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In Siberia continue to expand "the gates of the underworld"

NEWS PLANET 30.07.2020 at 09:49

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Every year in Siberia increases Batagayskogo crater, which locals call the gates of the underworld. The increase of the crater due to the strong melting of permafrost, according to the portal WWW.PLANETANOVOSTI.COM.

climate Change leads to significant changes in the landscape of the territory. Batagayskogo crater located in Eastern Siberia, was opened in the 1960-ies and since then, very rapidly expanding. Externally, the object represented by the ravine of small dimensions, whereas today its width is more than 900 metres, nearly a kilometre. There is some danger to the permafrost in the Arctic: too soon, she may start to disappear.

the Growth temperature increased two times compared to the figure that was 30 years ago. For scientists a century ice is a kind of time capsule that reveals valuable information about the past of our planet: climate, ecosystems, and so on. Recent studies have shown that Batagayskogo the crater keeps the most ancient permafrost, which only can be found in Eurasia. Her age is 650 thousand years.

the Remnants of ice will help scientists figure out how plants and permafrost has responded to the significant warming that occurred in the past. We can say that the present situation has opened doors for scientists in the past, when the climate was then cold, on the contrary, a warm, said Thomas Opel from the Institute for polar and marine research them. Alfred Wegener.

climate Change strikes at the whole of Siberia. Because of the accumulated methane gas in the ice on the Yamal Peninsula and Gydan Peninsula dips to a depth of ten meters or more. Experts are also concerned about the issue of carbon emissions. Plants are unlikely to absorb it, to keep the balance.In their opinion, the tipping point has come: carbon over the last decade has been thrown by 600 million tons more than can be absorbed.