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As prosthetic teeth? History from Ancient Egypt to the present day

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 11.01.2020 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

About prosthetics there are a lot of jokes level — "...and the teeth on the shelf". Tell them both young and elderly people wearing removable dentures, which are actually before going to sleep take out of his mouth, put in a glass of water. And in the morning, just getting out, first put on the teeth. It seems to be simple, functional and aesthetically pleasing. And as it was before? In Egypt during the excavation of the graves was discovered a human skull with a dental prosthesis, made of wood of firm breeds. The age of the finds, scientists estimated about 4.5 thousand years. Well, of course, for 2.5 thousand years before our era dentistry was available only to people who belonged to the upper class. From the documents of Ancient Egypt were able to learn that the dentist of the Pharaoh — about 4,500 years ago, the name was Hesi-Re. In Honduras, too, during archaeological excavations, were found dentures made from the shells of mussels. Installed this prosthesis was in the 6th century BC. Subsequently, in the first Millennium of our era, dentists Central and South America have invented many ways of prosthetics. So, near Mexico city, at the dig of Teotihuacan, was discovered the skull of a woman in the age of the denture tooth. Artificial teeth were made of serpentine. It was discovered the grave of a noble Inca, from whom all 32 teeth were replaced with dentures made of amethyst and quartz. This find was dated about the middle of the ist century of our era. In Europe the Etruscans in 3-4 centuries BC also produces dentures using a bone earlier and pulled out teeth that were fixed in the mouth of a gold wire. To preserve chewing function in cases of tooth loss already made crowns and bridge prostheses. Photo: Depositphotos In Ancient Rome in 450 BC was produced the generally accepted rules of prosthetics, as reflected in one of the first legal documents, the so-called "Laws of the 12 tables". For the production of dental prostheses used bovine bone, ivory, bone, hippopotamus, and human teeth. And worked prosthetics not only doctors, but barbers, bath attendants, masseurs, even the Smiths, and jewelers. In the middle Ages the skill of prosthetics disappeared along with the Roman culture. But teeth has not ceased to hurt! And therefore to do without dental treatment people could not. Were common amulets, potions, and magic rites. Medieval scientists were able to figure out what cause toothache — dental worm, eating away the teeth. Here the worm dentists and tried to exorcise the patients teeth. Guy de Soliac (Guy de Chauliac)Photo: wikimedia.org the First, who started from dentistry to expel the "devilry", a surgeon from France, guy de Soliac, who lived in the XIV century. Actually, he was a surgeon and wrote a number of treatises on surgery, the treatment of several diseases, including the treatment of plague. But about dentistry, he wrote a treatise, describing the special tool to remove the teeth along with the roots, "Pelican", which is used by dentists all over the world from the fourteenth to the early nineteenth century. In the XVI century, Ambroise paré not only created a new surgery, he and dentures were doing. Do artificial teeth made from ox or ivory, and strengthened them in the jaws of the gold wire. Pierre de Posar (Pierre Fauchard)Photo: wikimedia.org In the XVIII century Pierre Foshar, the personal dentist of Louis XV, moved forward and dentistry, and prosthetics. He issued the treatise, disproved the myth of the "tooth worm". Fosar had extensive dental practice, he removed the teeth, trying to cause minimal pain to the patient. He did, and dentures. Invented to make dentures from porcelain, created the first prosthetic workshop, which produced a year up to 1000 of artificial teeth. He did and inserted dentures most Marquise de Pompadour! And took with her one tooth 100 Louis. In the early XIX century by the Italian Giuseppe Fonzi made another breakthrough in dentistry. He invented dentures (or rather — dentures) permanently preserved a great view and allowed to fully chew his food. While false teeth made of wood or bones (any bones that is bullish, ivory that Hippo) though allowed to chew, but very quickly absorbed food particles and not only lost the appearance, but even started to smell. And in the prosthesis of Fonzi the Foundation was made of gold, in which the platinum pins were inset porcelain teeth. Once carefully driven prosthesis under the mouth of a particular customer, received a mouthful of white teeth, indistinguishable from the real thing, and the ability to properly chew our food. The color of porcelain teeth were chosen for the color of those teeth of the customer, what remains. Full removable dentures made of gold and farforovoe: Source But, you know, gold, platinum, Yes the selection of porcelain teeth in the colour ordered by the customer, cheap cost could not. In the early nineteenth century to have the natural teeth could afford only very rich people. In 1824-1825 year, Fonzi "doing teeth" of the Russian Emperor Alexander I. And the price of this work I was able to learn that it was "incredibly expensive". But in the mid-nineteenth century in dentistry emerged the so-called "vulcanicola mix", which consisted of vulcanized rubber. And dentures on vulcanicola jaws were worth five times cheaper than before, ceasing to be the privilege of the "very rich". Now false teeth could afford to buy and people "poor". And the rubber was excellent for taking measurements for future prostheses. A client once clenched his jaw and the dentist was individual measurements for future artificial jaw. XX century — the century of the mass of dental prosthetics, because of its total price reduction. With the beginning of the century was porcelain teeth and metal crowns. Crowns were made from gold and stainless steel, and ceramic. Photo: Depositphotos Since the second half of the last century to our time in the dental prosthetics reigns metal. Durable and reliable simulation, indistinguishable from real teeth — it's more durable and don't hurt. Statistics show that in recent decades, the need for ceramic prostheses increases by 50% every four years. What's next? Let's wait and see......

This article describe tags: dentistry, Egypt, Ancient Egypt, prosthetics