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Participants of the Russian-Japanese war S. O. Makarov and S. Akiyama: what unites them? :.: Article 26.09.2019 at 21:00 :.: Article

In this article I would like to recall two members of the Russian-Japanese war. Is Stepan Osipovich Makarov Saneyuki Akiyama. It is no coincidence that I combined them. They both were engaged in development of tactics and strategy of war at sea and made a great contribution to the development of the Russian and Japanese fleets. But, unfortunately, the merits of Stepan Osipovich appreciated after his death. But the Japanese were smarter than that. They went seriously to the scientific work of a young naval officer, taking them as a basis of warfare, and were able to defeat the Russian ships... But all in good time. Father Stepan was a naval officer, who received the title for their hard work. He began work as a sailor, and retired in the officer rank, receiving and nobility. Stepan Osipovich graduated from the naval school in Nikolaevsk-on-Amur, where his parents moved from South of Nikolaev. From the first years of naval career and the last days of his life Stepan Makarov was distinguished by diligence in service, initiative and ingenuity. He has tried to be innovative in their duties. S. O. Makarov in 1879 (photo from "WEC")Photo: During the Russian-Turkish war for the first time Makarov was able to deliver mine on a RAID to the enemy on boats that are transported on Board the ship. Stepan Osipovich created the caps for shells, making them armor-piercing. He created the theory of unsinkable ships and wrote numerous articles about the problems of the Navy of Russia. One of the most famous is the "Discourse on naval tactics." This work was translated into five languages, including Japanese. So first of all, it praised the sailors of foreign countries. But it is in the Russian Maritime Ministry to this scientific work treated lightly. Stepan Osipovich of Makaroshada: Creator: D. Zdobnov, With the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war, Makarov urged to print out their "Tactics" and send copies to commanders of all ships in the far East. But even after a month, when in connection with failures in Port Arthur, Makarov assumed command of the 1st Pacific squadron, "Tactics" was not released. Did only nine months after the death of Stepan. Again, the book was reprinted during the Soviet period, in 1943. I managed to find and read the edition of 1904. This book describes everything from establishing a life and maintaining the fighting spirit of the team before detailed schemes fleet battles. "Tactics" Makarov got interested in the command of the Japanese fleet, and in particular, a young officer, right hand of Admiral Togo — Saneyuki Akiyama. According to the recollections of colleagues, this book became a reference for him. Probably, developing the tactics of battles at Port Arthur and the Tsushima Strait, he relied on this work. Akiyama of Sanukite: About Akiyama managed to find some information. He was born in Matsuyama. His ancestors were samurai, hunted piracy, perhaps that is why from a young age he caught the sea. Already in the practical training he showed exceptional ability in strategy and tactics, assessing the enemy's moves in advance. For an excellent study Akiyama was sent to training in the USA. After returning to Japan he taught at the naval Academy military tactics and strategy officers, his peers. With the outbreak of war with Russia he was enlisted in the staff of Admiral Togo, where he showed his outstanding military ability in full force. Views on the tasks of the Navy S. O. Makarov and S. Akiyama traced a lot in common. They both paid attention to the morale of the sailors. Believed that spirit — the guarantee of victory. They have focused on the balance of the fleet, proposed to count the number of different types of vessels before they are built. Akiyama, like the Makarov, supported the destruction of enemy ships destroyers on his own raids. They both felt better for the battle of Wake structure, which would contribute to a faster rebuilding of ships during the battle. It is interesting that tactics squadron battles they are similar. The best maneuver was considered to be compression ring, or surrounded by lead ships or flanks the enemy. As well as the possibility of breaking the Wakefield system, the division squadron to pieces and destroying ships. Poster of the Russo-Japanese waynetta: Source And Makarov, and Akiyama believed that the first on the enemy fleet should attack the auxiliary squadron, which caused significant damage. And the main force would destroy the remnants of the squadron. Significant difference of the tactical methods of these sailors is the promise of battle. Makarov built his work on the defensive actions of the squadron. And Akiyama adhered to the method of surprise attack on the enemy. He wrote that it should be the enemy to stun and then kill. On the night of 27 January 1904 in the Harbor of Port Arthur, he almost made this a reality in the attack on the Russian squadron. A few hours went down the strongest ships of the 1st Pacific squadron. According to some historians, after the death of the Akiyama his tactics the Japanese used during the attack on the American military base at pearl Harbor. Akiyama has taken the tactics of the Japanese pirates who have made an unexpected maneuver in front of the squadron of the enemy, thus disorienting him. Attack Japanese pirateface: Source he Also suggested the use of steamers-ships with explosives in the holds, which exploded and flooded in a narrow exit from the Port Arthur RAID. A surprising fact from the biography: Akiyama when he retired in the rank of Vice Admiral, he became interested in spiritual improvement and immersed in religion. How much you can save lives of Russian sailors, if "Tactics" Makarov still circulated in the Navy! And how sad that the ideas of the Admiral took advantage of the opponents. But history does not tolerate subjunctive mood. For some reason in Russia such mistakes are not uncommon... ...

This article describe tags: Russian-Japanese war, the war, Saneyuki Akiyama, Stepan Makarov, the Russian Navy, Admiral, the Navy, the Navy of Russia