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Finance Purchase of a controlling stake in Sberbank will become an example of the use of "creative accounting" (creative accounting) in the scale of the Federal budget: almost half of the money directed from the Fund for the shares of Sberbank from the Central Bank, back to the budget and partially transformirovalsya in budget expenditures.
"part of the profits [of the Bank of Russia from the sale of Sberbank] would return to the Federal budget. Income no specific target, so they will be used to increase expenditures of the Federal budget, funding of priority areas," — said RBC in the press service of the Ministry of Finance.
the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov called the expenditure "priorities" of the task set by President Vladimir Putin in the message to the Federal Assembly. Putin in January 2020 has announced a number of new social initiatives, including additional support for families with children and an increase in the parent capital. According to Finance Ministry estimates, the funding of the presidential initiatives will require the Federal budget of 3.77 trillion in 2020-2024 years.
the Central Bank will return 1.25 trillion
CB will record income from the sale of 52.3% of the voting shares of Sberbank in the amount of 2.45 trillion rubles, Reuters reported. Of them 1.25 trillion RUB will be back in the budget for a few years, because of the Central Bank under the law transfers 75% of the annual net profit to the budget. About the scheme first told to "Vedomosti".
To the Federal budget will go "cash to 350 billion rubles in 2020, 300 billion in 2021, up to 400 billion in 2022 and the remaining amount — about 200 billion rubles by 2023" (a total of 1.25 trillion), said the representative of the Ministry of Finance.
According to the letter of the budget rules
last year, the Ministry of Finance has consistently opposed the use of NWF as the analogue of the budget expenditures. Deputy Finance Minister Vladimir Kolychev said that investments from the Fund over a lath in 7% of the GDP should be investment in asset — return, with certain returns. The international monetary Fund (IMF) recommended that the Russian authorities "to refrain from quasi-fiscal operations Fund", that is exactly from such transactions, which lead to increase of budget expenditures.
the Scheme of transformation of government investment in the shares of Sberbank in budget spending was made possible thanks to, on the one hand, the rate of transfer of a part of profit of the Central Bank to the budget, but on the other hand, thanks to the fiscal rule, the Ministry of Finance. According to him, the equation that determines the overall expenditure budget includes a component of "non-oil revenues". The amendments to the budget 2020 the government will be able to increase the expenditures of the predictable increase non-oil revenues. The budget for the years 2021-2023, the Ministry of Finance will be able to calculate the costs starting from the additional non-oil revenues as a result of receipt in the budget from profit of the Central Bank.
In the operating budget for the years 2020-2022 total pledged revenues in the amount of 63.7 trillion rubles in three years. Income from securities in connection with the transaction for Sberbank, ceteris paribus, will increase the total income by 1.6%.
Ivan TKACHEV, Yuliya STAROSTINA
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