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Military equipment. What was the strength and weakness of the T-34?

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article 28.06.2020 at 21:00

Shkolazhizni.ru :.: Article

Medium tank T-34 needs no introduction. This is one of the symbols of the great Patriotic war and one of the symbols of the great Victory. But today fans of military history are not tired to argue about how good it was or how bad if he was better than German or American tanks. The reason for the differences may be not only different amounts of knowledge or political bias, but the one-sided approach to the topic. Try to consider it versatile, expanding everything in its place. Design concept the Concept of the T-34 is not the sudden inspiration of the designer. This is the result of a huge purposeful work of a complex system of Soviet tank development, which have been more than 10 years on the initiative and under the leadership of the Communist party and the Soviet government to prepare for the upcoming war. Design T-34 was the most conceptually advanced for its time that is accepted by virtually all domestic and foreign experts on military technology. Suspension, the optimum tilt angles of the surfaces of the hull and turret, the overall design of systems and components, economical diesel engine and main armament themselves were very well-chosen, and their combination give a powerful synergetic effect. The ideas behind the concept of the T-34 for a long time determined the direction of world of tank. Tanks prewar production factory No. 183. From left to right: A-8 (BT-7M), A-20, T-34 mod. 1940 with a gun L-11, T-34 mod. 1941, with a gun f-34Foto: ru.wikipedia.org the Main part of the structure of the tank, the Creators sought to achieve extremely high fighting qualities with the greatest technological design, that is simple and cheap to manufacture, requires a minimum of expensive materials, the least expensive machines, low diversity of materials and components, low skilled workers. Great attention was paid to the possibility of recovery of damaged tanks in the field. This approach was common to all types of Soviet weapons pre-war and war period. This philosophy is instilled at all levels of development and production of weapons. Its correctness was fully confirmed during the great Patriotic war, when the country was forced extremely efficient use of its limited resources. The Assembly of tanks T-34−76 in Nizhny Tagil. The tanks produced at the Urals wagon factory and evacuated from Kharkov plant number 183 (the Ural tank plant Comintern)Photo: waralbum.ru In connection with the lack of time the tank was accepted into production in 1940, being insufficiently modified. The original design of the tank had several drawbacks that hinder its operation and combat use. These included: poor design of the transmission, is almost not allowed to change gear on the move; a small tower, containing only two crew members, in connection with which the tank commander was also the gunner, which reduced the effectiveness of his actions at the battle management; poor turret, requiring much time for its rotation; low quality optical prisms in the driver's hatch, through which almost nothing could be seen; the unfortunate location of the commander's turret, making it very difficult its use for monitoring; poor ventilation, what caused the high gas content of the fighting compartment when firing; the presence of the radio only commander tanks. In the subsequent refinement of the design most of the shortcomings have been completely or partially eliminated. New modification of T-34−85, made in 1944, together with the new triple tower also has a more powerful gun caliber of 85 mm (compared to 76mm on the old tanks), which was caused by the emergence of a more hard targets — heavy German tanks. Quality workmanship Despite the relative simplicity of the technology, the quality of the T-34 had serious problems. Grinding the top edge of the cast "hex" tank turret at the Ural tank plant in the Lower Agiletto: waralbum.ru the Main reasons: lack of experience of Soviet industry; insufficient equipment of factories of precision equipment; the extremely harsh wartime conditions (problems with availability of equipment, tools, and equipment; lack of materials and energy resources, a huge program of production; great difficulties, caused the emergency evacuation of factories; staff shortages). Quality problems experienced many of the tank. The most difficult to produce was the engine. Diesel engine V-2 was an outstanding achievement of Soviet designers, but before that time the technological level of Soviet industry was not allowed to produce it quite efficiently. Until 1943 the actual resource of this engine was less than required. Diesel engine In-2photo: Vitaly V. Kuzmin, ru.wikipedia.org In the result of talented leadership of the Soviet industry, the heroic efforts and creative initiative of workers and specialists over time, has managed to significantly improve the quality of produced tanks. The comparison with foreign examples of Conceptual foreign tanks looked much more archaic than the T-34, except for heavy "Panther" and "the Royal Tiger" (the design of which has signs of influence of the concept of the T-34). Part of the structure of German, British and American tanks of different classes were generally made at a higher technical and production level, with the exception of the German tanks at the end of the war, when the quality of their armor is dramatically decreased due to lack of alloying elements. The undisputed advantages of the German, British and American tanks over the Soviet was more comfortable conditions for the crew. Usually, however, it required additional resources required in manufacturing. British tankers are passing on the tank M3 "Grant" by the destroyed German tank Pz. Photo: waralbum.ru the Overall combat effectiveness of the T-34 at various stages of the war was much higher than that of foreign analogues. But in Germany and the United States created a new modification of medium tanks. So, the latest modification of the American "Sherman" on the effectiveness was quite comparable to the T-34−85. It was very important that the simplicity of the design of the T-34 is allowed to produce it in large quantities, which was essential to victory, and had much greater importance than, for example, cowhide seats "Tiger". Interesting fact: in 1943, Britain was comprehensively studied sample of the T-34, the result of which was given a superior rating of its design and the skill level of its creators. They even considered the question of the manufacture of the tank in Britain. To summarize, we can conclude that the concept of the design of the T-34 was good and timely (T-34 to a large extent has become a "trendsetter" in the world tank manufacturing). The t-34 was simpler and rougher than tanks in Germany, England and the United States, in terms of design, parts and workmanship. However, the sum of the fighting qualities he was an outstanding tank of the Second world war. Coupled with the mass production of T-34's brilliantly fulfilled its task....

This article describe tags: T-34 tank, military equipment, tank