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The doukhobors and Tolstoy. What's the connection? :.: Article 26.09.2019 at 21:00 :.: Article

Dagoberto appeared in the Russian Empire in the mid XVIII century. It was subjected to persecution by the Orthodox Church and the authorities. The result is a large part of the doukhobors, with the support of Leo Tolstoy, emigrated to Canada. Experts attribute duhovenstva to spiritual Christianity — the common name of Russian currents, separated from Orthodoxy. For currents of spiritual Christianity is typical of the allegorical interpretation of the Bible, denial of the attributes and the Orthodox Liturgy and Church hierarchy, the more strict observance of biblical commandments. Ideologue, and first leader of this movement was Siluan Kolesnikov, who lived in the South of Ukraine. From 1755 to 1775 (the year of death), he led the doukhobors. Kolesnikov was able to quickly achieve the popularity of dukhobortsy, when preaching to the Tambov province. Dagoberto spread to many Russian provinces. A distinctive feature of this direction: the doukhobors translate the visible forms of worship in the invisible. The main consider spiritual growth of the person. For example: baptism is only the Word of God, man renounces himself and entrusts himself to God; the sacrament takes place mentally; the Church itself is not, pray just in the room or on the street. In the services put on the table bread, salt and a pitcher of water, which are symbols of faith. E. M. Boehm (Endaurova), postcard of "Bread and salt to dine, our speech to listen to"Photo: Doukhobors appreciate the heartfelt belief, equality and mutual respect between themselves and families. They believe that they themselves are the temple of God that each of them lives by the Holy Spirit. Each other greet with a deep bow, considering that so worship the Holy Spirit. Interestingly, the name "doukhobors" was given by one of the archbishops who wanted to show that that that is disobedience to the Holy Spirit. The new course adopted the name, treating it as Dukhobor — because the Holy Spirit living inside us, fighting against evil. Still an interesting point: written teachings of the doukhobors were not, there was only the oral tradition, called the "Animal book", that is, the book of Life. Psalms to this book a lot, one person was not able to remember them, so the content of the book was in memory of the community. Parents began to acquaint children with Animal book when they were 6 years old, the training lasted for up to 15 years. Doukhobors believe that the memory of man is like the Father God, mind of God the Son By the Holy Spirit. At the same time, they believe that Christ is not God, but man, endowed with divine mind. The afterlife they do not recognize, believing that after death there remains only the memory, which leaves behind a dead man. But believe in the transmigration of souls, assuming that souls existed before the creation of the world. The plaque in the Cave where there was the burning of orgyphoto: Conovaloff, the State authority is recognized only as a tool against the atrocities taking place in human society. The doukhobors are forbidden to take the oath and bear arms. As in any religion, in the doctrine of the doukhobors many contradictions. For example, religious holidays they do not recognize, but prayer time for Orthodox holidays. Or this fact: the doukhobors valued equality, but Siluan Kolesnikov advocated that there is continuity, that is, that he took the post of one of his sons. And if the community members are more sensible and respected man? Some interesting moments, which are said to thinkers, will have future generations of people. For example, in the teaching of the Dukhobors say that God exists in nature in a form accessible to the senses, and the soul of man it is present as an invisible spirit. Portrait of Grigory Savvich Skovoroda with his podpisyvat: Since it's written on paper the ideology of the doukhobors were not, Skovoroda, support for, written submission made to the Governor, entitled "the Confession of faith of the Doukhobors". This document presents the basic points of the doctrine: "In the soul of man dwells God himself, and He himself guides man by His word. The memory man is likened to God the Father, the mind of God the Son, the will of the Holy Spirit; the Father is light, Son, belly, Holy Spirit, peace, Father, height, Son — latitude, the Holy Spirit, depth. Sensually there is a God in nature, and spiritually — in the human soul." The doukhobors were persecuted by the authorities. Only when Emperor Alexander I has been some acceptance of them. In the early nineteenth century, issued a decree on the resettlement of the doukhobors in the Melitopol district of the Taurida province. Immigrants have received a sufficient area of fertile land. And after a visit to the Emperor of the villages of the doukhobors Patience he released them from the oath. But under Nicholas I, the situation has changed, and the doukhobors were deported to Azerbaijan and Georgia, which today is preserved settlements in which they lived compactly. Niko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili), "the Feast of Molokai"Photo: In 1895 in Tiflis province and Kars region there was a conflict: the apostles said to the authorities their refusal of military service and burned all had their weapons. The day before, in 1894, the doukhobors of the village Patience Kars region refused the oath to Nicholas II. After these events started this persecution, several thousand doukhobors were resettled to places with unhealthy climate, who refused service were sent to prison and disciplinary battalions, particularly recalcitrant were exiled to Siberia. While there had been beatings, robberies and abuse. A big role in the lives of doukhobors was played by the novelist Leo Tolstoy. He approved their doctrine, for many years corresponded with Peter Original, who after the emigration of the doukhobors to Canada, he headed the community. To exile Verigin 15 years was in exile in Siberia. Peter V. Virginfoto: E. J. Campbell, After the embittered attitude of the authorities towards the doukhobors was taken the decision to emigrate. Advanced people of Russia organized the moral and material support to members of the community were left without shelter and financial means. In 1898-1899 years a third of the doukhobors (approximately 7.5 thousand people), with the support of Leo Tolstoy emigrated to Canada in undeveloped areas. The entire fee received from the novel "Resurrection" Tolstoy was sent to Finance the resettlement of the Dukhobors. Accompanied the emigrants as interpreters Sergei Lvovich Tolstoy, the Tolstoyan Now and Dr. Bakunin. Third party doukhobors were accompanied by Vladimir Bonch-Bruevich, who at their request has compiled a collection of Psalms — "the Animal book of the doukhobors". In the early twentieth century, the total number of immigrants amounted to almost 9 thousand people. P. V. Verigin speaks to the doukhobors in British Columbite: At the same time, there is ideological conflict, the movement split into several sects. For example, the radical for "Sons of liberty" refused to send their children to school and even set fire to school buildings. In our days, moderate for doukhobors, headed until his death (2008) the great-grandson of Peter Verigin — John Verigin. For their peaceful activities, he was awarded the Soviet order of Friendship of peoples, order of Canada and order of British Columbia. Currently, Canada is home to about 30 thousand doukhobors, more than half of them know Russian language as native, 5 thousand have kept the faith. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, some doukhobors began to return to the places where they lived previously. In Georgia, in the village of Gorelovka preserved tombs of preachers. Here come the doukhobors from all over the world to venerate the Holy grave. ...

This article describe tags: Leo Tolstoy, the doukhobors, Christianity