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Photo: National Geographic
it Should be recognized that the pandemic coronavirus (and hence any other) nobody was ready. Except the Chinese, but their actions were a bailing water from the boat, which was swept by a wave. And all this to the detriment of the economy, from which the well-being of people depends to a greater extent than from the outbreak of any disease.
it is surprising, to defend against future pandemics may help urbanism. "Urban projects" transferred article of Fast Company magazine, which said that need to change in order to avoid mass infection:
"disease Outbreaks have repeatedly led to innovation in cities — cholera and sanitation in London, we already wrote. The new coronavirus is also going to change the way we think about how to develop cities and what are the main priorities in their development. Portal Fast Company suggested that will appear in the cities after the coronavirus to prevent outbreaks in the future:
And it's not about the purity, which without emissions. It's about his disinfection, design and technical solutions that help stop the spread of viruses. For example, at airports other way would be to go through the process of preflight inspection, to avoid waiting in queues. In Singapore's Changi airport like the future has already arrived — there in test mode introduced contactless immigration control for local residents returning to the country, got to the test group scan the iris of the eye and use facial recognition (this data and so the state and it will know that you have returned, thus this use of facial recognition there are no questions — approx. ed.). This allows you to create queues at passport control.
Secret weapon — building
it is Difficult to get rid of the crowd when a lot of people flying on the same plane. But the greatest risk there is to sit next to infected. The air on Board is filtered well enough that the virus did not spread beyond the cabin. However, such quality air systems in other places not. Luke Leung, Director of sustainable design a major international urban development company SOM, believes that "this technology could be applied in public transport, but this is not happening. About such a system in buildings, we also just have to think, because 90% of the time we spend indoors. Building — our secret weapon in the fight against infectious diseases".
New technologies make cleaning the air more profitable. For example, an ultraviolet lamp in air cleaning systems can prolong their lifespan and to kill viruses (traditional filters are more expensive, require more energy to push air through them). Fresh air in the building is important — it improves and external ventilation in tight areas.
as measures in the fight against COVID-19 at the entrances where many began to remotely measure the temperature. This, of course, not a test on any virus, but it helps to identify potential carriers and to isolate them. In fact, it works as the first level of protection against the spread of disease.
Photo by Dumitru Doru/EPA-EFE
Hospitals ready for mass infections
of Course, not just ordinary buildings, but hospitals can be designed differently to be better prepared for outbreaks of infectious diseases. For example, hospital Rush University in Chicago: the emergency Department is separated from the main building, and patients there safely examined even before they get to the hospital. Inside is also taken that the virus does not spread. You can convert and the house — for example, so that each bed can be had for a few minutes to do the resuscitation.
Parks help cities breathe
a More comprehensive approach to the improvement of cities and buildings is to make people in General less ill and more often avoided serious consequences. For example, making buildings more spaces outdoors — so the body gets more vitamin D, which reduces the risk of catching an acute respiratory infection.
in a Similar way, the availability of parks does encourage people to spend more time outdoors. Thanks to the parks people are more involved in sports, and the air becomes cleaner. Dirty air is associated with diseases such as asthma, hypertension and diabetes (people with these diseases are at risk for the new coronavirus). Pedestrian-friendly areas, on the contrary, reduce the risk of these diseases.
hand Washing facilities, hand washing facilities everywhere
Some changes in cities — are relatively simple. In Kigali the capital of Rwanda, a few weeks ago at bus stops put temporary stations for washing hands and asked the passengers before boarding the bus to wash hands. Additional sink temporarily installed in shops, banks and restaurants. In USA something similar, though not so massively, made about places where there are often homeless. It is easy to imagine that such infrastructure will become permanent in crowded places — for example, in the transport hubs.
Photo MARGARET ANDRESEN / REUTERS
of Course, this does not replace the need for rapid response to emerging disease outbreaks. But because climate change makes more likely future of the epidemic, the population is aging, and the cities become denser, urban planning also has the sense to change. The situation in Italy is likely to convince decision makers to invest in areas that were previously considered non-core. Perhaps after this pandemic will be the best moment that cities began to change."
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