difficult wartime conditions in Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod) built the armored train "Kozma Minin". Drawings of this unique building were supplied in advance to the city of Murom (Vladimir oblast), and there simultaneously with the "Minin" collect an armored train "Ilya Muromets". Replica bronetancovogo armored train "Ilya Muromets" in Muramoto: Fedorenko personally took the train, praised their quality. And these were not empty words. It would seem, why waste time on the train, tied to railroad and is a good target for Nazi planes? However, in the Main armored management thought differently and were able to create a great combat units for the front. New armored got the armor from 30 mm to 45 mm, which protect the crew and troops from bullets and shrapnel. Armor, of course, was thicker in the most critical areas. Booth the driver was armored, and it was reported with a commander's turret with armored passage. The first clashes showed that the engine (albeit protected by armor plates) should be installed in the middle of the composition. So it was safer — to reduce the probability of failure of the "heart" of the armored train. Overall the composition were as follows: mid — engine; then (left and right) — closed platforms; they (left and right) — open platforms; and then (also left and right) control platform. Control platform, which, it turns out, was located at the beginning and at the end of the composition, carried repair material and fire fighting equipment. That is, in these control platforms, laying rails, sleepers, hammers, plates, bolts, shovels, crutches, and boxes of sand. Thus the issue was resolved with the repair unexpectedly destroyed access roads. Covered platform carried on two cast turret T-34−76 and four machine guns. Two machine guns stood on one side, and two on the other. In addition, the armored Board had loopholes for firing personal weapons. It should be noted that the described train built more stocky. It is understandable — for this purpose are harder to get than in the higher. In addition, armored side "Minin" and "Muromets" has made slanted, which also reduced the likelihood of damage in combat. Due to the fact that enemy aircraft were a formidable force on open platforms mounted on two large anti-aircraft gun semi-automatic. And as to this point at the front, successfully debuted our legendary "Katyusha", then on the train mounted (on open platforms) rocket launchers. Soviet anti-aircraft gunners on the train platformate: As you can see, despite the apparent vulnerability of the armored train of the great Patriotic war was a serious and formidable weapon. Guns, guns, rocket launchers, the ability to deliver for yourself the troops to the battle — all this greatly disturbed the Germans, and they declared the hunt on armoured trains. And to destroy them seemed quite complicated. Powerful protection, the ability to maneuver, competent camouflage (winter white, summer light green or dark green) allowed the trains to operate successfully near the front line and then promptly leave the dangerous place. Replica bronetancovogo BP "Kozma Minin" on a pedestal at the Bottom of Novgorodets: Smolov. ilya, you Should know that guns "Minin" and "Ilya Muromets" were able to conduct a circular firing with the range to 12 miles! That is, the train could not be located in the vicinity of the front. In General, described above armored trains of the red Army honorably fulfilled their tasks in wartime....

This article describe tags: train, the Great Patriotic war, the war, the Red Army, wartime