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06 June 2020, 17:55
the Interpretation of the concept of "crest" as a synonym for "little Russian" and "Ukrainian" found in dictionaries Dahl, Ozhegova and other linguists. Initially, "crest", or simply "crest", was the name of a particular hairstyle worn by Ukrainian Cossacks, writes Qostanay.TV with reference to the publication of the Cyrillic alphabet.
it Looked so: the man's head is completely shaved bald, only at the very top was left untouched a small part of hair. This strand is almost sheared, with the result that it looked like a long crest or tuft.
"Crest" or "Oseledets"?
Is the name of the traditional Cossack hairstyle was made only in Russian. The Cossacks themselves called "Oseledets", which translated from Ukrainian means "herring". Chub hanging freely from almost completely shaved head, really did like elongated fish body. But the word "Oseledets" it was not clear to the Russian-speaking neighbors. Even those who could hear the original name of this hairstyle, just didn't see it, so called long Cossack forelock in his own way, that is "crest".
Because this men's hairstyle was adopted only Ukrainians, gradually, the name "Ukrainian" was moved from part of the character of the person himself. As a result, in the culture of the Eastern Slavs, the Ukrainians were strongly associated with tufts. The word began to be called not actually Cossacks, and all Ukrainians in General, including children and women, who, for obvious reasons, no Oseledets were not. Among Ukrainians, the word "crest" is perceived as insulting.
Interestingly, the peoples of Siberia, this shift occurred deeper: the Siberians were called Ukrainians and Belarusians, and Russians living in southern Russia (and later the Russian Empire). This could be due to differences in language. Dialects of Russian, living far to the East, beyond the Urals, very different from those common in the Central areas, not to mention the literary language. At the hearing, the Siberian, never communicate with Russian-speaking resident of the South, the last speech sounded strange and very similar to Ukrainian.
the Origin of Oseledets
the origin of the name Cossack mens hairstyles "Oseledets" ("herring"), you may notice a fair amount of humor. Over time, a joking tone ceased to be relevant, as if erased, and the word became a household name. Initially, this original hair was invented by the nomadic tribes of the great Eurasian steppe. They were called "Aydar". Aydar were worn only by older men, already married and continued their family. Unmarried young men were allowed to wear simple long bangs, which was called "kekil".
Shaved their heads and left at the top of a long forelock Kazakhs, Tuvans, Avars, Tatars and other nomads. Sometimes, a long strand of hair braided in a pigtail. Aydar was a special hallmark. Same as national costume, weapons, language or customs of the people. Many of the nomads this hairstyle was very common. Cossacks often fought and "communicate" in this way the Tatars and other nomads, just borrowed this hairstyle and gave it its name – "Oseledets".
the Value of this hairstyles for Cossacks
For any of the Zaporozhye Cossacks wearing Oseledets was especially proud, a symbol of belonging to a free people, what were once steppe nomads, knew no boundaries and barriers. Gradually the story of this legendary hairstyles overgrown with various myths and legends. Some historians argue that this Cossack Chub were some of the Kievan princes. In particular, survived a similar description of Svyatoslav Igorevich made by the Byzantine ambassadors.
All these examples once again confirm the interpenetration of different cultures in close contact. And as always happens in such cases, borrowed elements acquire in the new environment of unique features. So at the Zaporozhye Cossacks was not only pride, but also a good sign to wear long forelock-Oseledets. For him, supposedly, the Lord God will be able to get ruined many human lives the sinner from the flames of hell.
Every Cossack was a sincerely religious man and understood that for so many sins, his soul burdened with a great burden. Oseledets was also something of a talisman, a talisman against evil forces. Over time, he became a symbol of high status, even belonging to a noble family.
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