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"Many are very poor". Why in Abkhazia to change the power

Radio Liberty 13.01.2020 at 15:13

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty is a private, non-profit information service funded by the U.S. Congress, broadcasting to the countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Middle East and Russia.

The Parliament of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia on January 13 accepted the resignation of President Raul Khajimba. The day before he announced resignation after mass protests of the local opposition and a visit to Sukhumi by high-ranking representatives of the Russian authorities. The duties of the President will fulfill Prime Minister Valery Bganba. New presidential elections should pass on March 22. On Monday it became known that Raul Khajimba to participate in them will not. Sunday, January 12, in Sukhumi was visited by Putin aide Vladislav Surkov. Since last Friday was Deputy Secretary of the Russian security Council Rashid Nurgaliyev. Earlier, amid protests against the last presidential elections, the winner of which was declared khadjimba, the Cassation Collegium of the Supreme court of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, dismissed the complaint of the candidate in presidents from opposition of Alhasa of Quizine and invalidated their results. Kvitsinia, representing in the elections of a United opposition, the fall lost in the second round to the incumbent President Raul Khajimba with a separation less than a half percent of the vote. He said non-recognition of the election results. In the capital of Abkhazia Sukhumi held a mass protest, the congregation took over the building of the presidential administration and there were weapons. After that, the Parliament of Abkhazia adopted a resolution calling for President to resign "due to the difficult socio-political situation." The protesters blocked the building of the presidential administration of Abkhazia, Thursday, January 9. Sunday in the afternoon they went to his residence. The leader of the protesters Akhra Avidzba announced that the audience want to know what decision was made by Raul Khajimba at the end of negotiations with the opposition, which took place in the afternoon of 12 January under the mediation of the Deputy Secretary of Russia's security Council Rashid Nurgaliyev. The Russian presidential aide Vladislav Surkov, as reported by the correspondent of "Echo of the Caucasus", on Sunday evening at the Embassy of Russia met only with the leader of the opposition Aslan Bzhania, with Raul khadjimba he had no meeting. About what will happen to Abkhazia in the coming months before the election and what changes I hope its residents, says the President of the Moscow Scientific society of Caucasian studies, an expert of the Institute of world economy international relations Alexander Krylov: the Opposition have decided his task – dismissed the President from the government – appointed election date, so events will develop in this direction. Now candidates would be nominated. In fact, that force, which now has the greatest power in the Abkhaz political scene is the concentrated force of the opposition. It is their problem solved – removed the President from power. Now is the nomination period, and there already all will depend on whether there will be the political force uniform, or they will start to act each in their own interests. This will determine the nature of the elections and their results. Of course, if Aslan Bzhania will remain the common opposition candidate, he will win by a large margin is quite obvious. Bzhania is the representative of the power unit, all these years, he was part of the political elite. So to say that in Abkhazia there is a change of generations of political leaders, is not necessary. – What to Abkhazia flew Vladislav Surkov? Did Russia have a role in the current Abkhazian political crisis? – A situation repeated in 2014. Then, too, flew Surkov and Nurgaliyev. But they do not determine events that happen there. Their task is to ensure that Abkhazia was not the destabilization and shooting. The last time they dealt with it successfully. I think that this time everything goes to the fact that all will end without shooting. – What is the current situation in Abkhazia? What transformations are waiting for its inhabitants? Very strong power and influence of criminal organizations, including in the government – All tired of the poor living conditions, from the domination of monopolies, from the domination of crime. All this causes great frustration in people. Every time people expect that with the arrival of a new, strong leader would be put in order. The same was associated with khadjimba: hoped that he will bring order. Now, I think expectations will be similar. But, unfortunately, some new fundamental policy of socio-economic transformation are proposed. The main problem is the high level of monopolization of the economy. Everything is in the hands of certain groups of people. Very strong power and influence of criminal structures, and including in the state apparatus. In addition, there is a complete legal nihilism of the Abkhazian population, ranging from ordinary citizens. Of course, in this situation, only a radical change of the established order can do something to change it. But who is ready for radical reform – is absolutely not clear, – said Alexander Krylov. Editor in chief of the Abkhaz newspaper "chegemsky truth" Inal Khashig believes that the opposition is no single leader able to win a landslide victory in the upcoming presidential election: there is public apathy to the political process – Now in Abkhazia there is no political force that has the overwhelming support of the population, as it was in the times or Vladislav Ardzinba Sergei Bagapsh (presidents of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia in 1994-2005 and 2005-2011. – RS). Maybe certain political groups have some control of the blocking stake of shares, but no more. The more recent presidential elections showed that there is a certain apathy to the political processes that occur. In fact, the struggle between political forces. And ordinary people do not see some perspective, I do not believe that we will be conducting serious transformations in all spheres, from social, economic to law enforcement and so on. – What is the problem people care about most? Country in recent years has been stagnating. The crisis was permanent – the Lack of reform in principle. Country the last few years was stagnant. The crisis is to be expected. In Abkhazia he in recent years has taken the form of permanently. I think that the main challenge facing the Abkhaz political elite to develop a "road map": what will the future President regardless of his name. The people who will run, – low trust rating. If there is no consensus of the political elite to carry out reforms will be almost impossible. – What is the role of Russia in what is happening in Abkhazia? In Abkhazia, any politician negotiability for Moscow – Vladislav Surkov and Rashid Nurgaliev has arrived to try to settle the political conflict. I think, for Moscow it is absolutely unimportant who will be the winner. It doesnít make any difference, because in Abkhazia any political figure, one way or another, make agreements for Moscow, given the close cooperation that exists. Abkhazia's budget is formed almost half of Russian subsidies. You have to be crazy politician to quarrel with Russia. But it should be able to negotiate and defend their interests. Of course, the Abkhazian political elite is not as fluffy and comfortable for Moscow. Many of the questions raised in the last 10 years, has not been solved. In particular, the lifting of the ban on the sale of real estate the Russians, the moratorium on oil extraction, which was introduced a few years ago. They did not hesitate, despite the fact that relations between Moscow and Sukhumi are close, says Abkhazian journalist Inal Khashig. Chief editor of the edition "the Caucasian knot" Grigory Shvedov'm sure if the retired President of Abkhazia Raul khadjimba decided to run in the next election, his chances would have been high: Raul Khadzhimba has support in Abkhazia Khajimba Times is not running, it is obvious that even with a small turnout, a key issue in the election in Abkhazia is likely to be elected the candidate from the opposition. Khajimba's decision not to run seems to me to be hasty. If he suddenly changed his mind, I think his chances are good – he has support in Abkhazia. As for Russia's role in this whole situation – it's a little reminiscent of her role in the Armenian revolution. There and here Russia too late. Russian officials arrived in Abkhazia too late. And if it was an attempt to "tighten the screws", the choice is Rashid Nurgaliyev as a person is very distinctive. If so tighten the nuts to do it quickly. But the expression "tighten the screws" – a purely industrial. The crackdown in the Abkhazian scenario would mean blood. Timely crackdown would mean killing people who broke into the building and captured it and definitely broke the law. Well that never happened.

Actually, I believe that the Kremlin is not, in principle, should decide the issue of the Abkhazian elections, although the last time was such a revolution, Surkov also came. But I believe that Abkhazia needs to decide who she should be – an independent state, a part of Georgia or part of Russia. Experts and Abkhazians themselves say about the bad socio-economic situation, corruption, the dominance of crime. Is this Russia's fault? Many people live in poverty, but I don't see this as a fault of Russia – I believe that there is nothing to blame these troubles on Russia. Indeed, many people are very poor. It's true. But I don't see any fault in this Russia. Maybe the model of the assistance provided by the Russian state, not very effective from the point of view of economic development of the region. But I think the fault lies in Abkhazian society, Abkhazian politicians. Of course, widespread corruption and banditry. But in Abkhazia react to high-profile crimes (the murder of the Russian tourists in July 2017. – RS) are disclosed. But this reaction is also insufficient for companies. Society wants more, says the chief editor of "Caucasian knot" Grigory Shvedov. Abkhazia declared its independence in 1994 after the end of the armed conflict with Georgia. In 2008-2009, after the Russian-Georgian military conflict, Abkhazia's independence was recognized by Russia and a few countries in the world. Most UN members consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia. In Tbilisi elections in the Republic do not recognize the Abkhazia believe the Russian-occupied territory.